Catalog No.S4717 Synonyms: 2,3-Indolinedione
Molecular Weight(MW): 147.13
Isatin is an endogenous MAO inhibitor with an IC50 of 15 μM and more active against MAO-B than MAO-A.
Purity & Quality Control
Choose Selective MAO Inhibitors
|Description||Isatin is an endogenous MAO inhibitor with an IC50 of 15 μM and more active against MAO-B than MAO-A.|
Isatin induces apoptosis of MCF-7 cells. Bcl-2 expression is decreased and the ratio of Bcl-2 to Bax is significantly decreased by isatin. The mitochondrial transmembrane potential is markedly decreased and the release of cytochrome c into the cytosol is elevated following treatment with isatin. At the same time, caspase-9 and -3 are stimulated, followed by the degradation of ICAD, a caspase-3 substrate. Isatin and its analogs inhibits the proliferation of some cancer cells, including colon HT29, breast MCF-7, lung A549 and melanoma UACC903 cells and is a dual inhibitor of tubulin polymerization and the Akt pathway.
|In vivo||Isatin is an endogenous indole that is increased in stress, inhibits monoamine oxidase (MAO) B and improves bradykinesia and striatal dopamine levels in rat models of Parkinson's disease. Isatin has a distinct and discontinuous distribution in rat brain and other tissues; the highest concentrations in the brain are found in the hippocampus and cerebellum. In rodent models isatin has been shown to cause a widespectrum of dose-dependent physiological and biological actions, such as anxiogenic and sedative effects, memory dysfunction and inhibition of food and water intake. Significantly, isatin readily crosses the blood-brain barrier so that a peritoneal dose of 100 mg/kg would result in a concentration of about 120 μM in the rat brain. This concentration would increase further with repeated injections.|
|In vitro||DMSO||29 mg/mL (197.1 mM)|
|Ethanol||10 mg/mL (67.96 mM)|
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
Calculate the mass, volume or concentration required for a solution. The Selleck molarity calculator is based on the following equation:
Mass (mg) = Concentration (mM) × Volume (mL) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)
*When preparing stock solutions, please always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the via label and MSDS / COA (available on product pages).
Calculate the dilution required to prepare a stock solution. The Selleck dilution calculator is based on the following equation:
Concentration (start) x Volume (start) = Concentration (final) x Volume (final)
This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )
* When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and MSDS / COA (available online).
Molecular Weight Calculator
Enter the chemical formula of a compound to calculate its molar mass and elemental composition:
Tip: Chemical formula is case sensitive. C10H16N2O2 c10h16n2o2
Instructions to calculate molar mass (molecular weight) of a chemical compound:
To calculate molar mass of a chemical compound, please enter its chemical formula and click 'Calculate'.
Definitions of molecular mass, molecular weight, molar mass and molar weight:
Molecular mass (molecular weight) is the mass of one molecule of a substance and is expressed in the unified atomic mass units (u). (1 u is equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12)
Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol.
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
Tel: +1-832-582-8158 Ext:3
If you have any other enquiries, please leave a message.