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Blog of Signaling Pathways

Synergistic effects of selective inhibitors targeting the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway or NUP214-ABL1 fusion protein in human Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

0 views | Apr 07 2018

Simioni C et al. found that co-targeting NUP214-ABL1 fusion gene and PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway could represent a new and effective pharmacological strategy to improve the outcome in NUP214-ABL1 positive T-ALL. [Read the Full Post]

Cancer-associated fibroblasts attenuate Cisplatin-induced apoptosis in ovarian cancer cells by promoting STAT3 signaling

632 views | Apr 06 2018

Yan H et al. suggested that CAFs could activate the anti-apoptotic STAT3 signaling, thereby decrease the Cisplatin-induced apoptosis and promote chemoresistance in ovarian cancer. [Read the Full Post]

Neuroprotective effects of piperine on the 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine-induced Parkinson's disease mouse model.

0 views | Apr 06 2018

Yang W et al. showed that piperine exerts a protective effect on dopaminergic neurons via antioxidant, anti-apoptotic, and anti-inflammatory mechanisms in an MPTP-induced mouse model of PD [Read the Full Post]

In situ electrochemical evaluation of dsDNA interaction with the anticancer drug danusertib nitrenium radical product using the DNA-electrochemical biosensor

2022 views | Apr 05 2018

Diculescu VC et al. indicated the danusertib nitrenium cation radical redox metabolite was covalently attached to the C8 of guanine residues preventing their oxidation. An interaction mechanism of dsDNA-danusertib is proposed and the formation of the danusertib redox nitrenium radical metabolite-guanine adduct explained. [Read the Full Post]

Targeting Autophagy Sensitizes BRAF-Mutant Thyroid Cancer to Vemurafenib

520 views | Apr 05 2018

Wang W et al. demonstrated that vemurafenib induces ER stress response-mediated autophagy in thyroid cancer and autophagy inhibition may be a beneficial strategy to sensitize BRAF-mutant thyroid cancer to vemurafenib. [Read the Full Post]

Induction of p53-independent apoptosis by ectopic expression of HOXA5 in human liposarcomas

352 views | Apr 04 2018

Lee DH et al. demonstrated for the first time that the downregulation of HOXA5 in LPS cells, partly by overexpression of miR-26a-2 in DDLPS, confers LPS cells resistance to apoptotic death. [Read the Full Post]

Dietary Fisetin Supplementation Protects Against Alcohol-Induced Liver Injury in Mice

727 views | Apr 04 2018

Sun Q et al. suggested that fisetin has a therapeutical potential for treating ALD. [Read the Full Post]

Novel MDM2 inhibitor SAR405838 (MI-773) induces p53-mediated apoptosis in neuroblastoma

544 views | Apr 03 2018

Lu J et al. suggested that MDM2-specific inhibitors like SAR405838 may serve not only as a stand-alone therapy, but also as an effective adjunct to current chemotherapeutic regimens for treating NB with an intact MDM2-p53 axis. [Read the Full Post]

Sensitization of melanoma cells to alkylating agent-induced DNA damage and cell death via orchestrating oxidative stress and IKKβ inhibition

887 views | Apr 03 2018

Tse AK et al. illustrated a new direction in nitrosourea treatment, and reveal that the combination of ROS-inducing IKKβ inhibitors with nitrosoureas can be potentially exploited for melanoma therapy. [Read the Full Post]

Critical role of CXCL4 in the lung pathogenesis of influenza (H1N1) respiratory infection

927 views | Apr 02 2018

Guo L et al. identified CXCL4 as a vital immunoregulatory chemokine essential for protecting mice against influenza A virus infection, especially as it affects the development of lung injury and neutrophil mobilization to the inflamed lung. [Read the Full Post]

HER Family Receptors are Important Theranostic Biomarkers for Cervical Cancer: Blocking Glucose Metabolism Enhances the Therapeutic Effect of HER Inhibitors

728 views | Apr 02 2018

Martinho O et al. proposed that the use of HER inhibitors in association with glycolysis blockers can be a potentially effective treatment option for HER-positive cervical cancer patients. [Read the Full Post]

Establishment and antitumor effects of dasatinib and PKI-587 in BD-138T, a patient-derived muscle invasive bladder cancer preclinical platform with concomitant EGFR amplification and PTEN deletion

444 views | Apr 01 2018

Chang N et al. demonstrated that dasatinib and PKI-587 might serve as promising anticancer drug candidates for treating MIBC with combined EGFR gene amplification and PTEN deletion. [Read the Full Post]

Adiponectin promotes human jaw bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell chemotaxis via CXCL1 and CXCL8

0 views | Apr 01 2018

Pu Y et al. supported the above results. Our data suggest that APN can promote h-JBMMSC chemotaxis by up-regulating CXCL1 and CXCL8. [Read the Full Post]

The Novel PIM1 Inhibitor NMS-P645 Reverses PIM1-Dependent Effects on TMPRSS2/ERG Positive Prostate Cancer Cells And Shows Anti-Proliferative Activity in Combination with PI3K Inhibition

904 views | Mar 31 2018

Mologni L et al. supported the use of combination strategies with PIM and PI3K inhibitors as effective treatment for PCa cases. [Read the Full Post]

Antisense oligonucleotide-mediated MDM4 exon 6 skipping impairs tumor growth

569 views | Mar 31 2018

Dewaele M et al. concluded that enhanced MDM4 exon 6 inclusion is a common oncogenic event and has potential as a clinically compatible therapeutic target. [Read the Full Post]

A Novel TGR5 Activator WB403 Promotes GLP-1 Secretion and Preserves Pancreatic β-Cells in Type 2 Diabetic Mice

533 views | Mar 30 2018

Zheng C et al. demonstrated that TGR5 activator WB403 effectively promoted GLP-1 release, improved hyperglycemia and preserved the mass and function of pancreatic β-cells, whereas it did not show a significant side effect on gallbladder. [Read the Full Post]

Retinoic acid promotes expression of germline-specific genes in chicken blastoderm cells by stimulating Smad1/5 phosphorylation in a feeder-free culture system

0 views | Mar 30 2018

Tang X et al. demonstrated that E8 medium is able to maintain cBC growth for weeks and RA treatment induced germ cell differentiation of cBCs through the BMP-Smad1/5 signaling pathway. [Read the Full Post]

FYN promotes breast cancer progression through epithelial-mesenchymal transition

1301 views | Mar 29 2018

Xie YG et al. found that FYN was overexpressed in breast cancer and overexpression of FYN promoted cell proliferation, migration and invasion in the MCF10A cells, whereas depletion of FYN suppressed cell proliferation, migration and invasion in the MDA-MB-231 cells. Moreover, FYN upregulated the expression of mesenchymal markers and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-related transcription factors, and downregulated the expression of epithelial markers, suggesting that FYN induces EMT in breast cancer cells. Furthermore, FYN was transcriptionally regulated by FOXO1 and mediated FGF2-induced EMT through both the PI3K/AKT and ERK/MAPK pathways. [Read the Full Post]

Tsc1 expression by dendritic cells is required to preserve T-cell homeostasis and response

0 views | Mar 28 2018

Luo Y et al. identified Tsc1 as a crucial signaling checkpoint in DCs essential for preserving T-cell homeostasis and response. [Read the Full Post]

Significance of alpha smooth muscle actin expression in traumatic painful neuromas: a pilot study in rats

439 views | Mar 28 2018

Weng W et al. provided new insights into the development of new treatment modalities for the management of intractable painful neuromas. [Read the Full Post]