Blog of Signaling Pathways

Vorinostat is a member of a larger class of compounds that inhibit histone deacetylases

3443 views | Mar 06 2013

A total of 155 children were screened for enrollment in the study, with 110 children being excluded on the basis of the enrollment criteria. The predominant reasons for exclusion were based on either the age or the weight criterion. Forty-five Vorinostat children meeting enrollment criteria for the PK substudy were enrolled: 23 in the AL arm and 22 in the AQ-AS arm. [Read the Full Post]

Enzalutamide is an androgen receptor inhibitor

2058 views | Feb 27 2013

Little is known of pathways involved in upstream control of Notch1 gene expression and activity in keratinocytes, and mammalian cells in general. To address this issue we undertook a chemical genetics approach. Rather than screening a large collection of unknown chemicals, enzalutamide we chose a library of 489 compounds [Read the Full Post]

Tolbutamide is a type of medicine called a sulphonylurea

2738 views | Feb 17 2013

Surgery was performed using aseptic procedures. Anaesthesia was induced using ketamine, which was followed by 2 C5% isofluorane Tolbutamide mixed with oxygen administered by inhalation for the length of the surgical procedure. The skin and fascia were removed from the dorsal surface of the skull. [Read the Full Post]

Tolbutamide is a first generation potassium channel blocker

2655 views | Feb 01 2013

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease characterized by excessive and chronic activation of inflammatory pathways via immune Tolbutamide complex deposition, complement activation, and Fc receptor (FcR) ligation, often leading to significant clinical pathologies including glomerulonephritis [Read the Full Post]

Ridaforolimus is a smallmolecule inhibitor of mTOR

2000 views | Jan 30 2013

Upon activation of PI3-K, the serine?Cthreonine kinase phosphoinositide-dependent kinase 1 is translocated to the membrane by binding of its PH domain to the second messenger PIP3. PDK1 can activate a variety of kinases from the AGC family including PKB, p70 ribosomal S6 kinase and several Ridaforolimus isoforms of protein kinase C . [Read the Full Post]

Olaparib for the treatment of the BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene mutations in cancer

3073 views | Jan 23 2013

A broad range of pathological disorders is linked to oxidative stress, including carcinogenesis and several age-dependent disorders . Oxidative stress is defined as an imbalance Olaparib in which the production of reactive oxygen species overcomes the antioxidative cell defence system [Read the Full Post]

Src inhibitors are promising therapy molecules for human cervical carcinomas

2690 views | Jan 22 2013

Candida albicans is responsible for approximately 50% of all human life-threatening nosocomial fungal infections . Completion of its diploid genome sequence now provides a foundation for studies on C. albicans biology and SRC Inhibitors pathogenesis, and offers new opportunities for therapeutic intervention. [Read the Full Post]

Bufexamac is a drug used as an anti inflammatory agent on the skin

3550 views | Jan 21 2013

The Bufexamac importance of the HGF/c-MET pathway in the control of tissue homeostasis is supported by the well established protective activity of HGF in several degenerative diseases, including progressive nephropathies , liver cirrhosis and lung fibrosis. [Read the Full Post]

LY2140023 is a novel investigational agent for the treatment of schizophrenia

3218 views | Jan 18 2013

LY2140023 is a novel investigational agent for the treatment of schizophrenia. A member of a new class of antipsychotic drugs, LY2140023 is still in early stage clinical development. Nevertheless, analysts have hailed it as an exciting new medicine that may herald the arrival of third-generation antipsychotic drugs. [Read the Full Post]

Alvocidib is a cyclin dependent kinase inhibitor under clinical development for the treatment

1528 views | Jan 17 2013

Alvocidib is also considered a major pathogenic factor. Lipid A, also referred to as endotoxin, is the hydrophobic membrane anchor of LPS and is known to be a potent inducer of the host innate immune system [Read the Full Post]

AEB071 is a potent selective pan PKC inhibitor

4045 views | Jan 16 2013

Multiple sclerosis is a chronic and debilitating immune-mediated disease of the central nervous system . Recent epidemiological data supports the established view that the incidence of AEB071 MS peaks at about 30 years of age and that it is a disease with a positive female-to-male ratio. [Read the Full Post]

MDV3100 is an androgen receptor antagonist

2132 views | Jan 15 2013

Increased protein levels and kinase activities of Src family kinases have been observed in a wide diversity of human cancers, including melanoma, breast, ovarian, and lung cancer . The prototype SFK is c-Src, MDV3100 which is a protein tyrosine kinase from which the oncogenic viral Src is derived . [Read the Full Post]

Gamma secretase is a mult subunit protease complex

3077 views | Jan 09 2013

The network of tumor blood vessels that perfuse a solid tumor plays a fundamental role in its growth and survival. Not only do the blood vessels feed the Gamma Secretase tumor with oxygen and nutrients through the blood, they also allow for the subsequent removal of cellular waste products. [Read the Full Post]

PI3K AKT Signaling Pathways is an intracellular signalling pathway important in apoptosis

1490 views | Jan 08 2013

Classical non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as aspirin, PI3K AKT Signaling Pathways naproxen, and ibuprofen are known to reduce inflammation by blocking the formation of prostaglandins (PG) and thromboxanes through inhibition of cyclooxygenase (COX)-1 and COX-2 [1]. [Read the Full Post]

Erismodegib is an orally bioavailable small molecule

2907 views | Jan 07 2013

C Kit is a transmembrane receptor tyrosine kinase that binds stem cell factor SCF . CKit is encoded by the kit proto oncogene, localized to human chromosome and to mouse chromosome The c Kit SCF erismodegib interaction is critical for the survival and development of stem cells involved in hematopoiesis [Read the Full Post]

LY2109761 is a novel transforming growth factor

2822 views | Jan 04 2013

The JAK2V617F mutated allele is present in virtually all patients with polycythemia vera (PV) and in about 60% of those with essential thrombocythemia (ET) and primary myelofibrosis (PMF), which are the other two main clinical entities included within the group of myeloproliferative LY2109761 neoplasms. [Read the Full Post]

MEK inhibition in BRAF mutated melanoma

1968 views | Dec 24 2012

Systemic efforts to decipher the molecular mechanisms MEK inhibition of these actions led to the isolation of the mTOR protein and the identification of two multimolecular complexes that are formed bymTOR [Read the Full Post]

Activation of the HIF pathway in cancer

4149 views | Dec 20 2012

nhibiting c-MET (mesenchymal_epithelial transition factor) signaling is emerging as a promising strategy for a new class of targeted cancer therapies. Several c-MET inhibitors are in various stages of clinical development and have demonstrated activity in different tumor HIF pathway types. [Read the Full Post]

ALK inhibitors are potential anti cancer drugs that act on tumours with variations

2613 views | Dec 19 2012

The ALK (anaplastic lymphoma kinase) gene encodes a tyrosine kinase belonging to the insulin receptor superfamily. ALK is abundantly expressed in neural tissue during embryogenesis, but levels fall during early development, so that in adults it is expressed only in rare scattered neural cells (Iwahara et al., 1997; Morris et al., 1997; Webb et al., 2009; Ardini et al., 2010). [Read the Full Post]

Cells subjected to ATM inhibitor Ku55933

3427 views | Dec 18 2012

Antineoplastic drugs play an important role in cancer therapy. A growing number of patients and new fields of application have resulted in an increasing use of these agents. Most ATM inhibition antineoplastic drugs have carcinogenic, mutagenic and teratogenic properties. [Read the Full Post]