Blog of Signaling Pathways

TGF-β sensu stricto signaling regulates skeletal morphogenesis in the sea urchin embryo

1858 views | Dec 11 2018

Sun Z et al. revealed that this model morphogenetic process involves an even more diverse suite of cell signaling pathways than previously appreciated and show that PMCs integrate a complex set of both generalized and spatially localized cues in assembling the endoskeleton. [Read the Full Post]

Transcriptomic profiling of a chicken lung epithelial cell line (CLEC213) reveals a mitochondrial respiratory chain activity boost during influenza virus infection

492 views | Dec 10 2018

Meyer L et al. suggested that AIV is able to boost the metabolic capacities of its avian host in order to provide the important energy needs required to produce progeny virus. [Read the Full Post]

PPARβ/δ activation protects against corticosterone-induced ER stress in astrocytes by inhibiting the CpG hypermethylation of microRNA-181a

1461 views | Dec 10 2018

Ji J et al. suggested that PPARβ/δ activation in astrocytes might be a promising target for regulating ER stress-induced astrocytic injury. [Read the Full Post]

Cytokine correlation analysis based on drug perturbation

0 views | Dec 09 2018

Wallner FK et al. showed that cytokines are highly co-regulated, which provide valuable information for how a therapeutic drug might affect clusters of cytokines. In addition, a cytokine that is used as a therapeutic biomarker could be combined with its related cytokines into a biomarker panel to improve diagnostic accuracy. [Read the Full Post]

Parthenolide inhibits the initiation of experimental autoimmune neuritis

1359 views | Dec 09 2018

Zhang M et al. indicated that PAR plays dual roles in EAN and it is not proper to be applied in autoimmune diseases of nervous system. [Read the Full Post]

Regulatory Mechanisms Underlying the Expression of Prolactin Receptor in Chicken Granulosa Cells

542 views | Dec 08 2018

Hu S et al. provided new insights into the regulatory mechanisms controlling the expression of PRLR in granulosa cells. [Read the Full Post]

Regulation of XIAP Turnover Reveals a Role for USP11 in Promotion of Tumorigenesis

554 views | Dec 08 2018

Zhou Z et al. proposed that aberrant USP11, via stabilization of XIAP, promotes tumor initiation and progression. [Read the Full Post]

Cell-based assay system for high-throughput screening of anti-photo-aging agents in fibroblast transfectants

0 views | Dec 07 2018

Lee S et al. revealed that CCN1-GFs treated with sclareol showed decreased levels of UVB-induced CCN1 expression. Sclareol attenuated UVB-induced photo-aging by an increase in collagen synthesis and decrease in MMP-1 activity. [Read the Full Post]

Anti-invasive effects of CXCR4 and FAK inhibitors in non-small cell lung carcinomas with mutually inactivated p53 and PTEN tumor suppressors

1212 views | Dec 07 2018

Dragoj M et al. demonstrated that p53/PTEN deficient NSCLCs have extremely invasive phenotype and provided a rationale for the use of CXCR4 or FAK inhibitors for the suppression of NSCLC dissemination. [Read the Full Post]

Methods for 20S Immunoproteasome and 20S Constitutive Proteasome Determination Based on SPRI Biosensors

738 views | Dec 06 2018

Anna S et al. indicated 20Si and 20Sc were determined in blood plasma samples from healthy donors and patients with acute leukemia. In the case of these patients 20Si was the major component, and its level was more than one order of magnitude higher than in the healthy donors. [Read the Full Post]

Repetitive element transcripts are elevated in the brain of C9orf72 ALS/FTLD patients

496 views | Dec 06 2018

Prudencio M et al. concluded that increased RNA polymerase II activity in ALS/FTLD may lead to increased repetitive element transcript expression, a novel pathological feature of ALS/FTLD. [Read the Full Post]

Suppression of αvβ6 Integrin Expression by Polymicrobial Oral Biofilms in Gingival Epithelial Cells

1501 views | Dec 05 2018

Bi J et al. indicated that including lipopeptides, may downregulate αvβ6 integrin expression in the pocket epithelium and thus promote epithelial cell-driven pro-inflammatory response in periodontal disease. [Read the Full Post]

PARP inhibition attenuates early brain injury through NF-κB/MMP-9 pathway in a rat model of subarachnoid hemorrhage

1970 views | Dec 05 2018

Chen T et al. indicated that PARP inhibition through PJ34 might be an important therapeutic drug for SAH. [Read the Full Post]

Inhibitors of ubiquitin E3 ligase as potential new antimalarial drug leads

816 views | Dec 04 2018

Jain J et al. provided better understanding regarding the importance of E3 ligase functions in the malaria parasite as a potential new antimalarial drug target and a new class of antimalarial drug leads. [Read the Full Post]

AMPK activator acadesine fails to alleviate isoniazid-caused mitochondrial instability in HepG2 cells

635 views | Dec 04 2018

Zhang TG et al. showed that AMPK activator acadesine (AICAR) alleviated INH-caused impairment of mitochondrial biogenesis by activation of silent information regulator two ortholog 1 (SIRT1)-peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator 1α (PGC1 α) pathway in HepG2 cells. [Read the Full Post]

Induction of galectin-1 by TLR-dependent PI3K activation enhances epithelial-mesenchymal transition of metastatic ovarian cancer cells

477 views | Dec 03 2018

Park GB et al. demonstrated that TLR-mediated PI3K activation modulated the invasion and metastasis of ovarian cancer through the production of galectin-1, suggesting that inhibition of the p110 isoform is a promising therapeutic approach against metastatic ovarian cancer. [Read the Full Post]

Integrated High Throughput Analysis Identifies GSK3 as a Crucial Determinant of p53-Mediated Apoptosis in Lung Cancer Cells

717 views | Dec 03 2018

Zhang Y et al. provided us with new insights regarding the mechanism by which p53 mediates A549 apoptosis and may cast light on the development of more efficient p53-based strategies for treating lung cancer. [Read the Full Post]

Structure-based virtual screening and optimization of modulators targeting Hsp90-Cdc37 interaction

709 views | Dec 02 2018

Wang L et al. suggested that compound 10 exhibits moderate inhibitory effect on Hsp90-Cdc37 and could be regard as a first evidence of a non-natural compound targeting Hsp90-Cdc37 PPI. [Read the Full Post]

Flow-induced endothelial cell alignment requires the RhoGEF Trio as a scaffold protein to polarize active Rac1 distribution

527 views | Dec 02 2018

Kroon J et al. showed that flow induces Rac1 activity at the downstream side of the cell in a Trio-dependent manner and that Trio functions as a scaffold protein rather than a functional GEF under long-term flow conditions. [Read the Full Post]

Disruption of SHH signaling cascade by SBE attenuates lung cancer progression and sensitizes DDP treatment

734 views | Nov 30 2018

Du J et al. suggested SBE as a novel drug candidate for NSCLC which specifically and sensitively targets SHH signaling pathway. [Read the Full Post]