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Blog of Signaling Pathways

N-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids increase hepatic fibroblast growth factor 21 sensitivity via a PPAR-γ-β-klotho pathway

991 views | Jun 11 2018

Yang W et al. indicated n-3 PUFAs increase hepatic FGF21 sensitivity and β-klotho expression probably through a PPAR-γ-dependent mechanism, and may thereby exert hepatic beneficial effects on lipid metabolism. [Read the Full Post]

Impairment of hypoxia-induced HIF-1α signaling in keratinocytes and fibroblasts by sulfur mustard is counteracted by a selective PHD-2 inhibitor

1432 views | Jun 10 2018

Deppe J, et al. described a pathomechanism by which SM negatively affects hypoxia-stimulated HIF-1α signaling in keratinocytes and fibroblasts and thus possibly contributes to delayed wound healing in SM-injured patients that could be treated with PHD-2 inhibitors. [Read the Full Post]

Encapsulation of curcumin in polyelectrolyte nanocapsules and their neuroprotective activity

1001 views | Jun 10 2018

Szczepanowicz K et al. indicated the utility of PLL/PGA shell nanocapsules as a promising, alternative way of curcumin delivery for neuroprotective purposes with improved efficiency and reduced toxicity. [Read the Full Post]

Structural and Functional Role of Acetyltransferase hMOF K274 Autoacetylation

274 views | Jun 09 2018

McCullough CE et al. pointed to the critical and specific role of hMOF Lys-274 autoacetylation in hMOF stability and cognate substrate acetylation and argues that binding of Ac-CoA to hMOF likely drives Lys-274 autoacetylation for subsequent cognate substrate acetylation. [Read the Full Post]

The non-Geldanamycin Hsp90 inhibitors enhanced the antifungal activity of fluconazole

597 views | Jun 09 2018

Li L et al. showed that the activity of FLC against C. albicans biofilm formation in vitro is significantly enhanced when used in combination with HSP990. [Read the Full Post]

EGF-mediated EGFR/ERK signaling pathway promotes germinative cell proliferation in Echinococcus multilocularis that contributes to larval growth and development

887 views | Jun 08 2018

Cheng Z et al. demonstrated the contribution of EGF-mediated EGFR/ERK signaling to the regulation of germinative cells in E. multilocularis, and suggest the EGFR/ERK signaling as a potential therapeutic target for AE and perhaps other human cestodiasis. [Read the Full Post]

A screening assay for the identification of host cell requirements and antiviral targets for hepatitis D virus infection

390 views | Jun 08 2018

Buchmann B et al. provided a potentially useful tool to screen for substances with anti-HDV activity and novel insights into interactions between HDV replication and the human kinome. [Read the Full Post]

Epigenetic Regulation of Interleukin 6 by Histone Acetylation in Macrophages and Its Role in Paraquat-Induced Pulmonary Fibrosis

0 views | Jun 07 2018

Hu L et al. indicated that IL-6 functioning through EMT in PQ-induced pulmonary fibrosis was regulated dynamically by HDAC and HAT both in vitro and in vivo via epigenetically regulating chromatin accessibility. [Read the Full Post]

Phosphoinositide 3-Kinase Is Involved in Mediating the Anti-inflammation Effects of Vasopressin

662 views | Jun 07 2018

Jan WC et al. confirmed that PI3K, especially the isoforms of PI3Kβ, PI3Kδ, and PI3Kγ, is involved in mediating the anti-inflammatory effects of vasopressin. [Read the Full Post]

Targeting colorectal cancer cells by a novel sphingosine kinase 1 inhibitor PF-543

297 views | Jun 06 2018

Ju T et al. found that mitochondrial programmed necrosis pathway is likely the key mechanism responsible for PF-543's actions in CRC cells. [Read the Full Post]

XL413, a cell division cycle 7 kinase inhibitor enhanced the anti-fibrotic effect of pirfenidone on TGF-β1-stimulated C3H10T1/2 cells via Smad2/4

305 views | Jun 06 2018

Jin SF et al. demonstrated that pirfenidone inhibited proliferation, migration and differentiation of TGF-β1-stimulated C3H10T1/2 cells, which could be enhanced by Cdc7 inhibitor XL413, via Smad2/4. [Read the Full Post]

Hepatitis B Virus Middle Protein Enhances IL-6 Production via p38 MAPK/NF-κB Pathways in an ER Stress-Dependent Manner

308 views | Jun 05 2018

Li YX et al. provided a possibility that MHBs could be involved in liver disease progression. [Read the Full Post]

Proliferation of the human urothelium is induced by atypical β1 -adrenoceptors

366 views | Jun 05 2018

Winder M et al. showed that the urothelium expresses atypical β1-adrenoceptors that activate intracellular kinases inducing urothelial proliferation. [Read the Full Post]

Signaling effects of sodium hydrosulfide in healthy donor peripheral blood mononuclear cells

378 views | Jun 04 2018

Sulen A et al. provided a description of a NaHS-induced signal transduction pathway in human primary immune cells that may have relevance for the role of sulfides in inflammation. [Read the Full Post]

ADAMTS13 and 15 are not regulated by the full length and N-terminal domain forms of TIMP-1, -2, -3 and -4

369 views | Jun 04 2018

Guo C et al. indicated that TIMPs are not the regulators of these two ADAMTS proteinases. [Read the Full Post]

A novel hypoxia-selective epigenetic agent RRx-001 triggers apoptosis and overcomes drug resistance in multiple myeloma cells

397 views | Jun 03 2018

Das DS et al. provided the rationale for translation of RRx-001, either alone or in combination, to clinical evaluation in MM. [Read the Full Post]

USP7 inhibitor P5091 inhibits Wnt signaling and colorectal tumor growth

369 views | Jun 03 2018

An T et al. indicated that USP7 could be a potential drug target and its inhibitor P5091 deserves further development as anticancer agent for Wnt hyper-activated CRC therapy. [Read the Full Post]

FcγRIIB-Independent Mechanisms Controlling Membrane Localization of the Inhibitory Phosphatase SHIP in Human B Cells

339 views | Jun 02 2018

Pauls SD et al. indicated that FcγRIIB is not uniquely able to promote membrane recruitment of SHIP, but rather modulates its function via formation of distinct signaling complexes. [Read the Full Post]

WIP1 modulates responsiveness to Sonic Hedgehog signaling in neuronal precursor cells and medulloblastoma

411 views | Jun 02 2018

Wen J et al. suggested an important cross-talk between SHH and WIP1 pathways that accelerates tumorigenesis and supports WIP1 inhibition as a potential treatment strategy for MB. [Read the Full Post]

Targeting HSF1 disrupts HSP90 chaperone function in chronic lymphocytic leukemia

445 views | Jun 01 2018

Ganguly S et al. provided a strong rationale to target HSF1 and test the activity of minnelide against human CLL. [Read the Full Post]