Catalog No.S1228 Synonyms: 4-demethoxydaunorubicin (NSC256439, 4-DMDR) HCl
Molecular Weight(MW): 533.95
Idarubicin HCl is a hydrochloride salt form of Idarubicin which is an anthracycline antibiotic and a DNA topoisomerase II (topo II) inhibitor for MCF-7 cells with IC50 of 3.3 ng/mL in a cell-free assay.
Cited by 10 Publications
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Sensitivity of AML cells to conventional induction treatment and small-molecule p53 activators. Cell viability in OCI-AML3 cells treated for 24 hours with cytarabin/idarubicin (CI) and Nultin-3A (Nut; A), CI and Leptomycin-B (LMB; B), or Nut and LMB (D), respectively. CI was tested at 0, 100, 200, and 300 nmol/L CI; Nutlin-3A at 0, 2.5, 5, 7.5; and LMB at 0, 2, 8, 32 ng/mL in dosages 0, 1, 2, and 3, respectively. Cell viability in normal and AML bone marrow cells.
Clin Cancer Res, 2016, 22(3):746-56.. Idarubicin HCl purchased from Selleck.
TP53 pathway deficiency promotes resistance to venetoclax and chemotherapy combinations. Wild-type FDM (WT) and (a, c) Tp53 knockout FDM (p53 KO) or (b, d) Noxa/Puma double knockout (DKO) cells were incubated with venetoclax (VEN) and (a, b) cytarabine (Ara-C) or (c, d) idarubicin at concentrations indicated. Flow cytometric analysis of cell death was performed at 24 h. The solid bars represent WT cells; the faded bars (a, c) Tp53 KO or (b, d) Noxa/Puma DKO cells. Error bars represent the mean ±s.d. of a representative experiment run in duplicate, performed twice.
Leukemia, 2018, 32(2):303-312. Idarubicin HCl purchased from Selleck.
Idarubicin mainly induces necrotic cell death in APL cells. NB4 (a) and HL-60 (b) cells were treated with or without ATRA for 48 h, followed by incubating with different concentrations of Idarubicin (IDR) for another 24 h. The apoptosis cells were analyzed by FACS stained with PI/Annexin V kit. Representative flow diagrams (left) were shown, and the quantified graph (right) was from three independent experiments. *P < 0.05; **P < 0.01.
Mol Cell Biochem, 2018, doi:10.1007/s11010-018-3402-0. Idarubicin HCl purchased from Selleck.
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Choose Selective Topoisomerase Inhibitors
|Description||Idarubicin HCl is a hydrochloride salt form of Idarubicin which is an anthracycline antibiotic and a DNA topoisomerase II (topo II) inhibitor for MCF-7 cells with IC50 of 3.3 ng/mL in a cell-free assay.|
|Features||Idarubicin is a substrate for CYP450 2D6 and 2C9.|
Idarubicin has significant cytotoxic activity against multicellular spheroids, comparable to the antiproliferative effects on monolayer cells.  Idarubicin inhibits CYP450 2D6. Idarubicin is about 57.5-fold and 25-fold more active than doxorubicin and epirubicin, respectively. Idarubicin is able to overcome P-glycoprotein-mediated multidrug resistance.  Idarubicin inhibits PMN superoxide radical formation.  Idarubicin could be coupled to the monoclonal antibodies (anti-Ly-2.1, anti-L3T4, or anti-Thy-1) with retention of protein solubility and antibody activity.  Idarubicin inhibits the proliferation of NALM-6 cells with an IC50 of 12 nM. 
|In vivo||Reduction of Idarubicin is dependent upon ketone reductases, and proceeds more stereoselectively than that of most ketones giving rise to the (13S)-epimer almost exclusively. The high stereospecificity in Idarubicin reduction might result from chiral induction due to the presence of asymmetric centres near to the carbonyl group in Idarubicin. |
CYP450 metabolism experiments:Evaluation of Idarubicin metabolism by the CYP450 isoenzymes 3A4, 2D6, 2C8, 2C9, and 1A2 is completed using isolated human CYP450 proteins for each isoform. The high throughput P450 inhibition testing method is utilized for these evaluations. The metabolism experiments are designed to investigate the following properties of each drug: (1) if Idarubicin is a substrate of the CYP450 3A4, 2C8, 2C9, 1A2 or 2D6 isoenzymes; (2) if metabolism is affected by known inhibitors of each isoenzyme; (3) if Idarubicin is inhibitors of CYP450 isoenzymes; and (4) if caspofungin or itraconazole inhibit the CYP450 metabolism of Idarubicin. Dibenzylfluorescein (DBF) (CYP3A4, CYP2C8, CYP2C9), 3-cyano-7-ethoxycoumarin (Cyp1A2), and 7-methoxy-4-(aminomethyl)-coumarin (MAMC) (CYP2D6) are the known substrates utilized as controls to confirm the respective isoenzyme activity and evaluate the effects of Idarubicin on the isoenzyme activity. In addition, ketoconazole, quercetin, suflaphenazole, furafylline, and quinidine are utilized as control CYP450 inhibitors for 3A4, 2C8, 2C9, 1A2 or 2D6 isoenzymes, respectively. The substrate, inhibitor plus Idarubicin as indicated are added to each protein sample are incubated for 20 minutes- 60 minutes, as recommend by manufacturer, at 37oC. Reactions are stopped with an organic solvent solution and then samples are analyzed by fluorescence plate reader as appropriate. For each experiment, control samples with a known amount of substrate and synthesized metabolite, in the absence of the isoenzyme, are prepared for qualitative comparisons. All experiments are performed in triplicate.
-  Orlandi P, et al. J Chemother. 2005, 17(6), 663-667.
-  Colburn DE, et al. Hematology. 2004, 9(3), 217-221.
-  Siegsmund MJ, et al. Eur Urol. 1997, 31(3), 365-370.
|In vitro||DMSO||100 mg/mL (187.28 mM)|
|Water||5 mg/mL warmed (9.36 mM)|
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
|Synonyms||4-demethoxydaunorubicin (NSC256439, 4-DMDR) HCl|
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Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||interventions||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT02652871||Active not recruiting||Drug: LY2510924|Drug: Idarubicin|Drug: Cytarabine||Leukemia||M.D. Anderson Cancer Center|Eli Lilly and Company|High Impact Clinical Research Support Program||May 2016||Phase 1|
|NCT02056782||Completed||Drug: PGX-ODSH-2013-AML-1||Acute Myeloid Leukemia||Cantex Pharmaceuticals|Translational Drug Development||December 2013||Phase 1|
|NCT02028949||Completed||Drug: Zavedos®|Other: Blood samples||Unresectable Non-metastatic Hepatocellular Carcinoma|Child A/B7 Cirrhosis||Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Dijon||November 22 2012||Phase 1|
|NCT01607645||Terminated||Drug: decitabine|Drug: idarubicin|Drug: cytarabine||Adult Acute Megakaryoblastic Leukemia (M7)|Adult Acute Monoblastic Leukemia (M5a)|Adult Acute Monocytic Leukemia (M5b)|Adult Acute Myeloblastic Leukemia With Maturation (M2)|Adult Acute Myeloblastic Leukemia Without Maturation (M1)|Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With 11q23 (MLL) Abnormalities|Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Inv(16)(p13;q22)|Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(16;16)(p13;q22)|Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(8;21)(q22;q22)|Adult Acute Myelomonocytic Leukemia (M4)|Adult Erythroleukemia (M6a)|Adult Pure Erythroid Leukemia (M6b)|Previously Treated Myelodysplastic Syndromes|Recurrent Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia|Refractory Anemia With Excess Blasts||Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center|National Cancer Institute (NCI)||July 2012||Phase 2|
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