||Sennoside A is a laxative agent derived from the leaves⁄pods of Cassia acutifolia and C. angustifolia and known to decompose on heating during decoction.
||Sennoside B is a laxative agent derived from the leaves⁄pods of Cassia acutifolia and C. angustifolia and found to selectively inhibit PDGF-BB-induced PDGFR phosphorylation with IC50 of 19.2 nM in osteosarcoma cells.
||N6-methyl adenosine (N6-methyl ATP) is a base modified analog of adenosine and is found as a minor nucleoside in natural RNAs.
||Gambogic Acid activates caspases with EC50 of 0.78-1.64 μM and competitively inhibits Bcl-xl, Bcl-2, Bcl-w, Bcl-B, Bfl-1 and Mcl-1 with IC50 of 1.47 μM, 1.21 μM, 2.02 μM, 0.66 μM, 1.06 μM and 0.79 μM, respectively.
||Apocynin (Acetovanillone) is a selective NADPH-oxidase inhibitor with IC50 of 10 μM.
||Schisandrin B is the most abundant dibenzocyclooctadiene lignan present in the traditional Chinese medicinal herb Schisandra chinensis (Turcz.) Baill.
||Guanosine hydrate plays important roles in various biochemical processes such as synthesis of nucleic acids and proteins, photosynthesis, muscle contraction and intracellular signal transduction (cGMP).
||Hypoxanthine is a naturally occurring purine derivative.
||Inosine is a nucleoside that is formed when hypoxanthine is attached to a ribose ring via a β-N9-glycosidic bond.
||Ipriflavone (7-Isopropoxyisoflavon) is used to inhibit bone resorption.
||10-Hydroxycamptothecin (10-HCPT, 10-hydroxy-CPT, OHCPT, NSC107124) is a DNA topoisomerase I inhibitor with potent anti-tumor activity.
||Rotundine (L-tetrahydropalmatine, L-THP) is a selective dopamine D1 receptor antagonist with IC50 of 166 nM.
||Betulinic acid is a naturally occurring pentacyclic triterpenoid which has antiretroviral, antimalarial, and anti-inflammatory properties.
||Triptolide is a diterpene triepoxide, immunosuppresive agent extracted from the Chinese herb Tripterygium wilfordii.
||Vanillin, 4-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzaldehyde, is a food additive.
||Astragaloside A is a pure small molecular compound isolated from Radix Astragali and is commonly used in the treatment of degenerative bone diseases such as osteoporosis.
||Naringenin is a flavonoid that is considered to have a bioactive effect on human health as antioxidant, free radical scavenger, anti-inflammatory, carbohydrate metabolism promoter, and immune system modulator.
||Neohesperidin is an antioxidant agent with an IC50 of 22.31 μg/ml in the 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryldydrazyl (DPPH) radical-scavenging assay.
||Isoliquiritigenin (GU 17) is a strong nod gene- and glyceollin resistance-inducing flavonoid from soybean root exudate.
||Sophocarpine is a human ether-à-go-go-related gene (HERG) inhibitor with an IC(50) of about 0.2 mM.
||Chrysophanic acid (Chrysophanol)
||Chrysophanic acid (Chrysophanol) is a EGFR/mTOR pathway inhibitor.
||Curcumol is a common traditional Chinese medicine with antitumor activities.
||Rhein(Monorhein; NSC 38629; Rheic acid; Rheinic acid) is a constituent of rhubarb which was isolated from the fresh rhizome of Rheum coreanum Nakai.
||Sodium Danshensu is a mono sodium of danshensu which is a compound isolated from Salvia miltiorrhiza Bge.
||Cyclovirobuxine D (bebuxine; Cyclovirobuxine) is an active compound extracted from Buxus microphylla, which has been used for treating acute myocardial ischemia.
||Tetrandrine (Fanchinine; Hanfangchin A) is a calcium channel blocker with an IC50 of 38.23± 25.77 μM.
||Rheochrysidin (Physcion; physcione; parietin) is one of the major components of Da-Cheng-Qi decoction used in the treatment of inflammation.
||Salidroside (Rhodioloside; Rhodosin) is a glucoside compound with an IC50 of 4.99 ± 0.23 μg/mL for the proliferation of SACC-2 cells.
||Palmatine hydrochloride (Palmatine chloride (6CI,7CI); Fibrauretin) is a hydrochloride salt of palmatine which is a protoberberine alkaloid.
||Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10)
||Coenzyme Q10 (ubiquinone, ubidecarenone, coenzyme Q) is a component of the electron transport chain and participates in aerobic cellular respiration.
||Dihydromyricetin (Ampelopsin, flavanol, Ampeloptin) is a natural antioxidant with good prospects.
||Hordenine (N,N-dimethyl-4-hydroxyphenylethylamine) is a phenylethylamine alkaloid with antibacterial and antibiotic properties.
||Evodiamine (Isoevodiamine) is an alkaloid extract from a plant known as Evodiae Fructus.
||Gastrodin (Gastrodine) is a polyphenol. It is the glucoside of 4-hydroxybenzyl alcohol (gastrodigenin).
||Hematoxylin (Hydroxybrazilin) is a compound that forms strongly colored complexes with certain metal ions, notably Fe(III) and Al(III) salts and a kind of stain in histology.
||Indirubin is a potent cyclin-dependent kinases and GSK-3β inhibitor with IC50 of about 75 nM and 0.19 μM.
||Lappaconite Hydrobromide is a kind of alkaloid extracted from Aconitum sinomontanum Nakai and has anti-inflammatory effects.
||Naringin Dihydrochalcone(Naringin DC)
||Naringin Dihydrochalcone(Naringin DC) is a new-style sweetening agent and an artificial sweetener derived from naringin.
||Polydatin(Piceid), 3,4’,5-trihydroxystilbene-3-β-mono-D-glucoside, the crystal component extracted from the root stem of perennial herbage Polygonum Cuspidatum Sieb.et Zucc.
||Quercetin (Sophoretin) is a PI3K and PKC inhibitor with IC50 of 3.8 μM and 15µg/ml.
||Sesamin(Fagarol) is a lignan isolated from the bark of Fagara plants and from sesame oil.
||5-Hydroxytryptophan(5-HTP) is decarboxylated to serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine or 5-HT) by the enzyme aromatic-L-amino-acid decarboxylase with the help of Vitamin B6.
||Aloin(Barbaloin) is a potent tyrosinase inhibitor with an IC50 of 97 μM for HeLaS3 cells
||Biochanin A (4-Methylgenistein)
||Biochanin A(4-Methylgenistein) is an O-methylated isoflavone. It is a natural organic compound in the class of phytochemicals known as flavonoids.
||Dioscin (Collettiside III)
||Dioscin(Collettiside III) is a saponin extracted and isolated from Polygonatum Zanlanscianense Pamp with IC50 of 2.6, 0.8, 7.5, and 4.5 μM for the inhibition of the growth of the MDA-MB-435, H14, HL60, and HeLa cell lines, respectively.
||Diosmetin(Luteolin 4-methyl ether)
||Diosmetin (Luteolin 4-methyl ether) is a bioflavonoid found in spearmint, oregano, and many other plants.
||Vanillylacetone is similar in chemical structure to other flavor chemicals such as vanillin and eugenol. It is used as a flavor additive in spice oils and in perfumery to introduce spicy aromas.
||Xanthone is an organic compound. It can be prepared by the heating of phenyl salicylate.
||Yohimbine HCl (Antagonil)
||Yohimbine(Antagonil) has been used as a mydriatic and in the treatment of impotence. It is also alleged to be an aphrodisiac.
||Aminoglutethimide (Cytadren) is an anti-steroid drug which inhibits aromatase.
||Sapogenins are the aglycones, or non-saccharide, portions of the family of natural products known as saponins.
||Sclareol is a fragrant chemical compound found in clary sage (Salvia sclarea), from which it derives its name. It is classified as a bicyclic diterpene alcohol.
||Sclareolide(Norambreinolide) is a sesquiterpene lactone natural product derived from various plant sources including Salvia sclarea, Salvia yosgadensis, and cigar tobacco.
||Shikimic acid (Shikimate)
||Shikimic acid(Shikimate), more commonly known as its anionic form shikimate, is an important biochemical intermediate in plants and microorganisms.
||Silibinin(Silybin) is the major active constituent of silymarin.
||Silymarin (Silybin B)
||Silymarin(Silybin B), a strong novel free radical scavenger, is used for treatment of patients with acute brain infarction.
||Sinomenine(Cucoline) is traditionally used in herbal medicine in these countries, as a treatment for rheumatism and arthritis.
||Stigmasterol(Stigmasterin) is used as a precursor in the manufacture of synthetic progesterone.
||Synephrine (Oxedrine) is a compound commonly used for weight loss.
||Tangeretin(Tangeritin) is a citrus flavonoids.
||Tanshinone I is isolated from Danshen.
||Tanshinone IIA (Tanshinone B)
||Tanshinone IIA(Tanshinone B) is the most abundant diterpene quinone in Danshen, Salviae miltiorrhizae Radix, a widely prescribed traditional herbal medicine that is used to treat cardiovascular and inflammatory diseases.
||Taxifolin(Dihydroquercetin) is a flavanonol, a type of flavonoid.
||Tetrahydropapaverine, one of the TIQs and an analogue of salsolinol and tetrahydropapaveroline, has been reported to have neurotoxic effects on dopamine neurons.
||Theobromine(3,7-Dimethylxanthine) is a xanthine alkaloid that is used as a bronchodilator and as a vasodilator.
||Troxerutin(Trihydroxyethylrutin) is a flavonol, a type of flavonoid.
||Ursolic acid (Malol)
||Ursolic acid(Malol) is a pentacyclic triterpene acid, used in cosmetics.
||Parthenolide ((-)-Parthenolide) is a sesquiterpene lactone which occurs naturally in the plant feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium).
||Phloretin(Dihydronaringenin) is a dihydrochalcone, a type of polyphenol.
||Phlorizin (Phloridzin) is a toxic 2’-glucoside of phloretin. It belongs to the group of dihydrochalcones, a type of flavonoids.
||Piperine(1-Piperoylpiperidine) is the alkaloid responsible for the pungency of black pepper and long pepper, along with chavicine (an isomer of piperine). It has also been used in some forms of traditional medicine and as an insecticide.
||Puerarin (Kakonein) is a 5-HT2C receptor and benzodiazepine site antagonist.
||Quercetin dihydrate (Sophoretin)
||Quercetin, a flavonol widely distributed in plants. It is an antioxidant, like many other phenolic heterocyclic compounds.
||Rutaecarpine is an indolopyridoquinazolinone alkaloid isolated from Evodia rutaecarpa and related herbs.
||Rutin, a flavonol glycoside found in many plants, including buckwheat; tobacco; forsythia; hydrangea; viola, etc.
||Salicin (Salicoside, Salicine)
||Salicin(Salicoside, Salicine) is an alcoholic β-glycoside that contains D-glucose. Salicin is an anti-inflammatory agent that is produced from willow bark.
||Monensin sodium salt (Coban)
||Monensin sodium salt(Coban), isolated from Streptomyces cinnamonensis, is a well-known representative of naturally polyether ionophore antibiotics.
||Morin hydrate (Aurantica)
||Morin hydrate(Aurantica) is a chemical compound. Morin can be used to test for the presence of aluminum or tin in a solution, since it forms characteristically fluorescent coordination complexes with them.
||Myricetin(Cannabiscetin) is a naturally occurring flavonol, a flavonoid found in many grapes, berries, fruits, vegetables, herbs, as well as other plants.
||Myricitrin(Myricitrine) is a chemical compound. It can be isolated from the root bark of Myrica cerifera (Bayberry, a small tree native to North America) and in Chrysobalanus icaco.
||Naringin (Naringoside) is a flavanone glycoside and is a major flavonoid in grapefruit and gives the grapefruit juice its bitter taste.
||Nattokinase is an enzyme extracted and purified from a Japanese food called nattō.
||Neohesperidin dihydrochalcone (Nhdc)
||Neohesperidin dihydrochalcone(Nhdc), sometimes abbreviated to neohesperidin DC or simply NHDC, is an artificial sweetener derived from citrus.
||Nobiletin (Hexamethoxyflavone) is a chemical compound and an O-methylated flavone, a flavonoid isolated from citrus peels like in tangerine.
||Oleanolic Acid (Caryophyllin)
||Oleanolic acid(Caryophyllin) is a naturally occurring triterpenoid, widely distributed in food and medicinal plants, related to betulinic acid. It is relatively non-toxic, antitumor, and hepatoprotective, as well as exhibiting antiviral.properties.
||Oridonin(Isodonol), an entkaurane diterpenoid isolated from Rabdosia rubescens, is an important traditional Chinese herbal remedy.
||Orotic acid (6-Carboxyuracil)
||Orotic acid(6-Carboxyuracil) is a heterocyclic compound and an acid.
||Osthole(Osthol) is a type of coumarin.
||Oxymatrine (Matrine N-oxide)
||Oxymatrine(Matrine N-oxide) is one of components of the root of Sophora flavescens.
||Paeonol(Peonol) is a major component extracted from Chinese herbs moutan cortex and Cynanchum paniculatum .
||Kinetin(6-Furfuryladenine) is a kind of cytokinin, a class of plant hormone that promotes cell division. Kinetin is often used in plant tissue culture for inducing formation of callus (in conjunction with auxin) and to regenerate shoot tissues from callus.
||L(+)-Rhamnose (Rham) is a naturally-occurring deoxy sugar.
||Limonin is also known as limonoate D-ring-lactone and limonoic acid di-delta-lactone. Chemically, it is a member of the class of compounds known as furanolactones.
||Luteolin is a PDE4 inhibitor and a general phosphodiesterase inhibitor, and an Interleukin 6 inhibitor.
||Magnolol (2,2'-Bichavicol) is a bioactive compound found in the bark of the Houpu magnolia (Magnolia officinalis).
||Matrine((+)-Matrine) is an alkaloid found in plants from the Sophora family. It has a variety of pharmacological effects, including anti-cancer effects, and action as a kappa opioid receptor agonist.
||Methyl-Hesperidin is a flavanone glycoside (flavonoid) (C28H34O15) found abundantly in citrus fruits. Its aglycone form is called hesperetin.
||Gramine is a naturally occurring indole alkaloid present in several plant species.
||Gynostemma Extract is a saponins extract derived from the Gynostemma pentaphyllum.
||Hesperetin is a bioflavonoid and, to be more specific, a flavanone.
||Hesperidin is a flavanone glycoside found abundantly in citrus fruits.
||Hyodeoxycholic acid (HDCA)
||Hyodeoxycholic(HDCA) acid is a secondary bile acid, one of the metabolic byproducts of intestinal bacteria.
||Icariin is a flavonol and PDE5 inhibitor with IC50 of 1.0, 0.75, and 1.1 μM for PDE5A1, A2, and A3, respectively.
||Indole-3-carbinol is produced by the breakdown of the glucosinolate glucobrassicin, which can be found at relatively high levels in cruciferous vegetables.
||Kaempferol is a natural flavonol, a type of flavonoid, that has been isolated from plant sources.
||Berberine Hydrochloride is a quaternary ammonium salt from the group of isoquinoline alkaloids.
||β-Sitosterol is one of several phytosterols (plant sterols) with chemical structures similar to that of cholesterol.
||Bilobalide is a biologically active terpenic trilactone present in Ginkgo biloba.
||Caffeic acid is a hydroxycinnamic acid, a naturally occurring organic compound.
||Chlorogenic acid is a hydroxycinnamic acid and a member of a family of naturally occurring organic compounds.
||Chrysin is a naturally occurring flavone chemically extracted from the blue passion flower (Passiflora caerulea).
||Cinchonidine is an alkaloid used in asymmetric synthesis in organic chemistry.
||Cryptotanshinone (CPT) is a STAT3 inhibitor with IC50 of 4.6 μM.
||Cytisine (Baphitoxine, Sophorine)
||Cytisine is a nicotinic acetylcholine receptor agonist.
||Daidzin is a natural organic compound in the class of phytochemicals known as isoflavones.
||Dihydroartemisinin (DHA) is a semi-synthetic derivative of artemisinin and isolated from the traditional Chinese herb Artemisia annua.
||Diosgenin is a steroid sapogenin and the precursor for the semisynthesis of progesterone which in turn was used in early combined oral contraceptive pills.
||Diosmin is a semisynthetic phlebotropic agent and a member of the flavonoid family.
||Ecdysone is a steroidal prohormone of the major insect molting hormone 20-hydroxyecdysone, which is secreted from the prothoracic glands.
||Emodin is a purgative resin, 6-methyl-1,3,8-trihydroxyanthraquinone, from rhubarb, the buckthorn and Japanese Knotweed (Fallopia japonica).
||Enoxolone is a pentacyclic triterpenoid derivative of the beta-amyrin type obtained from the hydrolysis of glycyrrhizic acid, which was obtained from the herb liquorice.
||Ergosterol is a sterol and a biological precursor (a provitamin) to vitamin D2.
||Fisetin (Fustel) is a potent sirtuin activating compound (STAC) and an agent that modulates sirtuins.
||Formononetin(Formononetol) is a phytoestrogen from the root of Astragalus membranaceus and an O-methylated isoflavone.
||Fumalic acid (Ferulic acid)
||Fumalic acid(Ferulic acid) is a hydroxycinnamic acid and a type of organic compound found in the Ferula assafoetida L. or Ligusticum chuanxiong.
||Glycyrrhizic acid is a widely used anti-inflammatory agent isolated from the licorice root.
||Gossypol is a polyphenolic aldehyde that permeates cells and acts as an inhibitor for several dehydrogenase enzymes.
||(-)-Epigallocatechin gallate is a potent anti-oxidant polyphenol flavonoid isolated from green tea.
||(+)-Usniacin (D-Usnic acid)
||(+)-Usniacin(D-Usnic acid) is a naturally occurring dibenzofuran derivative found in several lichen species.
||3-Indolebutyric acid (IBA)
||3-Indolebutyric acid(IBA) is a plant hormone in the auxin family and is an ingredient in many commercial plant rooting horticultural products.
||4-Methylumbelliferone is a hyaluronic acid (HA) synthesis inhibitor with an IC50 of 0.4 mM.
||Aesculin(Esculin) is a glucoside found in horse chestnuts.
||Aloe-emodin is an interferon-inducing agent with IC50 of about 1 μg/mL for JEV and of about 0.33 μg/mL for EV71.
||Amygdalin is a glycoside initially isolated from the seeds of the tree Prunus dulcis, also known as bitter almonds.
||Andrographolide is a labdane diterpenoid that is the main bioactive component of the medicinal plant Andrographis paniculata.
||Apigenin is a potent P450 inhibitor for CYP2C9 with IC50 of 23 pM
||Arbutin (Uva, p-Arbutin)
||Arbutin(Uvasol, p-Arbutin) is a tyrosinase inhibitor with an IC50 of 1.09 mM.
||Artesunate is a part of the artemisinin group of agents with an IC50 of < 5 μM for small cell lung carcinoma cell line H69.
||Asiatic acid is the aglycone of asiaticoside isolated from the plant Centella asiatica, commonly used in wound healing.
||Azomycin(2-Nitroimidazole) is an antimicrobial antibiotic produced by a strain of Nocardia mesenterica.
||Baicalein is a CYP2C9 and prolyl endopeptidase inhibitor.
||Baicalin is a known prolyl endopeptidase inhibitor and affects the GABA receptors.
||Bergenin (Cuscutin) is trihydroxybenzoic acid glycoside and the C-glycoside of 4-O-methyl gallic acid.