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Blog of Signaling Pathways

Activation of EIF4E by Aurora Kinase A Depicts a Novel Druggable Axis in Everolimus-Resistant Cancer Cells

1155 views | Jul 17 2017

Katsha A et al. indicated that AURKA plays an important role in the activation of EIF4E and cap-dependent translation. Targeting the AURKA-EIF4E-c-MYC axis using alisertib is a novel therapeutic strategy that can be applicable for everolimus-resistant tumors and/or subgroups of cancers that show overexpression of AURKA and activation of EIF4E and c-MYC. [Read the Full Post]

Effect of alpha lipoic acid on retinal ganglion cell survival in an optic nerve crush model

2495 views | Jul 17 2017

Liu R et al. conclude that the endogenous EPO/EPOR signaling pathway may contribute to the protective effects of ALA in the retina after ONC injury. [Read the Full Post]

The RNA-Binding Proteins Zfp36l1 and Zfp36l2 Enforce the Thymic β-Selection Checkpoint by Limiting DNA Damage Response Signaling and Cell Cycle Progression

2483 views | Jul 16 2017

Vogel KU et al. showed that in addition to controlling the timing of proliferation at β-selection, posttranscriptional control by Zfp36l1/l2 limits DNA damage responses, which are known to promote thymocyte differentiation. Zfp36l1/l2 therefore act as posttranscriptional safeguards against chromosomal instability and replication stress by integrating pre-TCR and IL-7 signaling with DNA damage and cell cycle control. [Read the Full Post]

METTL13 is downregulated in bladder carcinoma and suppresses cell proliferation, migration and invasion

1946 views | Jul 16 2017

Zhang Z et al. identified METTL13 as a tumor suppressor and might provide promising approaches for bladder cancer treatment and prevention. [Read the Full Post]

WISP1 overexpression promotes proliferation and migration of human vascular smooth muscle cells via AKT signaling pathway

0 views | Jul 14 2017

Lu S et al. demonstrated that Akt signaling pathway mediates WISP1-induced migration and proliferation of human VSMCs, suggesting that WISP1 may act as a novel potential therapeutic target for vascular restenosis. [Read the Full Post]

The positional identity of iPSC-derived neural progenitor cells along the anterior-posterior axis is controlled in a dosage-dependent manner by bFGF and EGF

0 views | Jul 14 2017

Zhou S et al. indicated that different concentrations of bFGF and EGF supplemented during propagation of neural rosettes are involved in altering the identity of the resultant neural cells. [Read the Full Post]

Metalloproteinase-9 contributes to endothelial dysfunction in atherosclerosis via protease activated receptor-1

1234 views | Jul 13 2017

Florence JM et al. demonstrated that metalloproteinase-9 could activate endothelial cells and induce their apoptosis via cleavage of protease activated receptor-1. In summary, better understanding of metalloproteinase-9's pathogenic capabilities as well as novel signaling pathways involved may lead to development of treatments which may provide additional benefits to atherosclerosis patients with a history of second hand smoke exposure. [Read the Full Post]

Identification of DYRK1B as a substrate of ERK1/2 and characterisation of the kinase activity of DYRK1B mutants from cancer and metabolic syndrome

1035 views | Jul 13 2017

Ashford AL et al. showed that DYRK1B is a novel ERK2 substrate, uncovering new links between two kinases involved in cell fate decisions. Finally, we show that DYRK1B mutants that have recently been described in cancer and metabolic syndrome exhibit normal or reduced intrinsic kinase activity. [Read the Full Post]

MiR-335 regulates the chemo-radioresistance of small cell lung cancer cells by targeting PARP-1

1626 views | Jul 12 2017

Luo Y et al. indicated that miR-335 may serve as a critical regulator of chemo-radiotherapy resistance in SCLC and a new potential therapeutic target. [Read the Full Post]

Tris (1, 3-dichloro-2-propyl) phosphate induces apoptosis and autophagy in SH-SY5Y cells: Involvement of ROS-mediated AMPK/mTOR/ULK1 pathways

1514 views | Jul 12 2017

Li R et al. provided the first evidence that TDCIPP promotes apoptosis and autophagy simultaneously and that this process involves the ROS-mediated AMPK/mTOR/ULK1 pathways. Lastly, the induction of autophagy is a protective mechanism against TDCIPP-induced apoptosis. [Read the Full Post]

Manganese-Stimulated Kisspeptin Is Mediated by the IGF-1/Akt/Mammalian Target of Rapamycin Pathway in the Prepubertal Female Rat

0 views | Jul 11 2017

Srivastava VK et al. suggested that Mn acts, at least in part, through the IGF-1/Akt/mTOR pathway to influence prepubertal kisspeptin and LHRH. [Read the Full Post]

Persistent GP130/STAT3 Signaling Contributes to the Resistance of Doxorubicin, Cisplatin, and MEK Inhibitor in Human Rhabdomyosarcoma Cells

2053 views | Jul 10 2017

Wu X et al. demonstrated that GP130/STAT3 signaling contributes to the resistance of these drugs in rhabdomyosarcoma cells. They also suggested a potentially novel cancer therapeutic strategy using the combination of inhibitors of GP130/STAT3 signaling with doxorubicin, cisplatin, or AZD6244 for rhabdomyosarcoma treatments. [Read the Full Post]

HBXIP, a binding protein of HBx, regulates maintenance of the G2/M phase checkpoint induced by DNA damage and enhances sensitivity to doxorubicin-induced cytotoxicity

1881 views | Jul 10 2017

Fei HR et al. suggested that HBXIP can function as a mediator protein for DNA damage response signals to activate the G2/M checkpoint to maintain genome integrity and prevent cell death. [Read the Full Post]

Ras oncogene-independent activation of RALB signaling is a targetable mechanism of escape from NRAS(V12) oncogene addiction in acute myeloid leukemia

1161 views | Jul 09 2017

Pomeroy EJ et al. demonstrated that Ras oncogene-independent activation of RALB signaling is a therapeutically targetable mechanism of escape from NRAS oncogene addiction in AML. [Read the Full Post]

A cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor, dinaciclib in preclinical treatment models of thyroid cancer

1374 views | Jul 09 2017

Lin SF et al. findings support dinaciclib as a potential drug for further studies in clinical trials for the treatment of patients with refractory thyroid cancer. [Read the Full Post]

WNT/β-catenin signaling promotes VSMCs to osteogenic transdifferentiation and calcification through directly modulating Runx2 gene expression.

0 views | Jul 08 2017

Cai T et al. suggested that high-phosphate may activate WNT/β-catenin signaling through different pathways, and the activated WNT/β-catenin signaling, through direct downstream target Runx2, could play an important role in promoting VOT and AMC. [Read the Full Post]

Inhibition of mTOR Signaling Pathway Delays Follicle Formation in Mice

0 views | Jul 08 2017

Zhang J et al. suggested that KITL functions downstream of mTOR in somatic cells to regulate their communication with oocytes during follicle formation. [Read the Full Post]

IFN-α potentiates the direct and immune-mediated antitumor effects of epigenetic drugs on both metastatic and stem cells of colorectal cancer

0 views | Jul 07 2017

Buoncervello M et al. opened a new frontier on the suitability of IFN-α in association with epigenetics as a novel and promising therapeutic approach for CRC management. [Read the Full Post]

Analysis of Endogenous Protein Interactions of Polycomb Group of Proteins in Mouse Embryonic Stem Cells

0 views | Jul 06 2017

Morey L et al. described several methods to study Polycomb architecture, and identification of novel interactors in both pluripotent and differentiating mouse embryonic stem cells. [Read the Full Post]

Inhibition of acquired-resistance hepatocellular carcinoma cell growth by combining sorafenib with phosphoinositide 3-kinase and rat sarcoma inhibitor

1116 views | Jul 06 2017

J Surg Res have showed that both inhibitors of PI3K/mTOR and RAS/ERK signaling are potentially effective antihepatocellular carcinoma drugs especially in treating sorafenib-resistant hepatocellular carcinoma. [Read the Full Post]