Blog of Signaling Pathways

Calcium Signaling Mediated by Aminergic GPCRs Is Impaired by the PI3K Inhibitor LY294002 and Its Analog LY303511 in a PI3K-independent Manner

286 views | Jun 13 2020

Polina D Kotova et al. found that LY303511 and LY294002 should be used cautiously in studies of PI3K as a factor of GPCR signaling. [Read the Full Post]

Network Indirect Comparison of 3 BRAF + MEK Inhibitors for the Treatment of Advanced BRAF Mutated Melanoma

466 views | Jun 12 2020

F Consoli et al. suggested a similar efficacy and a slightly different safety profile, related to specific molecular properties of the three different BRAF and MEK inhibitors currently approved in the management of advanced MM. [Read the Full Post]

AXL Controls Directed Migration of Mesenchymal Triple-Negative Breast Cancer Cells

308 views | Jun 11 2020

Olivier Zajac et al. demonstrated that AXL controls directed cell migration most likely by regulating cell polarity. [Read the Full Post]

Combined Therapy of AXL and HDAC Inhibition Reverses Mesenchymal Transition in Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma

376 views | Jun 11 2020

Michaël H Meel et al. found that combined inhibition of AXL and HDACs in DIPG cells results in a synergistic antitumor effect by reversing their mesenchymal, stem cell-like, therapy-resistant phenotype. [Read the Full Post]

The Effects of NLRP3 Inflammasome Inhibition by MCC950 on LPS-induced Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma Inflammation

300 views | Jun 10 2020

Alan Cheuk Keong Yaw et al. showed there was a dynamic interaction between inflammasome that regulated inflammasome-mediated inflammation in pancreatic adenocarcinoma cells. [Read the Full Post]

Evaluation of Musculoskeletal Phenotype of the G608G Progeria Mouse Model With Lonafarnib, Pravastatin, and Zoledronic Acid as Treatment Groups

281 views | Jun 10 2020

Maria B Cubria et al. characterized the musculoskeletal phenotype of the homozygous G608G BAC-transgenic progeria mouse model, and determined the phenotype changes of HGPS mice after a five-arm preclinical trial of different treatment combinations with lonafarnib, pravastatin, and zoledronic acid. [Read the Full Post]

The Application of Ferroptosis in Diseases

248 views | Jun 09 2020

Yangmin Qiu et al. summarized the mechanism of ferroptosis regulation and relevance to pathological physiology. [Read the Full Post]

TGF-β1-mediated Repression of SLC7A11 Drives Vulnerability to GPX4 Inhibition in Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cells

415 views | Jun 09 2020

Do Hyung Kim et al. showed that TGF-β1 repressed xCT expression via Smad3 activation and enhanced lipid peroxidation in hepatocellular carcinoma cells with an early TGF-β1 signature, which would benefit from the targeting of GPX4. [Read the Full Post]

Real-World Treatment Patterns and Progression-Free Survival Associated With Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase (ALK) Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Therapies for ALK+ Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

396 views | Jun 08 2020

Mohammad Jahanzeb et al. found that median rwPFS in patients with advanced ALK+ NSCLC was < 8 months for first- and second-line ALK TKI therapy and was even shorter in patients with brain metastasis, highlighting the need for more effective treatments in this patient population. [Read the Full Post]

Sulfobutylether-β-cyclodextrin /5,10,15,20-tetrakis(1-methylpyridinium-4-yl)porphine Nanoassemblies With Sustained Antimicrobial Phototherapeutic Action

460 views | Jun 08 2020

Roberto Zagami et al. proposed the design and characterization of a novel nanophototherapeutic based on the trade cyclodextrin CAPTISOL® (sulfobutylether-beta-cyclodextrin, SBE-βCD) and 5,10,15,20-tetrakis(1-methylpyridinium-4-yl)porphine tetrakis(p-toluenesulfonate) (TMPyP) to fabricate efficient biocompatible systems for aPDT. [Read the Full Post]

Ocular Side Effects of Target Therapy and Immunotherapy in Patients With Cutaneous Malignant Melanoma

333 views | Jun 07 2020

Jennifer Eikenberry et al. highlighted the frequency of ocular side effects in patients treated with target therapy and immunotherapy for CMM and showed that symptom resolution could be effectively achieved with proper ophthalmic care. [Read the Full Post]

Loss of HAT1 Expression Confers BRAFV600E Inhibitor Resistance to Melanoma Cells by Activating MAPK Signaling via IGF1R

370 views | Jun 07 2020

Suresh Bugide et al. showed that the loss of HAT1 expression confered acquired BRAFi resistance by activating the MAPK signaling pathway via IGF1R. [Read the Full Post]

Generation of Liver Bipotential Organoids With a Small-Molecule Cocktail

714 views | Jun 05 2020

Xin Wang et al. demonstrated that Wnt/β-catenin, NMII-Rac, and PKA-ERK are core signaling pathways essential and sufficient for mouse liver progenitor expansion. [Read the Full Post]

Exploring the Relevance of Senotherapeutics for the Current SARS-CoV-2 Emergency and Similar Future Global Health Threats

748 views | Jun 05 2020

Marco Malavolta et al. explored the idea that an exacerbated inflammatory response, in particular that mediated by IL-6, migtht drive the deleterious consequences of the infection. [Read the Full Post]

HMGB1-induced Aberrant Autophagy Contributes to Insulin Resistance in Granulosa Cells in PCOS

482 views | Jun 04 2020

Chuyue Zhang et al. indicated that increased HMGB1 contributes to IR development in granulosa cells of PCOS patients, which was associated with exacerbation of autophagy by HMGB1. Control of HMGB1 production might be benefical for the improvement of insulin sensitivity in granulosa cells in PCOS. [Read the Full Post]

Berberine Represses Human Gastric Cancer Cell Growth in Vitro and in Vivo by Inducing Cytostatic Autophagy via Inhibition of MAPK/mTOR/p70S6K and Akt Signaling Pathways

421 views | Jun 04 2020

Qiang Zhang et al. indicated that berberine repressed human gastric cancer cell growth in vitro and in vivo by inducing cytostatic autophagy via inhibition of MAPK/mTOR/p70S6K and Akt, and provided a molecular basis for the treatment of gastric cancer. [Read the Full Post]

Phase I Trial of Alpelisib in Combination With Concurrent Cisplatin-Based Chemoradiotherapy in Patients With Locoregionally Advanced Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck

228 views | Jun 03 2020

D Day et al. found that Alpelisib at 200 mg has a manageable safety profile in combination with cisplatin-based CRT in LA-SCCHN. [Read the Full Post]

The Novel Dual BET/HDAC Inhibitor TW09 Mediates Cell Death by Mitochondrial Apoptosis in Rhabdomyosarcoma Cells

271 views | Jun 03 2020

Stephanie Laszig et al. found that TW09 showed potent antitumor activity in RMS cells in vitro by inducing mitochondrial apoptosis and might represent a promising new therapeutic option for the treatment of RMS. [Read the Full Post]

Cell Cycle Arrest and Apoptosis Are Not Dependent on p53 Prior to p53-dependent Embryonic Stem Cell Differentiation

1070 views | Jun 02 2020

Sushil K Jaiswal et al. found that the multiple roles of p53 in cell cycle regulation and apoptosis were first acquired during pluripotent stem cell differentiation. [Read the Full Post]

Pyruvate Anaplerosis Is a Mechanism of Resistance to Pharmacological Glutaminase Inhibition in Triple-Receptor Negative Breast Cancer

359 views | Jun 02 2020

Dean C Singleton et al. highlighted the potential influence that both circulating and tumour-derived pyruvate could have on glutaminase inhibitor efficacy. Furthermore, they highlighted the benefits of 3D spheroid cultures to model the features of the tumour microenvironment and improved the in vitro investigation of cancer metabolism-targeted therapeutics. [Read the Full Post]