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Blog of Signaling Pathways

Koumine enhances spinal cord 3α-hydroxysteroid oxidoreductase expression and activity in a rat model of neuropathic pain

1378 views | Sep 19 2017

Qiu HQ et al. demonstrated that 3α-HSOR is an important molecular target of koumine for alleviating neuropathic pain. Koumine may prove a promising compound for the development of novel analgesic agents effective against intractable neuropathic pain. [Read the Full Post]

K45A mutation of RIPK1 results in poor necroptosis and cytokine signaling in macrophages, which impacts inflammatory responses in vivo

0 views | Sep 18 2017

Shutinoski B et al. indicated that K45 mediated kinase activity of RIPK1 is not only important for necroptosis but it also has a key role in promoting cytokine signaling and host response to inflammatory stimuli. [Read the Full Post]

Multiplexed Fluorescence Imaging of ERK and Akt Activities and Cell-cycle Progression

0 views | Sep 18 2017

Maryu G et al. provided a useful tool for quantifying the dynamics among ERK and Akt activities and the cell cycle in a live cell, and for addressing the mechanisms underlying intrinsic resistance to molecularly targeted drugs. [Read the Full Post]

Evaluation of the Therapeutic Potential of the Novel Isotype Specific HDAC Inhibitor 4SC-202 in Urothelial Carcinoma Cell Lines.

1182 views | Sep 17 2017

Pinkerneil M et al. combined inhibition of HDAC1, HDAC2 and HDAC3 seems to be a promising treatment strategy for UC. [Read the Full Post]

Erianin induces G2/M-phase arrest, apoptosis, and autophagy via the ROS/JNK signaling pathway in human osteosarcoma cells in vitro and in vivo

932 views | Sep 17 2017

Wang H et al. found that erianin may be a promising agent for anticancer therapy against OS. [Read the Full Post]

Paeoniflorin protects diabetic mice against myocardial ischemic injury via the transient receptor potential vanilloid 1/calcitonin gene-related peptide pathway

0 views | Sep 16 2017

Han F et al. demonstrated that PF protects diabetic mice against MI at least partially via the TRPV1/CaMK/CREB/CGRP signaling pathway. [Read the Full Post]

Transcript, methylation and molecular docking analyses of the effects of HDAC inhibitors, SAHA and Dacinostat, on SMN2 expression in fibroblasts of SMA patients

0 views | Sep 16 2017

Mohseni J et al. showed that SAHA and Dacinostat increased SMN2 transcript and protein levels and promoted demethylation of the SMN2 gene. [Read the Full Post]

Serpine2, a potential novel target for combating melanoma metastasis

0 views | Sep 15 2017

Wu QW et al. suggested a novel mechanism underlying the metastasis of melanoma cells which might serve as a new intervention target for the treatment of melanoma. [Read the Full Post]

The Enhancement of Radiation Sensitivity in Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma Cells via Activation of the Rac1/NADPH Signaling Pathway

708 views | Sep 15 2017

Wang C et al. indicate that the Rac1 protein may be the key target involved in the radiosensitization of nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells. [Read the Full Post]

Involvement of PARK2-Mediated Mitophagy in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis Pathogenesis

0 views | Sep 14 2017

Kobayashi K et al. suggested that insufficient mitophagy-mediated PDGFR/PI3K/AKT activation, which is mainly attributed to reduced PARK2 expression, is a potent underlying mechanism for myofibroblast differentiation and proliferation in fibroblastic foci formation during IPF pathogenesis. [Read the Full Post]

HMGB1 exacerbates bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome via RAGE/NF-κB/HPSE signaling to enhance latent TGF-β release from ECM

0 views | Sep 14 2017

He L et al. suggested that HMGB1 and HPSE could be viable targets for prevention and intervention of fibrotic diseases such BOS after lung transplantation. [Read the Full Post]

Atg7 Knockdown Augments Concanavalin A-Induced Acute Hepatitis through an ROS-Mediated p38/MAPK Pathway

765 views | Sep 13 2017

Zhuang Y et al. revealed that autophagy may attenuate macrophage-mediated inflammatory response to ConA and may be the potential therapeutic targets for acute liver injury. [Read the Full Post]

Overexpression of cannabinoid receptor 1 promotes renal cell carcinoma progression

650 views | Sep 13 2017

Wang J et al. suggested that CB1 might be a potential target for RCC clinical therapy. [Read the Full Post]

miR-203 inhibits arecoline-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition by regulating secreted frizzled-related protein 4 and transmembrane-4 L six family member 1 in oral submucous fibrosis

745 views | Sep 12 2017

Zheng L et al. provideD evidence to illustrate that miR-203 plays a role in the pathogenesis of OSF, which may be a target for OSF management. [Read the Full Post]

Intrathecal Intermittent Orexin-A Causes Sympathetic Long-Term Facilitation and Sensitizes the Peripheral Chemoreceptor Response to Hypoxia in Rats

1044 views | Sep 12 2017

Kim SJ et al. revealed that the activation of spinal orexin receptors is critical to enhance peripheral chemoreceptor responses to hypoxia after AIH. [Read the Full Post]

Tracking gastrointestinal transit of solids in aged rats as pharmacological models of chronic dysmotility

1248 views | Sep 11 2017

Dalziel JE et al. demonstrated that loperamide slowed overall transit in aged rats, while prucalopride increased stomach emptying and accelerates colonic transit. [Read the Full Post]

Riluzole partially rescues age-associated, but not LPS-induced, loss of glutamate transporters and spatial memory

1077 views | Sep 11 2017

Brothers HM et al. showed that highlight the therapeutic potential of reducing glutamatergic function upon memory impairment in neurodegenerative diseases associated with aging. [Read the Full Post]

Anterior-Posterior Patterning of Definitive Endoderm Generated from Human Embryonic Stem Cells Depends on the Differential Signaling of Retinoic Acid, Wnt-, and BMP-Signaling

1191 views | Sep 10 2017

Davenport C et al. provided new insights into the mechanisms behind cell specification of human DE derived from pluripotent stem cells. VHL deficiency is dependent on HIF activation. Moreover, HIF1α or HIF2α overexpression in CC-RCCVHL cells is sufficient to sensitize them to ROCK inhibition. Finally, Y-27632 treatment inhibited growth of subcutaneous 786-OT1 CC-RCC tumors in mice. Thus, ROCK inhibitors represent potential therapeutics for VHL-deficient CC-RCC. [Read the Full Post]

Autophagy-mediated clearance of ubiquitinated mutant huntingtin by graphene oxide

713 views | Sep 10 2017

Jin P et al. revealed a novel biological function of GO and may have implications for developing nanomaterial-based therapeutics for neurodegenerative diseases. [Read the Full Post]

Hyperthermia reduces migration of osteosarcoma by suppression of autocrine motility factor

1286 views | Sep 09 2017

Nakajima K et al. indicated hyperthermia reduced AMF expression and tumor cell motility via HSP27 and may therefore be applied as osteosarcoma treatment. [Read the Full Post]