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Blog of Signaling Pathways

Dihydromyricetin promotes autophagy and apoptosis through ROS-STAT3 signaling in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma

616 views | Sep 13 2018

Fan TF et al. found that inhibiting autophagy could enhance DHM-induced apoptosis in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. [Read the Full Post]

The LXR ligand GW3965 inhibits Newcastle disease virus infection by affecting cholesterol homeostasis

295 views | Sep 13 2018

Sheng XX et al. suggested that GW3965 inhibits NDV infection, probably by affecting cholesterol homeostasis. [Read the Full Post]

Dichloroacetate induces regulatory T-cell differentiation and suppresses Th17-cell differentiation by pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase-independent mechanism

329 views | Sep 12 2018

Makita N et al. indicated that Dichloroacetate possesses Treg induction and Th17 suppression, which is independent of PDHK and dependent on ROS production. [Read the Full Post]

Phosphoinositide 3-Kinase Is Involved in Mediating the Anti-inflammation Effects of Vasopressin

0 views | Sep 12 2018

Jan WC et al. confirmed that PI3K, especially the isoforms of PI3Kβ, PI3Kδ, and PI3Kγ, is involved in mediating the anti-inflammatory effects of vasopressin. [Read the Full Post]

Identification of ACTG2 functions as a promoter gene in hepatocellular carcinoma cells migration and tumor metastasis

624 views | Sep 11 2018

Wu Y et al. revealed a critical role of ACTG2 in HCC tumor metastasis, and renders it a novel target for the treatment of HCC. [Read the Full Post]

Fascin Is Critical for the Maintenance of Breast Cancer Stem Cell Pool Predominantly via the Activation of the Notch Self-Renewal Pathway

690 views | Sep 11 2018

Barnawi R et al. demonstrated fascin as a critical regulator of breast CSC pool at least partially via activation of the Notch self-renewal signaling pathway and modification of the expression embryonic transcriptional factors. Targeting fascin may halt CSCs and thus presents a novel therapeutic approach for effective treatment of breast cancer. [Read the Full Post]

Resveratrol provides neuroprotection by inhibiting phosphodiesterases and regulating the cAMP/AMPK/SIRT1 pathway after stroke in rats

371 views | Sep 10 2018

Wan D et al. indicated that resveratrol provides neuroprotection by inhibiting PDEs and regulating the cAMP/AMPK/SIRT1 pathway, which reduces ATP energy consumption during ischemia. [Read the Full Post]

The anti-inflammatory effects of Morin hydrate in atherosclerosis is associated with autophagy induction through cAMP signaling

316 views | Sep 10 2018

Zhou Y et al. suggested that anti-AS and anti-inflammatory effects of MO are largely associated with its induction of autophagy through stimulation of cAMP-PKA-AMPK-SIRT1 signaling pathway. [Read the Full Post]

JAK/STAT signaling pathway-mediated immune response in silkworm (Bombyx mori) challenged by Beauveria bassiana

479 views | Sep 09 2018

Geng T et al. suggested that BmCTL5 might be one pattern recognition receptors for JAK/STAT signaling pathway in silkworm. These findings yield insights for better understand the molecular mechanisms of JAK/STAT signaling pathway in antifungal immune response in silkworm. [Read the Full Post]

microRNA-200a silencing protects neural stem cells against cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury

444 views | Sep 09 2018

Ma J et al. indicated miR-200a silencing protects NSCs from OGD/R-induced injury, possibly via regulating the STATs/c-Myc and MAPK/c-Myc signalings. [Read the Full Post]

Disruption of clathrin-dependent trafficking results in the failure of grass carp reovirus cellular entry

595 views | Sep 08 2018

Wang H et al. suggested that GCRV might enter CIK cells via clathrin-mediated endocytosis in a pH-dependent manner. Additionally, dynamin is critical for efficient viral entry. [Read the Full Post]

Inhibition of Histone Deacetylase Activity Aggravates Coxsackievirus B3-Induced Myocarditis by Promoting Viral Replication and Myocardial Apoptosis

242 views | Sep 08 2018

Zhou L et al. found inhibition of HDAC activity enhanced myocardial autophagosome formation, which led to the elevated CVB3 viral replication and ensuing increased myocardial apoptosis. [Read the Full Post]

Combined treatment with silibinin and either sorafenib or gefitinib enhances their growth-inhibiting effects in hepatocellular carcinoma cells

351 views | Sep 07 2018

Gu HR et al. found that the combination of silibinin with either sorafenib or gefitinib could be a useful treatment approach for HCC in the future. [Read the Full Post]

Differences in gene expression and alterations in cell cycle of acute myeloid leukemia cell lines after treatment with JAK inhibitors

724 views | Sep 07 2018

Gunerka P et al. suggested that observed effect of JAK2 inhibitors on transcription and cell cycle level in different cell lines are associated not with activity within JAK family, but presumably with other off-target activities. [Read the Full Post]

PCSK9-deficiency does not alter blood pressure and sodium balance in mouse models of hypertension

358 views | Sep 06 2018

Berger JM et al. found that PCSK9-deficiency did not alter both basal blood pressure and its increase in salt-insensitive (l-NAME) and salt-sensitive (Ang-II and DOCA-salt) hypertension models. [Read the Full Post]

Cyclopiazonic acid, an inhibitor of calcium-dependent ATPases with antiviral activity against human respiratory syncytial virus

0 views | Sep 06 2018

Cui R et al. provide a new strategy for anti-RSV therapy via increasing intracellular calcium concentration. [Read the Full Post]

The Nonmetabolized β-Blocker Nadolol Is a Substrate of OCT1, OCT2, MATE1, MATE2-K, and P-Glycoprotein, but Not of OATP1B1 and OATP1B3

1250 views | Sep 05 2018

Misaka S et al. indicated that these data will aid future in vivo studies on potential transporter-mediated drug-drug or drug-food interactions with involvement of nadolol. [Read the Full Post]

Niclosamide inhibition of STAT3 synergizes with erlotinib in human colon cancer

0 views | Sep 05 2018

Shi L et al. suggested that erlotinib and niclosamide combination provides an effective therapeutic approach to improving the prognosis of colon cancer. [Read the Full Post]

ETP-46321, a dual p110α/δ class IA phosphoinositide 3-kinase inhibitor modulates T lymphocyte activation and collagen-induced arthritis

707 views | Sep 04 2018

Aragoneses-Fenoll L et al. showed that p110α as well as p110δ Class IA PI3Ks are important to immune regulation; inhibition of both subunits may be an effective therapeutic approach in inflammatory autoimmune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis. [Read the Full Post]

The E545K mutation of PIK3CA promotes gallbladder carcinoma progression through enhanced binding to EGFR

0 views | Sep 04 2018

Zhao S et al. indicated that the prognoses of patients with E545K mutation were worse than patients without this mutation. The E545K mutation promoted GBC progression through enhanced binding to EGFR and activating downstream akt activity. The PI3K selective inhibitor, A66, suppressed gallbladder carcinoma proliferation. [Read the Full Post]