Idelalisib (CAL-101, GS-1101)
Molecular Weight(MW): 415.42
Idelalisib (CAL-101, GS-1101) is a selective p110δ inhibitor with IC50 of 2.5 nM in cell-free assays; shown to have 40- to 300-fold greater selectivity for p110δ than p110α/β/γ, and 400- to 4000-fold more selectivity to p110δ than C2β, hVPS34, DNA-PK and mTOR.
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|Description||Idelalisib (CAL-101, GS-1101) is a selective p110δ inhibitor with IC50 of 2.5 nM in cell-free assays; shown to have 40- to 300-fold greater selectivity for p110δ than p110α/β/γ, and 400- to 4000-fold more selectivity to p110δ than C2β, hVPS34, DNA-PK and mTOR.|
CAL-101 is not sensitive to other PI3K class I subunits including p110α, p110β, and p110γ. CAL-101 specifically blocks FcϵR1 p110δ-mediated CD63 expression with an EC50 of 8 nM in primary basophil. CAL-101 exhibits greater activity in B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) and chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells compared with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN) cells. CAL-101 produces the reduction in pAktS473, pAktT308, and the downstream target S6 in SU-DHL-5, KARPAS-422 and CCRF-SB cells with EC50 of 0.1 to 1.0 μM.  CAL-101 induces selective cytotoxicity in CLL cells independent of IgVH mutational status or interphase cytogenetics, primarily through a caspase-dependent mechanism. CAL-101 induces cytotoxicity preferentially to CLL cells compared with normal B cells, without producing cytotoxicity in other hematopoietic cells, compared to LY294002. CAL-101 lacks direct cytotoxic potential to T cells and nature killer (NK) cells. CAL-101 can inhibit production of inflammatory cytokines, such as IL-6, IL-10, TNF-α, and IFN-γ, and activation-induced cytokines, such as CD40L. CAL-101 also antagonizes CD40L-mediated CLL cell survival.  CAL-101 induces an accumulation of cells in G1 and a decrease in the S-phase population in L1236 and L591 cells, which indicates CAL-101 as a novel strategy for the treatment of hodgkin lymphoma (HL). 
PI3K assay:PI3K assay is preformed on whole-cell lysates from CLL or normal B cells. A PI3K ELISA assay is performed. Briefly, whole-cell extracts are added to a mixture of PI(4,5)P2 substrate and reaction buffer containing adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and allowed to incubate at room temperature. The reaction is stopped by adding PI(3,4,5)P3 detector mixed with EDTA (ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid) and allowed to incubate at room temperature for 1 hour. After this time, the mixture is transferred from each well to a PI3K ELISA plate and allowed to incubate 1 hour. Plates are washed and then incubated with secondary detector for 30 minutes. Plates are washed again, and 3,3′,5,5′-tetramethylbenzidine solution is added for 5 minutes at which time H2SO4 is added to stop all reactions. Plates are read at 450 nm on a Labsystems 96-well plate reader.
|In vitro||DMSO||83 mg/mL warmed (199.79 mM)|
|Ethanol||23 mg/mL (55.36 mM)|
|In vivo||Add solvents to the product individually and in order(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
30% PEG 400 (dissolve first)+0.5% Tween 80+5% Propylene glycol
For best results, use promptly after mixing.
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
Calculate the mass, volume or concentration required for a solution. The Selleck molarity calculator is based on the following equation:
Mass (mg) = Concentration (mM) × Volume (mL) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)
*When preparing stock solutions, please always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the via label and MSDS / COA (available on product pages).
Calculate the dilution required to prepare a stock solution. The Selleck dilution calculator is based on the following equation:
Concentration (start) x Volume (start) = Concentration (final) x Volume (final)
This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )
* When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and MSDS / COA (available online).
Molecular Weight Calculator
Enter the chemical formula of a compound to calculate its molar mass and elemental composition:
Tip: Chemical formula is case sensitive. C10H16N2O2 c10h16n2o2
Instructions to calculate molar mass (molecular weight) of a chemical compound:
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Definitions of molecular mass, molecular weight, molar mass and molar weight:
Molecular mass (molecular weight) is the mass of one molecule of a substance and is expressed in the unified atomic mass units (u). (1 u is equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12)
Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol.
Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||interventions||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT03639324||Not yet recruiting||Drug: Rituximab Idelalisib and Venetoclax||Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia|CLL|Relapsed CLL|Refractory Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia|Relapsed Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia||Virginia Commonwealth University||September 30 2019||Phase 1|
|NCT03582098||Completed||Drug: Idelalisib|Drug: Rituximab||Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia||Gilead Sciences||September 12 2018||--|
|NCT03151057||Recruiting||Drug: Idelalisib 100 MG|Drug: Placebo Oral Tablet||B Cells-Tumors|B Cell Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia|Follicular Lymphoma|Mantle Cell Lymphoma|Large B-Cell Diffuse Lymphoma of Bone (Diagnosis)||Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins|Gilead Sciences||July 31 2018||Phase 1|
|NCT03568929||Recruiting||Drug: Idelalisib||Follicular Non-Hodgkin''s Lymphoma Refractory||Gilead Sciences||May 25 2018||--|
|NCT03310190||Recruiting||--||Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia||AbbVie||January 10 2018||--|
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
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Frequently Asked Questions
What is the recommended dose of CAL-101 and the route of administration for mouse studies?
According to the following paper, S2226 can be used by I.V. administration at the concentration of 40 mg/kg. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24625684