Molecular Weight(MW): 272.25
Butein, a plant polyphenol isolated from Rhus verniciflua, is able to inhibit the activation of protein tyrosine kinase, NF-κB and STAT3, also inhibits EGFR.
Purity & Quality Control
Choose Selective EGFR Inhibitors
|Description||Butein, a plant polyphenol isolated from Rhus verniciflua, is able to inhibit the activation of protein tyrosine kinase, NF-κB and STAT3, also inhibits EGFR.|
Butein inhibits the epidermal growth factor (EGF)-stimulated auto-phosphotyrosine level of EGF receptor in HepG2 cells, and also inhibits tyrosine-specific protein kinase activities of EGF receptor and p60c-src with IC50 of 65 μM in vitro. The inhibition is competitive to ATP and non-competitive to the phosphate acceptor, poly (Glu, Ala, Tyr) 6:3:1 for EGF receptor tyrosine kinase. In contrast, Butein non-significantly inhibits the activities of serine- and threonine-specific protein kinases such as PKC or PKA.  Butein inhibits Nuclear Factor(NF)-κB and NF-κB-regulated gene expression through direct inhibition of IκBα Kinase β on Cysteine 179 Residue.  Butein (10 μM) inhibits over 90% iNOS and COX-2 expression, as well as nitrite and TNF-α production in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells. Butein (10 μM) inhibits LPS-induced DNA binding activity of NF-κB, which is mediated through inhibition of the degradation of inhibitory factor-κB and phosphorylation of Erk1/2 MAP kinase, as well as increases binding of the osteopontin a vb3 integrin receptor.  Butein (20 μM) treatment induces morphologic changes of bladder cancer cells BLS(M) from elongated morphology to rounded epithelial-like cells, accompanied by downregulation of vimentin, and gaining of E-cadherin compared to untreated control cells, indicating the reversal of mesenchymal-like phenotype. Butein (20 μM) suppresses motility and invasion capacity of BLS(M) cells, and reverts EMT-like phenotype induced by TNF-α, through the ERK1/2 and NF-κB signaling pathways.  Butein inhibits the constitutive activation of STAT3 in HepG2 cells in a dose-dependent manner, with maximum inhibition occurring at 50 μM, mediated through the inhibition of activation of upstream kinases c-Src and Janus-activated kinase2. Butein (50 μM) also could completely inhibit IL-6-induced STAT3 phosphorylation in SNU-387 cells. Butein downregulates the expression of cyclin D1, Bcl-2, Bcl-xL, survivin, and VEGF, markers of STAT3 activation. Butein (50 μM) significantly enhance the apoptotic effects of doxorubicin from 18% to 55% and of paclitaxel from 15% to 42%.  Butein is as a powerful antioxidant against lipid and LDL peroxidation. Butein inhibits iron-induced lipid peroxidation in rat brain homogenate with an IC50 of 3.3 μM. Butein is as potent α-tocopherol in reducing the stable free radical diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) with IC0.2 of 9.2 μM. Butein also inhibits the activity of xanthine oxidase with an IC50 of 5.9 μM. Butein scavenges the peroxyl radical derived from 2,2-azobis(2-amidinopropane) dihydrochloride (AAPH) in aqueous phase. Furthermore, Butein inhibits copper-catalyzed oxidation of human low-density lipoprotein (LDL) in a concentration-dependent manner. Butein is a chelator of ferrous and copper ions. 
|In vivo||Butein at 2 mg/kg induces significant inhibition of hepatocellular tumor growth compared with the corn oil-treated controls. At necropsy on day 22 after initial treatment, there is more than 2-fold decrease in tumor growth in the Butein-treated group (mean relativetumor burden, 3.90) compared with the control group (8.46), associated with reduced constitutive p-STAT3 (9% vs 81% of vehicle group), Bcl-2 levels (26% vs 96% of vehicle group), and increased caspase-3 level (98% vs 21% of vehicle group) in HCC tumor tissues.  Butein shows antifibrogenic activity. Butein (25 mg/kg/day) reduces serum AST and ALT activation to 35% and 69%, respectively, of control CCl4-induced rat levels. Butein (25 mg/kg/day) reduces liver hydroxyproline contents and TBAR4 concentration to 54% and 54%, respectively. α1(I) collagen and TIMP-1 expression in Butein-treated rats is 28% and 20.3% compared with the values for the respective CCl4-treated control. |
-  Yang EB, et al. Biochem Biophys Res Commun, 1998, 17, 245(2), 435-438.
-  Pandey MK, et al. J Biol Chem, 2007, 282(24), 17340-17350.
-  Lee SH, et al. Biochem Biophys Res Commun, 2004 , 323(1), 125-132.
|In vitro||DMSO||55 mg/mL (202.02 mM)|
|Ethanol||55 mg/mL (202.02 mM)|
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
Calculate the mass, volume or concentration required for a solution. The Selleck molarity calculator is based on the following equation:
Mass (g) = Concentration (mol/L) × Volume (L) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)
*When preparing stock solutions, please always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the via label and MSDS / COA (available on product pages).
Calculate the dilution required to prepare a stock solution. The Selleck dilution calculator is based on the following equation:
Concentration (start) x Volume (start) = Concentration (final) x Volume (final)
This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )
* When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and MSDS / COA (available online).
Molecular Weight Calculator
Enter the chemical formula of a compound to calculate its molar mass and elemental composition:
Tip: Chemical formula is case sensitive. C10H16N2O2 c10h16n2o2
Instructions to calculate molar mass (molecular weight) of a chemical compound:
To calculate molar mass of a chemical compound, please enter its chemical formula and click 'Calculate'.
Definitions of molecular mass, molecular weight, molar mass and molar weight:
Molecular mass (molecular weight) is the mass of one molecule of a substance and is expressed in the unified atomic mass units (u). (1 u is equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12)
Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol.
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
Tel: +1-832-582-8158 Ext:3
If you have any other enquiries, please leave a message.