Sarsasapogenin

Catalog No.S3607 Synonyms: Parigenin

Sarsasapogenin Chemical Structure

Molecular Weight(MW): 416.64

Sarsasapogenin (SAR) is a steroidal sapogenin. It can provoke the generation of reactive oxygen species and activate unfolded protein response (UPR) signaling pathways. SAR potently inhibits NF-κB and MAPK activation, as well as IRAK1, TAK1, and IκBα phosphorylation in LPS-stimulated macrophages.

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Biological Activity

Description Sarsasapogenin (SAR) is a steroidal sapogenin. It can provoke the generation of reactive oxygen species and activate unfolded protein response (UPR) signaling pathways. SAR potently inhibits NF-κB and MAPK activation, as well as IRAK1, TAK1, and IκBα phosphorylation in LPS-stimulated macrophages.
In vitro

Sarsasapogenin induces an increase in the population of Hela cells in S phase and an obvious accumulation of cells in G2/M phase in a time-dependent manner. It induces apoptosis in HeLa cells via the caspase-dependent mitochondrial apoptotic pathway. Sarsasapogenin induces the activation of ER stress pathway. Sarsasapogenin induces cytotoxic effects in human cervical cancer cells via cell cycle arrest, ROS-mediated mitochondrial pathway and ER stress pathway. Sarsasapogenin induces the activation of UPR, the ER specific stress response at early stage and then activates CHOP, which may contribute to the initiation and augment of mitochondrial membrane permeabilization by dephosphorylation of Akt so as to mediate the apoptotic signals from ER to mitochondria[1]. Sarsasapogenin potently inhibits NF-κB and MAPK activation, as well as IRAK1, TAK1, and IκBα phosphorylation in LPS-stimulated macrophages. Sarsasapogenin inhibits the binding of LPS to macrophage Toll-like receptor 4, as well as polarization of M2 to M1 macrophages[2].

In vivo Oral administration of sarsasapogenin inhibits 2,3,4-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS)-induced colon shortening and myeloperoxidase activity in mice, along with reducing NF-κB activation and interleukin (IL)-1β, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, and IL-6 levels, while simultaneously increasing IL-10. It inhibits Th17 cell differentiation in colonic lamina propria, but induces Treg cell differentiation. Sarsasapogenin potently inhibits inflammatory responses in vivo[2].

Protocol

Cell Research:

[1]

+ Expand
  • Cell lines: Hela cells
  • Concentrations: 0-60 μM
  • Incubation Time: 48 h
  • Method:

    HeLa cells are incubated with sarsasapogenin (0-60 μM) for 48 h. Hoechst 33342-stained nuclei are visualized using confocal laser scanning microscopy.


    (Only for Reference)
Animal Research:

[2]

+ Expand
  • Animal Models: C57BL/6 mice
  • Formulation: 2% tween 80
  • Dosages: 5 or 10 mg/kg
  • Administration: oral
    (Only for Reference)

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro Ethanol 5 mg/mL (12.0 mM)
DMSO Insoluble
Water Insoluble

* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 416.64
Formula

C27H44O3

CAS No. 126-19-2
Storage powder
in solvent
Synonyms Parigenin

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Cell Lines Assay Type Concentration Incubation Time Formulation Activity Description PMID