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Blog of Signaling Pathways

The antibiotic polymyxin B exhibits novel antifungal activity against Fusarium species

0 views | Dec 23 2018

Hsu LH et al. found that PMB was fungicidal against all 12 Fusarium strains, with minimum fungicidal concentrations of 32 µg/mL or 64 µg/mL for most strains tested, as evidenced by broth dilution, methylene blue staining and XTT reduction assays. PMB can reduce the germination rates of conidia, but not chlamydospores, and can cause defects in cell membrane integrity in Fusarium strains. [Read the Full Post]

WIP1 modulates responsiveness to Sonic Hedgehog signaling in neuronal precursor cells and medulloblastoma

0 views | Dec 23 2018

Wen J et al. found that Wip1 knockdown or treatment with a WIP1 inhibitor suppressed the effects of Shh stimulation and potentiated the growth inhibitory effects of SHH pathway-inhibiting drugs in Shh-activated MB cells in vitro. [Read the Full Post]

WNT5A: a motility-promoting factor in Hodgkin lymphoma

276 views | Dec 22 2018

Linke F et al. proposed a model where WNT signaling has an important role in regulating tumor-promoting processes. [Read the Full Post]

Regulation of XIAP Turnover Reveals a Role for USP11 in Promotion of Tumorigenesis

0 views | Dec 22 2018

Zhou Z et al. proposed that aberrant USP11, via stabilization of XIAP, promotes tumor initiation and progression. [Read the Full Post]

Cell-based assay system for high-throughput screening of anti-photo-aging agents in fibroblast transfectants

0 views | Dec 21 2018

Lee S et al. revealed that CCN1-GFs treated with sclareol showed decreased levels of UVB-induced CCN1 expression. [Read the Full Post]

Inhibition of Chk1 with the small molecule inhibitor V158411 induces DNA damage and cell death in an unperturbed S-phase

235 views | Dec 21 2018

Wayne J et al. identified two distinct classes of Chk1 inhibitors: those that induced a strong increase in γH2AX, pChk1 (S317) and pRPA32 (S4/S8) (including V158411, LY2603618 and ARRY-1A) and those that did not (including MK-8776 and GNE-900). [Read the Full Post]

Differential effects of histone deacetylase inhibitors on cellular drug transporters and their implications for using epigenetic modifiers in combination chemotherapy

334 views | Dec 20 2018

Valdez BC et al. further implied the possibility of antagonistic effects when HDAC inhibitors are combined with anthracyclines and other MDR1 drug ligands in chemotherapy. [Read the Full Post]

Dual inhibition of PI3K and mTOR by VS-5584 suppresses thrombus formation

158 views | Dec 19 2018

Später T et al. demonstrated that VS-5584 is a potent inhibitor of primary hemostasis targeting multiple platelet functions. [Read the Full Post]

FBW7 mutations mediate resistance of colorectal cancer to targeted therapies by blocking Mcl-1 degradation

0 views | Dec 19 2018

Tong J et al. demonstrated FBW7 mutational status as a key genetic determinant of CRC response to targeted therapies, and Mcl-1 as an attractive therapeutic target. [Read the Full Post]

Protease-activated receptor-2 promotes kidney tubular epithelial inflammation by inhibiting autophagy via the PI3K/Akt/mTOR signalling pathway

295 views | Dec 18 2018

Du C et al. suggested that PAR2 inhibition may play a role in the treatment of diseases with increased inflammatory responses in renal systems. [Read the Full Post]

PI3K Catalytic Isoform Alteration Promotes the LIMK1-related Metastasis Through the PAK1 or ROCK1/2 Activation in Cigarette Smoke-exposed Ovarian Cancer Cells

0 views | Dec 18 2018

Park GB et al. showed that characterization of the p110 isotypes of PI3K is critical for regulating cancer metastasis; LIMK1 could be a common therapeutic target of ovarian cancer metastasis. [Read the Full Post]

MicroRNA-24-1 suppresses mouse hepatoma cell invasion and metastasis via directly targeting O-GlcNAc transferase

150 views | Dec 17 2018

Liu Y et al. suggested that as a tumor suppressor, miR-24-1 may regulate mouse hepatocarcinoma cells migration and invasion, at least partially through targeting OGT, which could regulate the O-GlcNAcylation and the stability of this oncoprotein c-Myc. This may give insight into a novel mechanism and therapy of tumor lymphatic metastasis. [Read the Full Post]

SIRT1 prevents hyperuricemia via the PGC-1α/PPARγ-ABCG2 pathway

431 views | Dec 17 2018

Wang J et al. demonstrated that SIRT1 and its activator, RSV, have clear anti-hyperuricemia functions in this mouse model. One possible mechanism is the activation of ABCG2 in the ileum through the PGC-1α/PPARγ pathway. [Read the Full Post]

Microengineered cultures containing human hepatic stellate cells and hepatocytes for drug development

186 views | Dec 16 2018

Davidson MD et al. found that NADPH oxidase (NOX) inhibition and farnesoid X receptor (FXR) activation using clinically relevant drugs alleviated hepatic dysfunctions in MPTCs. In conclusion, MPTCs recapitulate symptoms of NASH- and early fibrosis-like dysfunctions in PHHs and have utility for drug discovery in this space. [Read the Full Post]

Spinal Glutamate Transporters Are Involved in the Development of Electroacupuncture Tolerance

272 views | Dec 16 2018

Cui L et al. indicated the participation of the spinal GTs in EAT. [Read the Full Post]

Leishmania donovani Aurora kinase: A promising therapeutic target against visceral leishmaniasis

242 views | Dec 15 2018

Chhajer R et al. identified an Aurora kinase homolog in L. donovani implicated in cell-cycle progression, whose inhibition led to aberrant changes in cell-cycle progression and reduced viability. [Read the Full Post]

FAM83A is amplified and promotes cancer stem cell-like traits and chemoresistance in pancreatic cancer

383 views | Dec 15 2018

Chen S et al. indicated that FAM83A has a vital oncogenic role to promote pancreatic cancer progression and may represent a potential clinical target. [Read the Full Post]

PI3Kδ and PI3Kγ isoforms have distinct functions in regulating pro-tumoural signalling in the multiple myeloma microenvironment

189 views | Dec 14 2018

Piddock RE et al. reported that PI3Kδ and PI3Kγ isoforms have distinct functions in MM and that combined PI3kδ/γ isoform inhibition has anti-MM activity. Here we provide a scientific rationale for trials of dual PI3kδ/γ inhibition in patients with MM. [Read the Full Post]

Identification of DNA-PKcs as a primary resistance factor of TIC10 in hepatocellular carcinoma cells

288 views | Dec 14 2018

Cheng L et al. found that TIC10 showed promising anti-HCC activity, alone or together with DNA-PKcs inhibitors. [Read the Full Post]

Heme oxygenase-1 mitigates ferroptosis in renal proximal tubule cells

177 views | Dec 13 2018

Adedoyin O et al. demonstrated an important antiferroptotic role of HO-1 in renal epithelial cells. [Read the Full Post]