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Catalog No. Product Name Information Product Use Citations Product Validations
A2028New Tiragolumab (anti-TIGIT) Tiragolumab (anti-TIGIT) (RG6058, MTIG7192A) is a humanized IgG1/kappa monoclonal antibody that binds TIGIT to prevent its interaction with its ligand PVR (CD155).
A2033New Vibostolimab (anti-TIGIT) Vibostolimab (anti-TIGIT, MK-7684) is a humanized monoclonal antibody that binds to the T-cell immunoreceptor with immunoglobulin and ITIM domains (TIGIT), blocking the interaction between TIGIT and its ligands, CD112 and CD155, thereby activating T lymphocytes which help to destroy tumor cells.
E0020New Lupenone Lupenone (Lup-20(29)-en-3-one, lupeone) is an isolated compound exhibiting anti-oxidative, anti-inflammation, and anti-diabetic activities. Lupenone can protect SH-SY5y cells against METH-induced neuronal apoptosis through the PI3K/Akt pathway.
E0022New Ophiopogonin D Ophiopogonin D (OJV-VI, Deacetylophiopogonin C) is a steroidal glycoside isolated from Chinese herb Radix ophiopogonis and shows anti-tumor property. Ophiopogonin D could suppress TGF-β1-mediated metastatic behavior of MDA-MB-231 cells by regulating ITGB1/FAK/Src/AKT/β-catenin/MMP-9 signaling axis. Ophiopogonin D attenuates PM2.5-induced inflammation via suppressing the AMPK/NF-κB pathway in mouse pulmonary epithelial cells.
E0119New Iptacopan (LNP023) Hydrochloride Iptacopan (LNP023) Hydrochloride is a first-in-class, orally administered, potent and highly selective factor B inhibitor with an IC50 of 12 nM and a Kd value of 7.9 nM. Iptacopan exhibits excellent selectivity over other proteases affording IC50s of >30 μM across a panel of 41 human proteases.
E0129New Oxysophocarpine Oxysophocarpine (OSC) is an alkaloid extracted from Sophora alopecuroides. Oxysophocarpine inhibits the growth and metastasis of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) by targeting the Nrf2/HO-1 axis. OSC protects cells against apoptosis and inflammatory responses and compromised miR-155 activity by attenuating MAPK and NF-κB pathways.
E0131New Luteolin-7-O-glucuronide

Luteolin-7-O-glucuronide (Luteolin 7-glucuronide) is a flavone glycoside found in plants. Luteolin-7-O-glucuronide possesses anti-microbial, antioxidant, anti-mutagenic, anti-genotoxic, anti-inflammatory, and anti-arthritic activities.

E0148New Linalyl Acetate

Linalyl Acetate (Bergamiol, Bergamol, Linalool acetate) is a naturally occurring phytochemical found in many flowers and spice plants. Linalyl Acetate is a potentially anti-inflammatory agent.

E0150New Carrageenan

Carrageenan (kappa-Carrageenan) is a natural carbohydrate (polysaccharide) obtained from edible red seaweeds. Carrageenan shows anticoagulant activity, antithrombotic activity, antiviral activity, anti-tumour activity and immunomodulatory activity.

E0365New Fucoidan

Fucoidan is an anionic sulfated polysaccharide extracted from marine brown algae with a large range of biological activities, including anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, anti-viral, anti-oxidation, anticoagulant, antithrombotic, anti-angiogenic and anti-Helicobacter pylori, etc.

S0920 Ginkgolide J Ginkgolide J is a minor constituent of terpene trilactone mixture of Ginkgo biloba leaves extract that inhibits GlyR-operated channels with IC50 of 2.0 μM. Ginkgolide J also inhibits cell death of rodent hippocampal neurons caused by Aβ1–42. Ginkgolide J exhibits anti‑inflammatory activity.
S0947 Cafestol Cafestol is a natural diterpenes extracted from coffee beans. Cafestol induces apoptosis and regulates a variety of inflammatory mediators to reduce inflammation. Cafestol inhibits PI3K/Akt pathway. Cafestol also can reduce the production of ROS in the leukemia cell line HL60.
S1514 Cyclosporine (NSC-290193) Cyclosporine (NSC-290193) is a calcineurin phosphatase pathway inhibitor, used as an immunosuppressant drug to prevent rejection in organ transplantation.
Cell Rep, 2021, 34(10):108832
Eur J Pharmacol, 2021, 898:173999
Nat Microbiol, 2019, 4(11):1840-1850
S1576 Sulfasalazine (NSC 667219) Sulfasalazine (NSC 667219, Azulfidine, Salazopyrin, Sulphasalazine) is a sulfa derivative of mesalazine, used as an anti-inflammatory agent to treat bowel disease and rheumatoid arthritis. Sulfasalazine is a potent and specific inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB), TGF-β and COX-2. Sulfasalazine induces ferroptosis, apoptosis and autophagy.
Cell Metab, 2021, S1550-4131(21)00233-3
Sci Adv, 2021, 7(35)eabj0364
Sci Adv, 2021, 7(27)eabh3032
S1591 Bestatin (NK421) Bestatin (NK421, Ubenimex) is a potent aminopeptidase-B and leukotriene (LT) A4 hydrolase inhibitor, used in the treatment of acute myelocytic leukemia.
Phytother Res, 2021, 35(6):3167-3180
Biochem Pharmacol, 2020, 175:113849
Phytomedicine, 2020, 78:153314
S1622 Prednisone (NSC-10023) Prednisone (NSC-10023, Adasone) is a synthetic corticosteroid agent that is particularly effective as an immunosuppressant compound.
Front Immunol, 2021, 12:739605
J Immunotoxicol, 2021, 18(1):154-162
Drug Test Anal, 2020, 10.1002/dta.2917
S1654 Phenylbutazone Phenylbutazone (Butazolidine) is used as a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent for the treatment of chronic pain, including the symptoms of arthritis.
Hum Cell, 2021, 10.1007/s13577-021-00639-4
Hum Cell, 2021, 10.1007/s13577-021-00579-z
Cancer Cell Int, 2020, 19;20:58
S2286 Cyclosporin A (NSC 290193) Cyclosporin A (Cyclosporine A, Cyclosporine, Ciclosporin, CsA) is an immunosuppressive agent, binds to the cyclophilin and then inhibits calcineurin with IC50 of 7 nM in a cell-free assay, widely used in organ transplantation to prevent rejection.
Cell Rep, 2021, 35(7):109159
Protein Cell, 2021, 10.1007/s13238-021-00885-0
PLoS Biol, 2021, 19(4):e3001134
S2512 Tenoxicam Tenoxicam is a good HO. radicals scavenger with an IC50 of 56.7 μM.
S3032 Bindarit (AF 2838) Bindarit (AF 2838) exhibits selective inhibition against monocyte chemotactic proteins MCP-1/CCL2, MCP-3/CCL7 and MCP-2/CCL8.
Hum Cell, 2021, 10.1007/s13577-021-00579-z
Hum Cell, 2021, 10.1007/s13577-021-00639-4
Cancer Cell Int, 2020, 19;20:58
S3500New Pentosan Polysulfate Sodium Pentosan Polysulfate Sodium (PPS, Elmiron) is an orally bioavailable, semi-synthetic medication with anti-inflammatory and pro-chondrogenic properties. Pentosan Polysulfate Sodium also exhibits anti-HIV-1 activity.
S3501New Perflubron Perflubron (1-Bromoperfluorooctane, Perfluorooctyl bromide, Oxygent, PFOB) exhibits anti-inflammatory activity thus decreases cytokine production in human alveolar macrophages. Perflubron also attenuates oxidative damage to both biological and nonbiological systems which is independent of its anti-inflammatory properties.
S3608 Demethylzeylasteral (T-96) Demethylzeylasteral (T-96), the active component isolated from Tripterygium wilfordii Hook F., inhibits UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) isoforms UGT1A6 and UGT2B7 with immunosuppressive effects.
J Cancer, 2021, 12(13):3967-3975
Front Biosci (Landmark Ed), 2020, 25:498-512
S3622 Diammonium Glycyrrhizinate Diammonium glycyrrhizinate (DG), a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), is extracted and purified from liquorices (Radix glycyrrhizae). It is known for its anti-inflammatory effects, resistance to biologic oxidation and membranous protection. DG is able to reduce inflammatory injury via suppression of NF‑κB, TNF‑α and intercellular adhesion molecule 1.
S3758 Sinomenine hydrochloride Sinomenine (SN, Cucoline, Kukoline, Sabianine A), extracted from the Chinese medicinal plant, sinomenium acutum, is a potent anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective agent.
Cancer Manag Res, 2021, 13:1189-1204
Bioorg Med Chem, 2020, 31:115986
S3761New Eucalyptol Eucalyptol (NSC 6171, 1,8-Cineol, 1,8-cineole, 1,8-Epoxy-p-menthane, 1,8-Oxido-p-menthane, Cineol, Cineole) is a monoterpenoid oil present in many plants, principally the Eucalyptus species, and has been reported to have anti-inflammatory and antioxidative effects. Eucalyptol controls airway mucus hypersecretion and asthma via anti-inflammatory cytokine inhibition.
S3892 Isopsoralen Isopsoralen (Angelicin), also known as angelicin, is a constituent of roots and leaves of angelica with anti-inflammatory activity and regulates LPS-induced inflammation via inhibiting MAPK/NF-κB pathways. It also shows antiviral activity against gammaherpesviruses.
S4268 Flufenamic acid Flufenamic Acid is an anti-inflammatory agent, and also acts as an ion channel modulator.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Cell Biol Lipids, 2020, 1865(12):158793
S4753 Ganoderic acid A Ganoderic acid A (GAA), a representative active triterpenoid from Ganoderma lucidum, has been reported to exhibit antinociceptive, antioxidative, cytotoxic, hepatoprotective and anticancer activities.
S5004 Pimecrolimus Pimecrolimus (ASM 981) is an immunophilin ligand, which binds specifically to the cytosolic receptor, immunophilin macrophilin-12 (FKBP-12); a calcineurin inhibitor.
Hum Cell, 2021, 10.1007/s13577-021-00639-4
Hum Cell, 2021, 10.1007/s13577-021-00579-z
PLoS Pathog, 2020, 16(11):e1009022
S5360 Diflorasone Diflorasone acts as a corticosteroid hormone receptor agonist with anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive properties.
S5361 Bendazac Bendazac (bendazolic acid, AF-983) is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug that delays the cataractogenic process. It may act by preventing protein denaturation.
S5412 Loxoprofen Sodium Loxoprofen sodium is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug.
S5466 Saikosaponin A Saikosaponin A is a triterpene saponin derived from the medicinal plant, Bupleurum chinensis DC. (Umbelliferae). It has a variety of pharmacological benefits, including anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, and anti-bacterial activities.
S5661 Tiaprofenic acid Tiaprofenic acid (Tiaprofensaeure, Acido tiaprofenico) is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug used to treat pain, especially arthritic pain.
S6239New PMX-53 PMX-53 is a potent CD88 (C5aR) antagonist and inhibits C5a-induced neutrophil myeloperoxidase release and chemotaxis with IC50 values of 22 nM and 75 nM, respectively. PMX-53 is also an agonist of Mas-related gene 2 (MrgX2).
S6812New Z-Guggulsterone Z-Guggulsterone, a constituent of Ayurvedic medicinal plant Commiphora mukul, inhibits angiogenesis in vitro and in vivo. Z-Guggulsterone exhibits anti-inflammatory effects in microglia. Z-Guggulsterone induces apoptosis in gastric cancer cells through the intrinsic mitochondria-dependent pathway.
S7434 TAPI-1 TAPI-1 is an ADAM17/TACE inhibitor, which blocks shedding of cytokine receptors. TAPI-1 is also an inhibitor of Matrix Metalloproteinase (MMP).
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 2021, 118(32)e2026123118
EMBO Mol Med, 2020, 7;12(2):e10154
Cell Syst, 2020, 10(3):240-253
S8291 Atractylenolide I Atractylenolide I is the major sesquiterpenoid of the rhizome of A. macrocephala and shows a wide spectrum of pharmacological activities such as antiinflammatory, digestion promoting, and antioxidant effects.
Mol Med Rep, 2021, 24(4)691
Mol Nutr Food Res, 2020, 64(5):e1900655
Front Pharmacol, 2020, 26;11:273
S8660 GI254023X GI254023X (GI 4023, SRI028594) is a selective inhibitor of ADAM10 with 100-fold selectivity for ADAM10 over ADAM17. The IC50 values for recombinant ADAM10 amd ADAM17 are 5.3 nM and 541 nM, respectively.
PLoS Pathog, 2021, 17(7):e1009752
Front Microbiol, 2021, 12:694489
bioRxiv, 2021, 10.1101/2021.03.29.437456
S9032 Sanguinarine Sanguinarine (Pseudochelerythrine, Sanguinarin, Sanguinarium), a benzophenanthridine alkaloid known as an anti-inflammatory agent, is a potent inhibitor of NF-κB activation.
Onco Targets Ther, 2020, 13:8989-9003
S9033 Incensole acetate Incensole acetate, isolated from Boswellia Resin, is a novel anti-inflammatory compound that inhibits NF-κB activation.
S9055 Salvianolic acid A Salvianolic acid A (Dan Phenolic Acid A), a water-soluble compound extracted from Radix Salvia miltiorrhiza (Danshen), is an antioxidant and free radical scavenging compound that also acts as an inhibitor of the protein-protein interaction mediated by SH2 domains of Src-family kinases Src and Lck.
Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol, 2021, 48(4):508-514
S9064 Trilobatin Trilobatin (P-Phlorizin), a natural flavonoid lipid molecule, is an HIV-1 entry inhibitor targeting the HIV-1 Gp41 envelope and exihibits anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory effect.
S9072 Sweroside Sweroside, a bioactive herbal ingredient isolated from Fructus Corni, exhibits diverse biological activities, such as anti-fungal, anti-diabetic, anti-inflammatory, and anti-tumor effects.
S9090 Corilagin Corilagin, discovered in many medicinal plants such as Phyllanthus speices etc., has multiple activities including anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory, anti-apoptotic, hepatoprotective and others. It is an inhibitor of TNF-α.
S9106 Eleutheroside E Eleutheroside E, a principal component of Eleutherococcus senticosus (ES), has anti-inflammatory effects by inhibiting NF-κB and protecting against myocardial infarction.
S9148 Peiminine Peiminine (Verticinone, Zhebeinone, Raddeanine), a biologically active component extracted from Fritillaria walujewii Regel, has been reported to have potent anti-inflammatory, antitussive, and expectorant effects. It induces autophagic cell death thus represses colorectal carcinoma tumor growth.
S9920New GYY4137 GYY4137 is a novel, water-soluble hydrogen sulfide (H2S)–releasing molecule with vasodilator and antihypertensive activity. GYY4137 shows potent anti-hepatocellular carcinoma activity through blocking the STAT3 pathway. GYY4137 also shows anti-inflammatory activity.
A2001 Ipilimumab (anti-CTLA-4) Ipilimumab (anti-CTLA-4) is an immunomodulatory monoclonal antibody directed against the cell surface antigen CTLA-4 and also a type of immune checkpoint inhibitor. MW : 148 kD.
Clin Cancer Res, 2021, clincanres.0982.2021
Cancer Immunol Immunother, 2021, 10.1007/s00262-021-03036-w
Front Immunol, 2020, 11:598556
A2009 Rituximab (anti-CD20) Rituximab (anti-CD20) is a chimeric anti-CD20 mAb that binds the CD20 antigen on B cells with a binding affinity of 5 nM, MW: 143.86 KD.
Biophys Chem, 2021, 275:106609
Blood Adv, 2021, 5(10):2467-2480
Biomacromolecules, 2020, 22(2):723-731
A5093 NFAT1 Rabbit Recombinant mAb NFAT1 Rabbit Recombinant mAb detects endogenous levels of total NFAT1.
A5158 CD33 Rabbit Recombinant mAb CD33 Rabbit Recombinant mAb detects endogenous level of CD33.
A5160 CD23 Rabbit Recombinant mAb CD23 Rabbit Recombinant mAb detects endogenous level of CD23.
A5170 Phospho-LAT (Y191) Rabbit Recombinant mAb Phospho-LAT (Y191) Rabbit Recombinant mAb detects endogenous level of total Phospho-LAT (Y191).
A5212 CD79a Rabbit Recombinant mAb CD79a Rabbit Recombinant mAb detects endogenous level of total CD79a.
A5289 L1CAM Rabbit Recombinant mAb L1CAM Rabbit Recombinant mAb detects endogenous level of total L1CAM.
S0474 Avacopan (CCX168) Avacopan (CCX168) is an orally administered and selective C5a receptor (C5aR) antagonist.
S1829 Pranlukast Pranlukast (ONO-1078) is an orally administered, and selective antagonist of the cysteinyl leukotrienes (LT) C(4), LTD(4) and LTE(4), used in the prophylactic treatment of chronic bronchial asthma.
Cancer Immunol Immunother, 2021, 70(1):203-213
S4529 Idramantone Idramantone (Kemantane, 5-Hydroxy-2-adamantanone) is an immune agonist.
S4709 Latanoprost Latanoprost (Xalatan, PhXA41) is a prostaglandin F2alpha analogue and a prostanoid selective FP receptor agonist with an ocular hypertensive effect. Latanoprost increases uveoscleral outflow and thereby reduces intraocular pressure.
S5973New Methylprednisolone Acetate Methylprednisolone (NSC-19987, Medrol) acetate is a synthetic glucocorticoid receptor agonist, used to achieve prompt suppression of inflammation. Methylprednisolone activates ACE2 and reduces IL-6 levels, thus improves severe or critical COVID-19. Methylprednisolone markedly reduces autophagy and apoptosis.
S1733 Methylprednisolone (NSC-19987) Methylprednisolone (NSC-19987) is a synthetic glucocorticoid receptor agonist, used to achieve prompt suppression of inflammation. Methylprednisolone activates ACE2 and reduces IL-6 levels, thus improves severe or critical COVID-19. Methylprednisolone markedly reduces autophagy and apoptosis.
Drug Test Anal, 2020, 10.1002/dta.2917
Nat Med, 2017, 23(4):424-428
Trop J Pharm Res, 2014, 13 (1): 53-59
S1737 Prednisolone (NSC-9900) Prednisolone (NSC-9900) is a synthetic glucocorticoid with anti-inflammatory and immunomodulating properties.
J Immunotoxicol, 2021, 18(1):154-162
Eur J Rheumatol, 2021, 10.5152/eurjrheum.2021.20054
Ther Adv Hematol, 2020, 11:2040620719898373
S2307 Roquinimex Roquinimex (FCF 89, Linomide, LS 2616) is a novel immunomodulator augmenting natural killer (NK) cell activity and T-lymphocyte related effector functions. Roquinimex is a potent oral active tumor antiangiogenic agent. Roquinimex inhibits the secretion of TNF-α.
S2787 Laquinimod Laquinimod (ABR-215062, LAQ) is a potent immunomodulator. Phase 3.
Int Immunopharmacol, 2020, 88:106989
J Neuroinflammation, 2018, 15(1):183
S3648 Amlexanox (AA-673) Amlexanox (AA-673, CHX-3673, Amoxanox) is an anti-inflammatory antiallergic immunomodulator and also an inhibitor of the protein kinases TBK1 and IKK-ε.
Gut, 2021, 70(5):890-899
Biochem Biophys Res Commun, 2021, 560:1-6
ACS Omega, 2021, 6(6):4289-4299
S3668 Thymopentin Thymopentin (TP5) has immuno-regulatory activities. The immuno-regulatory actions of thymopentin on peripheral T cells are mediated by intracellular cyclic GMP elevations in contrast to the intracellular cyclic AMP elevations induced in precursor T cells that trigger their further differentiation to T cells.
S4842New Balsalazide Balsalazide (Colazal, Giazo), an aminosalicylate and oral prodrug, is enzymatically cleaved in the colon to produce the anti-inflammatory agent mesalazine. Balsalazide suppress colitis-associated carcinogenesis through modulation of IL-6/STAT3 pathway.
S5039 Actarit Actarit (4-acetylaminophenylacetic acid) is an orally active immunomodulator used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.
S5083 Lentinan Lentinan (A823605, Bromoduline), isolated and purified from a hot water extract of Lentinula edodes fruit bodies, is a fungal polysaccharide immunomodulator with anti-tumor effects.
S5969New Dicloxacillin Sodium hydrate Dicloxacillin Sodium hydrate (DLX, Dycill, Dynapen, Pathocil), a narrow-spectrum β-Lactam antibiotic of the penicillin class, induces drug-metabolizing CYP enzymes to a clinically relevant extent.
S7515 VGX-1027 VGX-1027 (GIT 27) is an orally active immunomodulator. Phase 1.
Eur J Pharmacol, 2019, 842:373-383
S7516 Y-320 Y-320 is an orally active immunomodulator, and inhibits IL-17 production by CD4 T cells stimulated with IL-15 with IC50 of 20 to 60 nM.
J Virol, 2021, JVI0111921
Research Square, 2021, 10.21203/rs.3.rs-742937/v1
Am J Pathol, 2018, 188(7):1693-1702
S7892 Avadomide (CC-122) Avadomide (CC-122), a new chemical entity termed pleiotropic pathway modifier, is a novel agent for Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma(DLBCL) with antitumor and immunomodulatory activity. Its molecular target is the protein cereblon (CRBN), a substrate receptor of the cullin ring E3 ubiquitin ligase complex CRL4CRBN.
Leukemia, 2021, 35(5):1330-1343
Mol Ther Oncolytics, 2020, 18:215-225
Blood Adv, 2019, 3(14):2105-2117
S8301 AS101 AS101, a potent in vitro and in vivo immunomodulator, is a novel inhibitor of IL-1beta converting enzyme.
Front Immunol, 2021, 12:645653
World J Stem Cells, 2021, 13(2):177-192
J Immunol, 2020, 205(10):2694-2706
S8760 Iberdomide (CC220) Iberdomide (CC-220) is a novel oral immunomodulatory compound that targets cereblon, part of the CRL4CRBN E3 ubiquitin ligase complex, with an IC50 of 60 nM in a competitive TR-FRET assay. Iberdomide (CC-220) induces apoptosis with antitumor and immunostimulatory activities.
Mol Cancer Ther, 2021, 10.1158/1535-7163.MCT-20-0831
Hemasphere, 2021, 5(7):e602
E0025New 2-Hydroxybenzylamine 2-Hydroxybenzylamine (2-(Aminomethyl)phenol, 2-HOBA, NSC 127870) is a naturally occurring compound found in buckwheat and is a selective scavenger of dicarbonyl electrophiles that protects proteins and lipids from being modified by these electrophiles. 2-HOBA reduces inflammation and plaque apoptotic cells and promotes efferocytosis and features of stable plaques. 2-HOBA has potential for use as a nutrition supplement due to its ability to protect against the damaging effects of oxidative stress.
E0174New Betamethasone sodium phosphate

Betamethasone sodium phosphate (Betamethasone 21-Phosphate Disodium Salt) is a potent glucocorticoid with anti-inflammatory activity.

E0202New Benzoylmesaconine Benzoylmesaconine (Mesaconine 14-benzoate) is a main Aconitum alkaloid isolated from several Aconitum species with potent pharmacological activities, such as analgesia and anti-inflammation.
E0205New Strictosamide Strictosamide is the main representative constituent of Nauclea officinalis Pierre ex Pitard (Rubiaceae) with anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities.
P1104New Glatiramer acetate

Glatiramer acetate is a synthetic copolymer composed of a random mixture of four amino acids that modifies the immune response.

S1211 Imiquimod (R-837) Imiquimod (R-837, S-26308) is a novel synthetic agent with immune response modifying activity.
FASEB J, 2020, 34(1):208-221
Cell Discov, 2018, 4:15
S1439 Tranilast (SB 252218) Tranilast (SB 252218, MK-341, Rizaben, MK 341, Tranpro) is an antiallergic drug by inhibiting lipid mediator and cytokine release from inflammatory cells, used for the treatment of allergic disorders such as asthma, allergic rhinitis and atopic dermatitis.
Hum Cell, 2021, 10.1007/s13577-021-00579-z
Hum Cell, 2021, 10.1007/s13577-021-00639-4
Hum Cell, 2020, 10.1007/s13577-020-00420-z
S1679 Flurbiprofen Flurbiprofen is a member of the phenylalkanoic acid derivative family of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
S1681 Mesalamine (5-ASA) Mesalamine (5-Aminosalicylic acid, 5-ASA, Mesalazine, Apriso, Asacol, Pentasa, Canasa) is a specific inhibitor of TNFα-induced IKK activity, used to treat inflammatory bowel disease.
Front Vet Sci, 2021, 8:670949
Antiviral Res, 2020, 185:104993
S1823 Fenoprofen Calcium Fenoprofen Calcium is a nonsteroidal, anti-inflammatory antiarthritic agent.
S1939 Levamisole hydrochloride Levamisole, also known as (-)-Tetramisole, is an inhibitor of alkaline phosphatase, used as an anthelmintic.
S2350 Rutin Rutin (Rutoside), a flavonol glycoside found in many plants including buckwheat; tobacco; forsythia; hydrangea; viola, etc., which possesses healthy effects for human.
Int J Mol Sci, 2020, 21(14):5025
Anim Sci J, 2020, 91(1):e13328
J Med Virol, 2019, 91(8):1440-1447
S2383 Gastrodin Gastrodin (Gastrodine), an anti-inflammatory polyphenol extracted from Chinese natural herbal Gastrodia elata Blume., benefits neurodegenerative diseases.
Int J Biol Sci, 2019, 15(11):2497-2508
S2387 Lappaconite HBr Lappaconite Hydrobromide is a kind of alkaloid extracted from Aconitum sinomontanum Nakai and has anti-inflammatory effects.
Int J Mol Sci, 2018, 19(6)
S2400 Rheic Acid Rhein (Monorhein, NSC 38629, Rheinic) is an anthraquinone compound enriched in the fresh rhizome of Rheum coreanum Nakai, showing anti-inflammation and antitumor activities. Rhein is an FTO (mRNA N6-methyladenine demethylase) inhibitor and also inhibits AlkB repair enzymes.
Cell Chem Biol, 2016, 23(3):415-25
S2413 Geniposidic acid Geniposidic acid is an iridoid glucoside, used to treat inflammation, jaundice and hepatic disorders.
Hum Cell, 2021, 10.1007/s13577-021-00639-4
Hum Cell, 2021, 10.1007/s13577-021-00579-z
Cancer Cell Int, 2020, 19;20:58
S2910 Tempol Tempol (4-Hydroxy-TEMPO) is a superoxide scavenger that displays neuroprotective, anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects. Phase 2.
Theranostics, 2021, 11(8):3796-3812
Redox Biol, 2021, 41:101886
Nat Commun, 2020, 23;11(1):433
S3027 Fenoprofen calcium hydrate Fenoprofen calcium hydrate is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID).
S3062 Diclofenac Potassium Diclofenac potassium (CGP-45840B) is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug taken to reduce inflammation and as an analgesic reducing pain in certain conditions.
S3106 Pidotimod Pidotimod is an immunostimulant.
S3614 Lupeol Lupeol (Clerodol, Monogynol B, Fagarasterol, Farganasterol) is a significant lupane-type triterpene represented in the plant, fungi and animal kingdoms with anticancer, antiprotozoal, chemopreventive and anti-inflammatory properties.
S3685 4-Biphenylacetic acid 4-Biphenylacetic acid (BPA) is a potential non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent and forms solid inclusion complex with β-cyclodextrin. Its interaction with quinolone antibacterial agents can induce functional blockade of the γ-aminobutyric acid receptors.
S3745 Balsalazide disodium Balsalazide Disodium is the disodium salt form of balsalazide, an aminosalicylate and oral prodrug that is enzymatically cleaved in the colon to produce the anti-inflammatory agent mesalazine. Balsalazide Disodium suppress colitis-associated carcinogenesis through modulation of IL-6/STAT3 pathway.
Front Microbiol, 2020, 10:2936
S3765 Picroside II Picroside II (6-Vanilloylcatalpol, Vanilloyl catalpol) is the main active ingredient in iridoid glycosides, which is the principal component of Picrorrhiza kurroa Royle. It has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, immune regulatory, anti-virus and other pharmacological activities.
S3774 Dehydroandrographolide Succinate Potasium Salt Dehydroandrographolide Succinate (DAS), extracted from herbal medicine Andrographis paniculata (Burm f) Nees, is widely used for the treatment of viral pneumonia and viral upper respiratory tract infections because of its immunostimulatory, anti-infective and anti-inflammatory effect.
S3775 Ligustrazine hydrochloride Ligustrazine hydrochloride (Tetramethylpyrazine, Tetrapyrazine) is a chemical compound found in natto and in fermented cocoa beans with anti-inflammation, antioxidant, antiplatelet, and antiapoptosis activities.
S3776 Sophoricoside Sophoricoside (SOPH) is an isoflavone isolated from Sophora japonica (Leguminosae) with numerous pharmacological effects, including anti- inflammatory, anti-cancer and immunosuppressive effects.
S3790 Methyl gallate Methyl Gallate (Methylgallate, Gallic acid methyl ester, Gallicin) is a plant polyphenol with antioxidant, anticancer, and anti-inflammatory activities.
S3799 Gentisic acid Gentisic acid (2,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid, 5-Hydroxysalicylic acid, Hydroquinonecarboxylic acid, DHB), an active metabolite of salicylic acid degradation, has a broad spectrum of biological activity, such as anti-inflammatory, antirheumatic and antioxidant properties.
S3813 Bakuchiol Bakuchiol ((S)-(+)-Bakuchiol) is a meroterpene phenol abundant in seeds and leaves of the plant Psoralea corylifolia. It has anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial activities.
Cell Prolif, 2019, 52(5):e12666
S3824 Quercitrin Quercitrin (3-rhamnosyl quercetin, Sophoretin, Meletin, Xanthaurine), a glycoside of quercetin, has been found as a main bioactive constituent in T. sinensis leaves and has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-allergic activities.
S3837 Echinocystic acid Echinocystic acid (EA), a natural triterpone enriched in various herbs, displays a range of pharmacological activities including anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects.
S3841 Eleutheroside B Eleutheroside B (syringin, Syringoside, Lilacin) is a phenylpropanoid glycoside first isolated from A. senticosus and has neuroprotective, tonic, adaptogenic, and immune-modulating properties.
S3871 Muscone Muscone (3-Methylcyclopentadecanone, Methylexaltone), a flavouring ingredient, is an organic compound that is the primary contributor to the odor of musk and also a potent anti-inflammatory agent. Muscone significantly downregulats the levels of LPS-induced inflammatory cytokines and inhibits NF-κB and NLRP3 inflammasome activation in BMDMs. Muscone remarkably decreases the levels of inflammatory cytokines (IL-1β, TNF-α and IL-6).
J Pharm Pharmacol, 2019, 71(11):1706-1713
S3877 Lysionotin Lysionotin is a natural flavonoid predominantly found in fewflower lysionotus herbs and possesses many pharmacological properties, such as antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antihypertensive, and free radical scavenging activities.
Front Oncol, 2021, 11:674492
S3881 Scopoletin Scopoletin (Esculetin 6-methyl ether, Gelseminic acid, 6-Methylesculetin, Chrysatropic acid) is the main bioactive constituent of flower buds from Magnolia fargesii with anti-inflammatory, hypouricemic, and antioxidant activities.
S3893 Bornyl acetate Bornyl acetate (Isobornyl, Bornyl acetic ether, 2-Camphanol), the main volatile constituent in numerous conifer oils and some Chinese traditional herbs, exhibits anti-inflammatory property and it is used as an analgesic.
S3906 Astragalus polyphenols Astragalus is a wonderful immune enhancing herb that has strong anti-viral activity and produces extra interferon in the body. It contains rich polyphenol with various effects including antioxidant and antiinflammatory actions.
S3932 Astilbin Astilbin (Isoastilbin, Neoastilbin, Neoisoastilbin, Taxifolin 3-O-rhamnoside), a flavonoid compound isolated from the rhizome of Smilax glabra Roxb, displays anticancer, antioxidative, anti-inflammatory, and immunosuppressive activities.
S3956 Tetramethylpyrazine Tetramethylpyrazine (ligustrazine, TMP) is a natural compound isolated from Chinese herbal medicine Ligusticum wallichii (Chuan Xiong) with anti-inflammation, antioxidant, antiplatelet, and antiapoptosis activities.
S3969 Veratric acid Veratric acid (3,4-Dimethoxybenzoic acid), a simple benzoic acid derived from plants and fruits, has anti-oxidant, anti-inflammation, and blood pressure-lowering effects. Veratric acid reduces upregulated COX-2 expression, and levels of PGE2, IL-6 after UVB irradiation.
S3982 Batyl alcohol Batyl alcohol (Batilol, Stearyl monoglyceride, 1-O-Octadecylglycerol, Batilolum), isolated from shark liver oil, is also present in yellow bone marrow of animals and has been described as an inflammatory agent.
S3997 Oxaceprol Oxaceprol (N-acetyl-L-hydroxyproline) is an anti-inflammatory drug used in the treatment of osteoarthritis.
S4098 Halcinonide Halcinonide is a high potency corticosteroid used in topical preparations as an anti-inflammatory agent.
S4165 Benzydamine HCl Benzydamine HCl (AF864) is a topical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) with anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antipyretic and local anesthetic activity.
S4169 Teriflunomide Teriflunomide (A77 1726, HMR-1726) is the active metabolite of leflunomide, inhibiting pyrimidine de novo synthesis by blocking the enzyme dihydroorotate dehydrogenase, used as an immunomodulatory agent.
Molecules, 2021, 26(18)5653
J Gen Virol, 2021, 102(3)
J Immunotoxicol, 2021, 18(1):154-162
S4170 Coumarin Coumarin is a secondary phytochemical with hepatotoxic and carcinogenic properties.
Biosci Rep, 2021, BSR20211828
S4188 Sasapyrine Sasapyrine (Salsalate, NSC-49171) is a nonsteroidal oral anti-inflammatory agent.
S4524 2-Ethoxybenzamide 2-Ethoxybenzamide (Ethenzamide) is a common analgesic and anti-inflammatory drug that is used for the relief of fever, headaches, and other minor aches and pains.
S4682 Loxoprofen Loxoprofen (Koloxo, Loxoprofene, Loxoprofeno) is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug in the propionic acid derivatives group.
S4690 Escin Escin (Aescin) is a mixture of saponins with anti-inflammatory, vasoconstrictor and vasoprotective effects found in Aesculus hippocastanum(the horse chestnut).
S4706 Eugenol Eugenol (4-Allyl-2-methoxyphenol, 4-Allylguaiacol, Eugenic acid, Allylguaiacol) is a naturally occuring scent chemical found in clove oil and other plants. The physiologic effect of eugenol is by means of increased Histamine Release, and cell-mediated Immunity.
S4789 5-Acetylsalicylic acid 5-Acetylsalicylic acid (5-acetyl-2-hydroxybenzoic acid) is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug.
S4832 Tolmetin Tolmetin (Tolectin) is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug of the heterocyclic acetic acid derivative class and also exhibits analgesic and antipyretic activity.
S4835 Aceclofenac Aceclofenac (Preservex, Airtal) is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) with anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties.
S4966 4-Methylesculetin 4-methylesculetin is one of the coumarin derivatives with great anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. 4-Methylesculetin inhibits myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity and reduces IL-6 level.
S5016 Isoprinosine Isoprinosine (Inosine pranobex, Immunovir, Groprinosin, Delimmun) is an immunopharmacologic agent with antiviral activities.
S5043 Benorylate Benorylate (Benorilate, Benoral, Benortan) is the esterification product of paracetamol and acetylsalicylic acid with anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antipyretic properties.
S5044 Isoxepac Isoxepac is a non-steroidal arylacetic acid derivative with anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antipyretic activity.
S5046 Clonixin Clonixin (Clonixic acid) is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug with analgesic, antipyretic, and platelet-inhibitory actions.
S5157 Thymol Thymol (2-isopropyl-5-methylphenol, IPMP), a naturally occurring monocyclic phenolic compound derived from Thymus vulgaris (Lamiaceae), has been reported to exhibit anti-inflammatory property in vivo and vitro.
S5260New ATP ATP (Adenosine-Triphosphate, Adenosine 5'-triphosphate) is a multifunctional nucleoside triphosphate and an important endogenous signaling molecule in immunity and inflammation.
Cell Rep, 2021, 36(6):109516
J Inflamm Res, 2021, 14:3969-3983
S5261 Ufenamate Ufenamate (Butyl flufenamate, Flufenamic acid butyl ester, Fenazol) is an anthranilic acid derivative with anti-inflammatory activity.
S5318 Acacetin Acacetin (Linarigenin, 5,7-dihydroxy-4'-methoxyflavone, 4'-Methoxyapigenin) is a flavonoid compound that has been shown to have anti-cancer, anti-mutagenic, anti-inflammatory and anti-peroxidative effects.
Mediators Inflamm, 2021, 2021:5265444
Biochem Biophys Res Commun, 2021, 583:146-153
Drug Des Devel Ther, 2020, 14:4801-4813
S5322 Sodium gualenate Sodium gualenate (Guaiazulenesulfonate sodium), a hydrophilic derivative of guaiazulene (GA), is an unstable compound, which is gradually decomposed in the solid state at room temperature. It has anti-inflammatory and wound-healing effects.
S5451 Ferulic acid methyl ester Ferulic acid methyl ester (Methyl Ferulate, Methyl 4'-hydroxy-3'-methoxycinnamate) is a lipophilic derivative of ferulic acid, which is a hydroxycinnamic acid that is abundant in plants. It shows the strongest antioxidant activity and can protect against inflammation and cancer.
S5457 Curculigoside Curculigoside (Curculigoside A), a diterpenoid triepoxide, is one of the main bioactive phenolic compounds isolated from the rhizome of Curculigo orchioides Gaertn. and has potent antioxidant, anti-osteoporotic, immunomodulatory, and neuroprotective effects.
S5458 Verbascoside Verbascoside (Acteoside, Kusaginin), a phenylpropanoid glycoside from lemon verbena, has several biological properties such as anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antitumor, and antioxidant.
S5459 Aucubin Aucubin (Rhinanthin), an iridoid glycoside existing in medicinal plants, has been reported to show an anti-inflammatory activity by suppression of TNF-α production in murine macrophages.
S5463 Curcurbitacin IIA Curcurbitacin IIA (Cucurbitacin Iia, CuIIa, Hemslecin A, Dihydrocucurbitacin Q1) is the major active component of the Helmseya amabilis root and is known to have antiviral and anti-inflammatory effects.
S5471 Monotropein Monotropein, an iridoids glycoside isolated from the roots of Morinda officinalis How, has been demonstrated to exhibit anti-inflammatory activity.
S5500 Amodiaquine hydrochloride Amodiaquine Hydrochloride is the hydrochloride salt of amodiaquine, an orally active 4-aminoquinoline derivative with antimalarial and anti-inflammatory properties.
Nat Biomed Eng, 2021, 10.1038/s41551-021-00718-9
bioRxiv, 2020, 10.1101/2020.04.13.039917
bioRxiv, 2020, 2020/9/20.4.7.30734
S5501 Hydrocortisone acetate Hydrocortisone Acetate (Cortisol 21-acetate) is the synthetic acetate salt form of hydrocortisone, a corticosteroid with anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive properties.
Int J Radiat Biol, 2021, 1-11
Front Cell Dev Biol, 2021, 9:641527
Biochem Biophys Res Commun, 2020, 21;526(1):267-272
S5517 Fenamic acid Fenamic acid (N-Phenylanthranilic acid, 2-(Phenylamino)benzoic acid, 2-Anilinobenzoic acid, Diphenylamine-2-carboxylic acid) serves as a parent structure for several nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), including mefenamic acid, tolfenamic acid, flufenamic acid, and meclofenamic acid.
J Biol Chem, 2019, 294(45):16908-16917
S5579 Chelidonic acid Chelidonic acid (Jerva acid, Jervaic acid, γ-Pyrone-2,6-dicarboxylic acid) is a secondary metabolite found in several plants with therapeutic potential in allergic disorders in experimental animals. Chelidonic acid inhibits IL-6 production by blocking NF-κB and caspase-1 in HMC-1 cells. Chelidonic acid is also an inhibitor of glutamate decarboxylase with Ki of 1.2 μM.
S5648 Iguratimod Iguratimod (T-614) is a small molecule compound with anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory actions and used for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.
Front Microbiol, 2019, 10:2225
S5674 Lodoxamide Tromethamine Lodoxamide Tromethamine (Alomide, Lodoxamidetromethamine) is the tromethamide salt form of lodoxamide, a synthetic mast cell stabilizing compound with anti-inflammatory activity.
S5686 Tryptanthrin Tryptanthrin is a natural alkaloidal compound having basic indoloquinazoline moiety. It has broad spectrum of biological activities including anticancer activity, anti-inflammatory, antiprotozoal, antiallergic, antioxidant, and antimicrobial.
Cancers (Basel), 2020, 12(9)E2668
S5729 Fosfosal Fosfosal (2-phosphonoxy benzoic acid) is a non-acetylated salicylic acid derivative, with analgesic and anti-inflammatory activity, but without effects on PG biosynthesis in vitro.
S5737 Diclofenac Epolamine Diclofenac Epolamine (DHEP, DIEP, diclofenac hydroxyethylpyrrolidine) is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent (NSAID) with antipyretic and analgesic actions.
S5804 N-Acetylcysteine amide N-acetylcysteine amide is a membrane penetrating antioxidant with anti-inflamatory activity through regulation of activation of NF-κB and HIF-1α as well as modulation of ROS.
Nat Commun, 2021, 12(1):647
Int J Biochem Cell Biol, 2020, 121:105703
Pancreatology, 2019, 19(2):258-265
S5834 p-Coumaric acid ethyl ester p-Coumaric acid ethyl ester is the ethyl ester of p-Coumaric acid, which is a plant metabolite which exhibits antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.
S5869 Cortisone Cortisone is a pregnane steroid hormone and one of main substance released by the body as a reaction to stress. It suppresses the immune system, thus reducing inflammation and attendant pain and swelling at the site of the injury.
Drug Test Anal, 2020, 10.1002/dta.2917
S5871 Trans-Tranilast Trans-Tranilast is an antiallergic drug, used to treat bronchial asthma, allergic rhinitis and atopic dermatitis.
S6058 β-Caryophyllene β-Caryophyllene is a natural bicyclic sesquiterpene that is a constituent of many essential oils. It acts as a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, a fragrance and a metabolite.
S6073 Diclofenac acid Diclofenac acid is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug that has analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and antipyretic properties, and has been shown to be effective in treating a variety of acute and chronic pain and inflammatory conditions. It inhibits cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) with relative equipotency.
S6136 (±)-α-Bisabolol α-bisabolol is a small, plant-derived, oily sesquiterpene alcohol with some anti-inflammatory and even anti-microbial properties.
S6185 Arachidonic acid Arachidonic acid (Arachidonate) is an unsaturated, essential fatty acid found in animal and human fat as well as in the liver, brain, and glandular organs. It is a precursor in the biosynthesis of prostaglandins, thromboxanes, and leukotrienes.
S6243 Ethyl pyruvate Ethyl pyruvate (CTI-01) is a simple aliphatic ester of pyruvic acid and has been shown to have robust neuroprotective effects via its anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidative, and anti-apoptotic functions.
S6249 Picolinic acid (PCL 016) Picolinic acid (PCL 016) is a pyridine carboxylate metabolite of tryptophan and acts as an anti-infective and immunomodulator. It acts by binding with the zinc associated with zinc finger proteins to alter their structure and inhibit function.
S6322 Pipecolic acid Pipecolic acid (piperidine-2-carboxylic acid), a metabolite of lysine found in human physiological fluids such as urine, plasma and CSF, is an important regulator of immunity in plants and humans alike.
S6404 Salicylamide Salicylamide (o-hydroxybenzamide) is a non-prescription drug with analgesic and antipyretic properties.
S6439 Talniflumate Talniflumate (MSI-1995) is an anti-inflammatory molecule studied and used as a mucin regulator in the treatment of cystic fibrosis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma. Talniflumate is also an inhibitor of human calcium-activated chloride channels.
S6448 Ibuprofen piconol Ibuprofen piconol (U75630) is a non-steroidal, anti-inflammatory (NSAID) drug for the topical relief of primary thermal burns and sunburns.
S6472 Tinoridine hydrochloride Tinoridine hydrochloride (Y-3642) is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug with a potent antiperoxidative activity.
S6476 Eicosapentaenoic Acid Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) is an omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid with antiinflammatory properties, and is present in fish and fish oils, including salmon, cod, and krill oils.
S6551 Adelmidrol Adelmidrol is an analogue of palmitoylethanolamide (PEA) with anti-inflammatory activities.
S6593 Methylprednisolone sodium succinate Methylprednisolone sodium succinate (U-9088, 6α-Methylprednisolone 21-hemisuccinate Sodium) is a corticosteroid medication that reduces inflammation.
S6742 Etofenamate Etofenamate is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) used for the treatment of joint and muscular pain.
S7448 CORM-3 CORM-3 is a carbon monoxide-releasing molecule with anti-inflammatory and cardioprotective activity.
Exp Neurol, 2021, 341:113683
Shock, 2021, 55(6):816-826
Inflammation, 2021, 10.1007/s10753-021-01419-w
S8097 C-DIM12 C-DIM12 is Nurr1 activator that stimulates Nurr1 mediated apoptosis axis in bladder cancer cells and tumors and inhibits NF-κB–dependent gene expression in glial cells.
Front Mol Neurosci, 2020, 23724
Cell Death Dis, 2018, 9(3):411
S8141 Cl-amidine Cl-amidine is an irreversible pan-peptidylarginine deiminase (PAD) inhibitor with IC50 values of 5.9 ± 0.3 μM, 0.8 ± 0.3 μM, 6.2 ± 1.0 μM for PAD4, PAD1 and PAD3, respectively. Cl-amidine induces apoptosis.
Theranostics, 2021, 11(19):9431-9451
Int J Mol Sci, 2021, 22(23)12852
Phytomedicine, 2021, 90:153635
S9005 Stearyl Glycyrrhetinate Stearyl glycyrrhetinate, the stearyl ester of 18-β-glycyrrhetinic acid, has been demonstrated to improve antiviral effects, reduce inflammation and suppress allergies in the pharmaceutical and cosmetic industry.
S9013 Paulownin Paulownin, a furofuran lignan from Paulownia tomentosa, has anti-inflammation, analgesia, immunity, hypoglycemia properties.
S9019 Quillaic acid Quillaic acid is the major aglycone of the widely studied saponins of the Chilean indigenous tree Quillaja saponaria Mol and shows strong anti-inflammatory activity.
S9022 20S-Ginsenoside Rg3 20S-Ginsenoside Rg3 is extracted from traditional Chinese medicine, red ginseng. It exihits neuromodulatory, cognition enhancing, anti-inflammatory, antioxidative, anti-angiogenic, and anticancer activities.
S9023 20S-Ginsenoside Rh2 20S-Ginsenoside Rh2 is a ginsenoside found in Panax species and inhibits cancer development, progression, and metastasis.
S9035 Isovitexin Isovitexin (saponaretin, Apigenin-6-C-glucoside), an active component of many traditional Chinese medicines, has various activities, such as anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-alzheimer disease (AD) effects and so on.
S9036 (20R)Ginsenoside Rh2 (20R)Ginsenoside Rh2, a natural compound found in Panax ginseng, shows antiviral and anticancer activities. It is a matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) inhibitor.
S9037 Tenacissoside H Tenacissoside H, a natural compound found in M. tenacissima, exerts anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor effects.
S9038 Calycosin Calycosin (3'-Hydroxyformononetin), an isoflavonoid, is the major active component in Radix Astragali. It shows antitumor, anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective and pro-angiogenesis effects.
S9043 6-Shogaol 6-Shogaol, a naturally occuring product found in ginger, has anti-inflammatory and anticancer properties.
Biomolecules, 2020, 10(10)E1380
S9051 Asperuloside Asperuloside, an iridoid glycoside found in Herba Paederiae, is a component from traditional Chinese herbal medicine and exerts anti-inflammatory effect.
S9052 Auraptene Auraptene (7-geranyloxycoumarin) is a natural coumarin derived from citrus plants and possesses valuable pharmacological properties, including anticarcinogenic, anti-inflammatory, antihelicobacter, antigenotoxic, and neuroprotective effects. Auraptene inhibits matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2) as well as key inflammatory mediators, including IL-6, IL-8 and chemokine (C-C motif) ligand-5(CCL5).
S9053 Irisflorentin Irisflorentin derived from the roots of Belamcanda chinensis (L.) DC. is an herb which has been used for the treatment of inflammatory disorders in traditional Chinese medicine.
S9054 Pectolinarin Pectolinarin is a major compound in Cirsium setidens with anti-inflammatory activity. Pectolinarin inhibits secretion of IL-6 and IL-8, as well as the production of PGE2 and NO. Pectolinarin induces apoptosis via inactivation of the PI3K/Akt pathway.
S9057 Sinigrin Sinigrin (Allylglucosinolate, 2-Propenylglucosinolate) is a glucosinolate found in some plants of the Brassicaceae family and exerts various activities including anticancer, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antifungal, antioxidant, and wound healing effects.
J Invest Dermatol, 2018, 138(12):2644-2652
S9061 Hydroxy safflor yellow A Hydroxy safflor yellow A, a monomer extracted from Carthamus tinctorius L., possesses various kinds of bio-activities, including anti-oxidation, anti-inflammatory actions, anti-platelet aggregation, anti-tumor and anti-myocardial injury effects.
S9067 Pseudoprotodioscin Pseudoprotodioscin is a steroidal saponin from plants and exhibits anti-inflammatory and anticancer activities. Pseudoprotodioscin inhibits SREBP1/2 and microRNA 33a/b levels and reduces the gene expression regarding the synthesis of cholesterol and triglycerides.
S9068 Trillin Trillin (Disogluside, Diosgenin glucoside) is an active ingredient isolated from Trillium tschonoshii Maxim and acts as a potential anti-inflammatory drug for chronic hepatic inflammation.
S9071 Nootkatone Nootkatone, a natural ingredient that occurs in grapefruit and certain other plants, has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects.
S9074 Buddlejasaponin IVb Buddlejasaponin IVb (Saikosaponin 1b), a major component of Pleurospermum kamtschaticum, exerts anti-inflammatory and cytotoxic effects against cancer cells.
S9083 Rhapontin Rhapontin (Ponticin, Rhaponticin, Rhapontigenin glucoside), a stibene-type glycoside distributed widely in medicinal plants of Rheum genus (Polygonaceae), has anti-inflammatory effect and anti-proliferative activity.
S9084 Rhoifolin Rhoifolin (Rhoifoloside, Apigenin 7-O-neohesperidoside, Apigenin-7-O-rhamnoglucoside), a natural glycoside of apigenin, has been obtained from the green leaves of Rhus succedanea and possesses a variety of significant biological activities including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, hepatoprotective and anticancer effects.
S9085 Corynoline Corynoline is one of the major active components of many ethnopharmacological plants and exhibits anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory and hepatoprotective activities, etc.
S9088 Calycosin-7-O-beta-D-glucoside Calycosin-7-O-beta-D-glucoside, an isoflavone glycoside isolated from A. mongholicus and A. membranaceus, has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and neuroprotective biological activities.
S9091 10-Gingerol 10-Gingerol is a bioactive compound found in ginger with anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activity.
S9095 Senegenin Senegenin (Tenuigenin) is a natural product from Polygala tenuifolia used in Chinese medicine with antioxidative and antiinflammatory activity.
S9098 Dehydrodiisoeugenol Dehydrodiisoeugenol, a naturally occurring lignan from Aristolochia taliscana (Aristolochiaceae), acts as a potent anti-inflammatory agent and shows various pharmacological activities, including anti-lipid peroxidation, anti-bacteial function, and hepatic drug metabolism enzyme inhibition.
S9099 Orientin Orientin (Lutexin, Luteolin-8-glucoside), isolated from medicinal plants, has various activities including anti-oxidant, anti-aging, anti-viral, anti-bacterial, anti-inflammation, vasodilatation and cardioprotective, antiadipogenesis, antinociceptive, radiation protective, neuroprotective, and antidepressant-like effects.
S9100 Fraxinellone Fraxinellone is a natural product isolated from the D. dasycarpus plant, which has been shown to exhibit neuroprotective and anti-inflammatory activities.
S9105 Ginsenoside CK Ginsenoside CK is a ginsenoside found in Panax species and has a role as a plant metabolite, an antineoplastic agent, a hepatoprotective agent, an anti-allergic agent and an anti-inflammatory agent.
S9112 Kaempferitrin Kaempferitrin (Lespenefril, Lespedin, Lespenephryl, Kaempferol 3,7-dirhamnoside), isolated from the leaves of Hedyotis verticillata and from Onychium japonicum, has antimicrobial, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory activities.
S9113 Ononin Ononin (Formononetin glucoside, Formononetin 7-O-glucoside) is an isoflavone glycoside with anti-inflammtory effects.
S9115 Wogonoside Wogonoside (Oroxindin, Wogonin 7-O-glucuronide, Glychionide B), the main flavonoid component derived from the root of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, displays anti-inflammatory, anti-angiogenic, and anticancer chemotherapeutic activities.
FASEB J, 2021, 35(9):e21870
S9116 Chikusetsusaponin IVa Chikusetsusaponin IVa (Calenduloside F), a major active ingredient of triterpenoid saponins, has numerous pharmacological activities, including cytotoxic activity against various cancer cells, anti-inflammatory activity, prevention of dental caries and induction of genta-micin nephrotoxicity. Chikusetsusaponin IVa is a novel AMPK activator.
S9120 Scutellarein Scutellarein (6-Hydroxyapigenin), extracted from the perennial herb Scutellaria lateriflora, has antioxidant, antitumor, anti-adipogenic, antiviral and anti-inflammatory activities
S9123 Eriodictyol Eriodictyol, a flavonoid extracted from yerba santa, has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities and taste-modifying properties.
S9125 Apigetrin Apigetrin (Cosmetin, Cosmosioside, Thalictiin, Cosmosin, Apigenin 7-glucoside), a flavonoid found in many plant leaves and seeds, has been known to possess antimutagenic, anti-cancer, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.
S9127 Carnosol Carnosol is a naturally occurring phenolic diterpene found in rosemary. It has anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer activities.
S9128 Isoacteoside Isoacteoside, a phenylethanoid isolated from Monochasma savatieri Franch. ex Maxim., is an anti‐inflammatory herb widely used in traditional Chinese medicine.
S9129 20(S)-Ginsenoside Rh1 20(S)-Ginsenoside Rh1 (Prosapogenin A2, Sanchinoside B2, Sanchinoside Rh1) is one of major bioactive compounds extracted from red ginseng, which has been increasingly used for enhancing cognition and physical health worldwide. It exhibits potent characteristics of anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, immunomodulatory effects, and positive effects on the nervous system. Ginsenoside Rh1 inhibits the expression of PPAR-γ, TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1β.
S9131 Punicalagin Punicalagin, a major ellagitannin found in pomegranate extracts, has been shown to have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anticancer effects.
Cell, 2020, 30;181(3):637-652.e15.
Cell, 2020, 30;181(3):637-652e15
S9132 Harpagide Harpagide, isolated from the secondary roots of Harpagophytum procumbens (Hp), has valuable medicinal properties, such as anti-inflammatory, analgesic and potential antirheumatic effects.
S9136 Neochlorogenic acid Neochlorogenic acid (Neochlorogenate, 5-O-Caffeoylquinic acid) is a natural polyphenolic compound found in some types of dried fruits and a variety of other plant sources such as peaches. It shows antioxidant, antibacterial, antiviral, and antipyretic activities and exerts neuroprotective effects through the inhibition of pro-inflammatory pathways in activated microglia.
S9144 Solasonine Solasonine, a natural glycoalkaloid compound, has anti-inflammation and anti-tumor properties.
S9146 Anwuligan Anwuligan (Macelignan), a natural compound isolated from Myristica fragrans Houtt, has antimicrobial and anticariogenic activity against Streptococcus mutans and other streptococcus species. It also shows antioxidant, free radical scavenging, and neuroprotective activities.
S9157 Neoandrographolide Neoandrographolide, a principle diterpenoids isolated from A. paniculata, exerts a wide range of therapeutic actions, including immunosuppressant, antithrombotic, anti-inflammatory, antineoplastic, anti-viral, anti-bacterial, anti-diabetic, anti-oxidative stress, antipyretic, anti-edematogenic, and anti-nociceptive activities.
S9161 Ziyuglycoside II Ziyuglycoside II is an active compound of Sanguisorba officinalis L. that has anti-inflammation, antioxidation, antibiosis, and homeostasis properties.
S9165 Poncirin Poncirin (Isosakuranetin-7-neohesperidoside), extracted from trifoliate orange, has anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory activities.
S9167 Columbin Columbin, a diterpenoid furanolactone, is a potential anti-inflammatory drug.
S9171 Harpagoside Harpagoside, a natural product found in the plant Harpagophytum procumbens, has potent anti-rheumatic, anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects.
S9172 Phellodendrine Phellodendrine, a quaternary ammonium alkaloid extracted from the dried bark of Phellodendrom chinensis Schneid and Phellodendrom amurense Rupr, has the effect of suppressing cellular immune response, reducing blood pressure and antinephritis.
S9174 Xanthotoxol Xanthotoxol (8-Hydroxypsoralen, 8-Hydroxypsoralene, 8-Hydroxyfuranocoumarin, Psoralen), a biologically active linear furocoumarin found in a large number of plants, shows strong pharmacological activities as anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, 5-HT antagonistic, and neuroprotective effects.
S9175 Macranthoidin A Macranthoidin A, found in the herbs of Lonicera japonica Thunb., has anti-inflammation activity.
S9180 Tussilagone Tussilagone, isolated from the flower of buds of Tussilago farfara (Compositae), is a sesquiterpenoid that is used as a traditional oriental medicine for asthma and bronchitis. It shows anti-inflammatory activity in in vitro studies.
S9183 Ruscogenin Ruscogenin, a major steroidal sapogenin of traditional Chinese herb Radix Ophiopogon japonicus, has been reported to exert significant anti-inflammatory and anti-thrombotic activities.
S9184 Forsythoside B Forsythoside B is a phenylethanoid glycoside isolated from the leaves of Lamiophlomis rotata Kudo, a Chinese folk medicinal plant. Forsythoside B has potent neuroprotective effects and has anti-inflammation, antioxidant, and antisepsis properties. Forsythoside B could inhibit TNF-alpha, IL-6, IκB and modulate NF-κB.
S9203 Notopterol Notopterol is a kind of furanocoumarin that possesses anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and anticancer activities.
S9204 Oroxylin A Oroxylin A (6-Methoxybaicalein) is a flavonoid isolated from Scutellaria root that exhibits multiple pharmacological activities, including anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory, anti-viral and anti-tumor properties.
S9213 Jujuboside A Jujuboside A, isolated from Semen Ziziphi Spinosae, exerts anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory activities, and reduces the cell apoptosis.
S9216 Esculentoside A Esculentoside A, isolated from the Chinese herb phytolacca esculenta, possesses a broad inhibitory effect on a panel of pro-inflammation molecules with less toxicity.
S9220 Stylopine hydrochloride Stylopine (Tetrahydrocoptisine, Coptisine), a major component of the leaf of Chelidonium majus L., is a protoberberine-type alkaloid that has potential biological activities, including anti-inflammatory activity.
S9222 Dipotassium glycyrrhizinate Glycyrrhizinate dipotassium (Neubormitin) is a widely used anti-inflammatory agent isolated from the licorice root.
S9225 Santalol Santalol is a naturally occuring sesquiterpene that has antibacterial, anti-hyperglycaemic, anti inflammatory and antioxidant effects.
S9228 Schisandrin C Schisandrin C, a dibenzocyclooctadiene lignan isolated from the fruits of Schisandra chinensis (Turcz.) Baill, has many characteristics including anti-inflammation, anti-tumor, and anti-oxidation.
S9237 Berberrubine Berberrubine (Beroline, 9-Berberoline), an isoquinoline alkaloid isolated from many medicinal plants, possesses diverse pharmacological activities, including glucose-lowering, lipid-lowering, anti-inflammatory, and anti-tumor effects.
S9240 Isofraxidin Isofraxidin (6,8-Dimethoxyumbelliferone), a bioactive coumarin compound isolated from the functional foods Siberian ginseng and Apium graveolens, is an anti-bacterial, anti-oxidant, and anti-inflammatory agent.
S9242 Narirutin Narirutin (Naringenin-7-O-rutinoside, Isonaringin), a flavanone abundant in citrus fruits, possesses anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative effects.
S9243 Protosappanin B Protosappanin B (FT-0689654, Q-100961), extracted from Lignum Sappan, possesses anti-inflammation and anti-oxidation properties.
S9245 Phellodendrine chloride Phellodendrine chloride, isolated from the Phellodrndron amurensis, exhibits immunosuppressive and anti-inflammatory activities.
S9246 Tiliroside Tiliroside, a glycosidic flavonoid, possesses anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anticarcinogenic and hepatoprotective activities.
S9247 Isoliensinine Isoliensinine is an alkaloid produced by the edible plant Nelumbo nucifera. It possesses anti-cancer, anti-fibrosis, anti-proliferative, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory activities.
S9248 Homoorientin Homoorientin (Isoorientin, Luteolin-6-C-glucoside) is a flavone that acts as a radical scavenger and an antineoplastic agent.
S9254 Skimmin Skimmin is one of the major pharmacologically active molecules present in Hydrangea paniculata, a medical herb used in the traditional Chinese medicine as an anti-inflammatory agent.
S9264 Decursin Decursin (D), purified from Angelica gigas Nakai, shows potential anti-inflammatory activity and neuroprotective property.
S9266 Ginsenoside Rc Ginsenoside Rc, isolated from Panax ginseng, may exert various activities including anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, antiobesity, and anti-diabetic effects.
S9272 Koumine Koumine, a Gelsemium alkaloid, possesses analgesic, anti-inflammatory and neurosteroid modulating activities.
S9280 Demethoxycurcumin Demethoxycurcumin, a natural demethoxy derivative of curcumin, has anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, and anti-angiogenesis properties.
S9281 Peimine Peimine (Verticine, Wanpeinine A) is a major biologically active component of Fritillaria ussuriensis, exhibits anti-inflammatory and pain suppression properties at the cellular level.
S9287 Genkwanin Genkwanin (Apigenin 7-methyl ether) is one of the major non-glycosylated flavonoids in herbs. It has a variety of pharmacological effects including anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, antiplasmodial, radical scavenging, chemopreventive and inhibiting 17β-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 activities.
S9288 Casticin Casticin (Vitexicarpin), as the major active substance in Lithospermum erythrorhyzon, had been reported to mediate multiple pharmacological activities such as antioxidation, antiviral, cardiovascular protection, antineoplastic and anti-inflammation.
S9289 Astragalin Astragalin (kaempferol-3-glucoside, Kaempferol 3-O-glucoside, Kaempferol 3-D-glucoside), a flavonoid from leaves of persimmon and green tea seeds, has anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant activities.
Chem Biol Drug Des, 2021, 10.1111/cbdd.13933
S9290 Linarin Linarin (Acaciin, Buddleoside, Acacetin-7-O-rutinoside), a natural flavonoid cpompound, has pharmacological effects, including anti-inflammatory, neuro-protective, cardioprotective and antioxidative effects.
S9293 Isoliquiritin Isoliquiritin (Neoisoliquritin) is a flavonoid glycoside compound from licorice possessing a broad spectrum of pharmacological activities including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-depression activities.
S9296 Fraxin Fraxin (Fraxetin-8-O-glucoside), a main active component isolated from Cortex Fraxini, possesses a variety of bioactivities such as anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, analgesic, antimicrobial, antiviral, immunomodulatory, anti-hyperuricemia and diuresis.
S9297 Kirenol Kirenol is a biologically active substance isolated from Herba Siegesbeckiae. It has been reported to possess anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic, anti-adipogenic, and anti-arthritic activities.
S9298 Corylin Corylin, a main compound isolated from Psoralea corylifolia L. (Fabaceae), has a variety of pharmacological effects such as antioxidant, anti-proliferation, and anti-inflammatory properties.
S9300 Methylprotodioscin Methyl protodioscin, a bioactive natural compound isolated from Dioscorea collettii Makino (Dioscoreaceae), has numerous pharmacological activities, including anti-inflammation, lipid-lowering, and anticancer activities.
S9304 Platycodin D Platycodin D, the main saponin isolated from Chinese herb Platycodonis Radix, exhibits anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic, cholesterol-lowering and neuroprotective properties.
Sci Rep, 2016, 6:37997
S9309 Micheliolide Micheliolide, a sesquiterpene lactone isolated from Michelia compressa and Michelia champaca, inhibits various inflammatory response and may serve as a neuroprotective agent in neuroinflammation-related neurodegenerative disorders.
S9311 Germacrone Germacrone, a major activity component found in Curcuma zedoaria oil product, shows anti-inflammatory, antiandrogenic, and antimicrobial activities.
Cell Commun Signal, 2019, 17(1):122
BMC Cancer, 2019, 19(1):299
Exp Ther Med, 2019, 18(5):3514-3524
S9313 Atractylenolide III Atractylenolide III, a major component of Atractylodes rhizome, has anti-inflammatory and anti-angiogenesis activities.
S9317 Forsythoside A Forsythoside A, one of the main active ingredients in Forsythiae fructus, has been shown to possess anti-bacterial and immunomodulatory properties.
S9318 (20R)-Ginsenoside Rh1 (20R)-Ginsenoside Rh1, isolated from the root of Panax Ginseng, exhibits various pharmacological activities including vasorelaxation, antioxidation, anti-inflammation, and anticancer.
S9324 Alnustone Alnustone, a naturally occuring compound found in the rhizomes of Curcuma xanthorrhiza, exhibits anti-inflammatory, antihepatotoxic and antiemetic activities.
S9384 Sophocarpine Monohydrate Sophocarpine, a naturally occurring tetracyclic quinolizidine alkaloid derived from Sophora alopecuroides L, has shown promising therapeutic properties, including anti-inflammatory, anti-nociceptive, and antivirus activities.
S9405 Sesamoside Sesamoside, a main chemical ingredient iridoid glycoside from Lamiophlomic rotata, has analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects in animal studies.
S9406 Sauchinone Sauchinone, one of the active lignan isolated from the roots of Saururus chinensis, possesses diverse pharmacological properties, such as hepatoprotective, anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor effects.
S9407 Angoroside C Angoroside C, an important phenylpropanoid glycoside of the traditional Chinese medicine Scrophulariae Radix, possesses the effects of preventing ventricular remodeling, reducing pulmonary oedema, and reducing blood pressure, as well as having the properties of anti-platelet aggregation, hepatoprotection and anti-nephritis, etc.
S9408 Beta-Elemonic acid Beta-Elemonic acid (3-Oxotirucallenoic Acid), a known triterpene isolated from Boswellia (Burseraceae), exhibits anti‑inflammatory effects.
S9411 Liensinine Liensinine, an important functional compound in lotus seeds, has anti-cancer, anti-fibrosis, anti-proliferative, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory activities.
S9417 Homoplantaginin Homoplantaginin (Hispidulin-7-glucoside), a main flavonoid from a traditional Chinese medicine Salvia plebeia, has anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant properties. Homoplantaginin inhibits TNF-α and IL-6 mRNA expression, IKKβ and NF-κB phosphorylation.
S9425 Trifolirhizin Trifolirhizin, a natural pterocarcan flavonoid extracted from Sophora flavescens, has many pharmacological activities, such as hepatoprotective, anti-inflammatory, anti-proliferation, and skin-whitening.
S9427 Tabersonine Tabersonine is a terpene indole alkaloid found in the medicinal plant Catharanthus roseus and shows hypotensive activity, anti-tumor activity, hypoglycemic, diuretic activity.
S9430 Tomatidine Hydrochloride Tomatidine Hydrochloride, a natural steroidal alkaloid, possesses potent antibacterial activity and has anti-inflammatory effects in macrophages.
Viruses, 2021, 13(8)1533
Vet Res, 2020, 51(1):136
Biosci Rep, 2019, 39(8)
S9431 Dehydrocorydalin Dehydrocorydalin is an alkaloidal component isolated from Rhizoma corydalis. It has anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor effects and can protect the cardiovascular system.
S9433 Tubeimoside II Tubeimoside II (Tubeimoside B), a natural triterpenoid saponin isolated from herb, show anti-inflammatory, antitumor, and antitumor-promoting effects.
S9437 Echinatin Echinatin is a licorice extract that displays antioxidant properties and anti-inflammatory activities.
S9439 Kaurenoic acid Kaurenoic acid (kaurenoate, kaur-16-en-18-oic acid) is a natural diterpenoid found in the herbs of Croton antisyphiliticus. Kaurenoic acid has anti-inflammatory activity, the mechanisms may through inhibition of iNOS and COX-2 expression.
S9440 Naringenin chalcone Naringenin chalcone (Chalconaringenin, Isosalipurpol, trans-2'4'6'4-tetrahydroxychalcone) is the main active component of tomato skin extract, has been proposed as an antioxidant, an anti-inflammatory, and a regulator of fat and sex hormone metabolism.
S9474 Acetylharpagide Acetylharpagide is a monomeric compound extracted from Ajuga decumbens, widely used for remedying infectious and inflammatory diseases.
Molecules, 2020, 25(23)E5523
S9488 Praeruptorin D Praeruptorin D, a major pyranocoumarin isolated from Radix Peucedani, exhibits antitumor and anti-inflammatory activities.
S9502 Madecassic acid Madecassic acid (Brahmic acid), a natural triterpene first isolated from C. asiatica, has diverse anti-inflammatory and anti-diabetic effects, blocking NF-κB activation in macrophages and causing by iNOS, COX-2, TNF-alpha, IL-1beta and IL-6 inhibition.
S9512 1,3-Dicaffeoylquinic acid 1,3-Dicaffeoylquinic acid (Cynarin; Cinarine; 1,5-Dicaffeoylquinic acid) is a phenolic compound found in artichoke. It shows antioxidant and choleretic properties and is a potential immunosuppressive agent.
S9551 Uvaol Uvaol is a pentacyclic triterpene, found in the non-glyceride fraction of olive pomace oil, exhibiting both pro- and anti-inflammatory properties.
S9560 Anisodamine Hydrobromide Anisodamine (6-Hydroxyhyoscyamine) is a naturally occurring atropine derivative and exhibits anti-inflammatory activity. It also inhibits α1-adrenergic receptors and muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (mAChRs).
A2028New Tiragolumab (anti-TIGIT) Tiragolumab (anti-TIGIT) (RG6058, MTIG7192A) is a humanized IgG1/kappa monoclonal antibody that binds TIGIT to prevent its interaction with its ligand PVR (CD155).
A2033New Vibostolimab (anti-TIGIT) Vibostolimab (anti-TIGIT, MK-7684) is a humanized monoclonal antibody that binds to the T-cell immunoreceptor with immunoglobulin and ITIM domains (TIGIT), blocking the interaction between TIGIT and its ligands, CD112 and CD155, thereby activating T lymphocytes which help to destroy tumor cells.
E0020New Lupenone Lupenone (Lup-20(29)-en-3-one, lupeone) is an isolated compound exhibiting anti-oxidative, anti-inflammation, and anti-diabetic activities. Lupenone can protect SH-SY5y cells against METH-induced neuronal apoptosis through the PI3K/Akt pathway.
E0022New Ophiopogonin D Ophiopogonin D (OJV-VI, Deacetylophiopogonin C) is a steroidal glycoside isolated from Chinese herb Radix ophiopogonis and shows anti-tumor property. Ophiopogonin D could suppress TGF-β1-mediated metastatic behavior of MDA-MB-231 cells by regulating ITGB1/FAK/Src/AKT/β-catenin/MMP-9 signaling axis. Ophiopogonin D attenuates PM2.5-induced inflammation via suppressing the AMPK/NF-κB pathway in mouse pulmonary epithelial cells.
E0119New Iptacopan (LNP023) Hydrochloride Iptacopan (LNP023) Hydrochloride is a first-in-class, orally administered, potent and highly selective factor B inhibitor with an IC50 of 12 nM and a Kd value of 7.9 nM. Iptacopan exhibits excellent selectivity over other proteases affording IC50s of >30 μM across a panel of 41 human proteases.
E0129New Oxysophocarpine Oxysophocarpine (OSC) is an alkaloid extracted from Sophora alopecuroides. Oxysophocarpine inhibits the growth and metastasis of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) by targeting the Nrf2/HO-1 axis. OSC protects cells against apoptosis and inflammatory responses and compromised miR-155 activity by attenuating MAPK and NF-κB pathways.
E0131New Luteolin-7-O-glucuronide

Luteolin-7-O-glucuronide (Luteolin 7-glucuronide) is a flavone glycoside found in plants. Luteolin-7-O-glucuronide possesses anti-microbial, antioxidant, anti-mutagenic, anti-genotoxic, anti-inflammatory, and anti-arthritic activities.

E0148New Linalyl Acetate

Linalyl Acetate (Bergamiol, Bergamol, Linalool acetate) is a naturally occurring phytochemical found in many flowers and spice plants. Linalyl Acetate is a potentially anti-inflammatory agent.

E0150New Carrageenan

Carrageenan (kappa-Carrageenan) is a natural carbohydrate (polysaccharide) obtained from edible red seaweeds. Carrageenan shows anticoagulant activity, antithrombotic activity, antiviral activity, anti-tumour activity and immunomodulatory activity.

E0365New Fucoidan

Fucoidan is an anionic sulfated polysaccharide extracted from marine brown algae with a large range of biological activities, including anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, anti-viral, anti-oxidation, anticoagulant, antithrombotic, anti-angiogenic and anti-Helicobacter pylori, etc.

S0920 Ginkgolide J Ginkgolide J is a minor constituent of terpene trilactone mixture of Ginkgo biloba leaves extract that inhibits GlyR-operated channels with IC50 of 2.0 μM. Ginkgolide J also inhibits cell death of rodent hippocampal neurons caused by Aβ1–42. Ginkgolide J exhibits anti‑inflammatory activity.
S0947 Cafestol Cafestol is a natural diterpenes extracted from coffee beans. Cafestol induces apoptosis and regulates a variety of inflammatory mediators to reduce inflammation. Cafestol inhibits PI3K/Akt pathway. Cafestol also can reduce the production of ROS in the leukemia cell line HL60.
S1514 Cyclosporine (NSC-290193) Cyclosporine (NSC-290193) is a calcineurin phosphatase pathway inhibitor, used as an immunosuppressant drug to prevent rejection in organ transplantation.
Cell Rep, 2021, 34(10):108832
Eur J Pharmacol, 2021, 898:173999
Nat Microbiol, 2019, 4(11):1840-1850
S1576 Sulfasalazine (NSC 667219) Sulfasalazine (NSC 667219, Azulfidine, Salazopyrin, Sulphasalazine) is a sulfa derivative of mesalazine, used as an anti-inflammatory agent to treat bowel disease and rheumatoid arthritis. Sulfasalazine is a potent and specific inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB), TGF-β and COX-2. Sulfasalazine induces ferroptosis, apoptosis and autophagy.
Cell Metab, 2021, S1550-4131(21)00233-3
Sci Adv, 2021, 7(35)eabj0364
Sci Adv, 2021, 7(27)eabh3032
S1591 Bestatin (NK421) Bestatin (NK421, Ubenimex) is a potent aminopeptidase-B and leukotriene (LT) A4 hydrolase inhibitor, used in the treatment of acute myelocytic leukemia.
Phytother Res, 2021, 35(6):3167-3180
Biochem Pharmacol, 2020, 175:113849
Phytomedicine, 2020, 78:153314
S1622 Prednisone (NSC-10023) Prednisone (NSC-10023, Adasone) is a synthetic corticosteroid agent that is particularly effective as an immunosuppressant compound.
Front Immunol, 2021, 12:739605
J Immunotoxicol, 2021, 18(1):154-162
Drug Test Anal, 2020, 10.1002/dta.2917
S1654 Phenylbutazone Phenylbutazone (Butazolidine) is used as a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent for the treatment of chronic pain, including the symptoms of arthritis.
Hum Cell, 2021, 10.1007/s13577-021-00639-4
Hum Cell, 2021, 10.1007/s13577-021-00579-z
Cancer Cell Int, 2020, 19;20:58
S2286 Cyclosporin A (NSC 290193) Cyclosporin A (Cyclosporine A, Cyclosporine, Ciclosporin, CsA) is an immunosuppressive agent, binds to the cyclophilin and then inhibits calcineurin with IC50 of 7 nM in a cell-free assay, widely used in organ transplantation to prevent rejection.
Cell Rep, 2021, 35(7):109159
Protein Cell, 2021, 10.1007/s13238-021-00885-0
PLoS Biol, 2021, 19(4):e3001134
S2512 Tenoxicam Tenoxicam is a good HO. radicals scavenger with an IC50 of 56.7 μM.
S3032 Bindarit (AF 2838) Bindarit (AF 2838) exhibits selective inhibition against monocyte chemotactic proteins MCP-1/CCL2, MCP-3/CCL7 and MCP-2/CCL8.
Hum Cell, 2021, 10.1007/s13577-021-00579-z
Hum Cell, 2021, 10.1007/s13577-021-00639-4
Cancer Cell Int, 2020, 19;20:58
S3500New Pentosan Polysulfate Sodium Pentosan Polysulfate Sodium (PPS, Elmiron) is an orally bioavailable, semi-synthetic medication with anti-inflammatory and pro-chondrogenic properties. Pentosan Polysulfate Sodium also exhibits anti-HIV-1 activity.
S3501New Perflubron Perflubron (1-Bromoperfluorooctane, Perfluorooctyl bromide, Oxygent, PFOB) exhibits anti-inflammatory activity thus decreases cytokine production in human alveolar macrophages. Perflubron also attenuates oxidative damage to both biological and nonbiological systems which is independent of its anti-inflammatory properties.
S3608 Demethylzeylasteral (T-96) Demethylzeylasteral (T-96), the active component isolated from Tripterygium wilfordii Hook F., inhibits UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) isoforms UGT1A6 and UGT2B7 with immunosuppressive effects.
J Cancer, 2021, 12(13):3967-3975
Front Biosci (Landmark Ed), 2020, 25:498-512
S3622 Diammonium Glycyrrhizinate Diammonium glycyrrhizinate (DG), a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), is extracted and purified from liquorices (Radix glycyrrhizae). It is known for its anti-inflammatory effects, resistance to biologic oxidation and membranous protection. DG is able to reduce inflammatory injury via suppression of NF‑κB, TNF‑α and intercellular adhesion molecule 1.
S3758 Sinomenine hydrochloride Sinomenine (SN, Cucoline, Kukoline, Sabianine A), extracted from the Chinese medicinal plant, sinomenium acutum, is a potent anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective agent.
Cancer Manag Res, 2021, 13:1189-1204
Bioorg Med Chem, 2020, 31:115986
S3761New Eucalyptol Eucalyptol (NSC 6171, 1,8-Cineol, 1,8-cineole, 1,8-Epoxy-p-menthane, 1,8-Oxido-p-menthane, Cineol, Cineole) is a monoterpenoid oil present in many plants, principally the Eucalyptus species, and has been reported to have anti-inflammatory and antioxidative effects. Eucalyptol controls airway mucus hypersecretion and asthma via anti-inflammatory cytokine inhibition.
S3892 Isopsoralen Isopsoralen (Angelicin), also known as angelicin, is a constituent of roots and leaves of angelica with anti-inflammatory activity and regulates LPS-induced inflammation via inhibiting MAPK/NF-κB pathways. It also shows antiviral activity against gammaherpesviruses.
S4268 Flufenamic acid Flufenamic Acid is an anti-inflammatory agent, and also acts as an ion channel modulator.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Cell Biol Lipids, 2020, 1865(12):158793
S4753 Ganoderic acid A Ganoderic acid A (GAA), a representative active triterpenoid from Ganoderma lucidum, has been reported to exhibit antinociceptive, antioxidative, cytotoxic, hepatoprotective and anticancer activities.
S5004 Pimecrolimus Pimecrolimus (ASM 981) is an immunophilin ligand, which binds specifically to the cytosolic receptor, immunophilin macrophilin-12 (FKBP-12); a calcineurin inhibitor.
Hum Cell, 2021, 10.1007/s13577-021-00639-4
Hum Cell, 2021, 10.1007/s13577-021-00579-z
PLoS Pathog, 2020, 16(11):e1009022
S5360 Diflorasone Diflorasone acts as a corticosteroid hormone receptor agonist with anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive properties.
S5361 Bendazac Bendazac (bendazolic acid, AF-983) is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug that delays the cataractogenic process. It may act by preventing protein denaturation.
S5412 Loxoprofen Sodium Loxoprofen sodium is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug.
S5466 Saikosaponin A Saikosaponin A is a triterpene saponin derived from the medicinal plant, Bupleurum chinensis DC. (Umbelliferae). It has a variety of pharmacological benefits, including anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, and anti-bacterial activities.
S5661 Tiaprofenic acid Tiaprofenic acid (Tiaprofensaeure, Acido tiaprofenico) is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug used to treat pain, especially arthritic pain.
S6239New PMX-53 PMX-53 is a potent CD88 (C5aR) antagonist and inhibits C5a-induced neutrophil myeloperoxidase release and chemotaxis with IC50 values of 22 nM and 75 nM, respectively. PMX-53 is also an agonist of Mas-related gene 2 (MrgX2).
S6812New Z-Guggulsterone Z-Guggulsterone, a constituent of Ayurvedic medicinal plant Commiphora mukul, inhibits angiogenesis in vitro and in vivo. Z-Guggulsterone exhibits anti-inflammatory effects in microglia. Z-Guggulsterone induces apoptosis in gastric cancer cells through the intrinsic mitochondria-dependent pathway.
S7434 TAPI-1 TAPI-1 is an ADAM17/TACE inhibitor, which blocks shedding of cytokine receptors. TAPI-1 is also an inhibitor of Matrix Metalloproteinase (MMP).
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 2021, 118(32)e2026123118
EMBO Mol Med, 2020, 7;12(2):e10154
Cell Syst, 2020, 10(3):240-253
S8291 Atractylenolide I Atractylenolide I is the major sesquiterpenoid of the rhizome of A. macrocephala and shows a wide spectrum of pharmacological activities such as antiinflammatory, digestion promoting, and antioxidant effects.
Mol Med Rep, 2021, 24(4)691
Mol Nutr Food Res, 2020, 64(5):e1900655
Front Pharmacol, 2020, 26;11:273
S8660 GI254023X GI254023X (GI 4023, SRI028594) is a selective inhibitor of ADAM10 with 100-fold selectivity for ADAM10 over ADAM17. The IC50 values for recombinant ADAM10 amd ADAM17 are 5.3 nM and 541 nM, respectively.
PLoS Pathog, 2021, 17(7):e1009752
Front Microbiol, 2021, 12:694489
bioRxiv, 2021, 10.1101/2021.03.29.437456
S9032 Sanguinarine Sanguinarine (Pseudochelerythrine, Sanguinarin, Sanguinarium), a benzophenanthridine alkaloid known as an anti-inflammatory agent, is a potent inhibitor of NF-κB activation.
Onco Targets Ther, 2020, 13:8989-9003
S9033 Incensole acetate Incensole acetate, isolated from Boswellia Resin, is a novel anti-inflammatory compound that inhibits NF-κB activation.
S9055 Salvianolic acid A Salvianolic acid A (Dan Phenolic Acid A), a water-soluble compound extracted from Radix Salvia miltiorrhiza (Danshen), is an antioxidant and free radical scavenging compound that also acts as an inhibitor of the protein-protein interaction mediated by SH2 domains of Src-family kinases Src and Lck.
Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol, 2021, 48(4):508-514
S9064 Trilobatin Trilobatin (P-Phlorizin), a natural flavonoid lipid molecule, is an HIV-1 entry inhibitor targeting the HIV-1 Gp41 envelope and exihibits anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory effect.
S9072 Sweroside Sweroside, a bioactive herbal ingredient isolated from Fructus Corni, exhibits diverse biological activities, such as anti-fungal, anti-diabetic, anti-inflammatory, and anti-tumor effects.
S9090 Corilagin Corilagin, discovered in many medicinal plants such as Phyllanthus speices etc., has multiple activities including anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory, anti-apoptotic, hepatoprotective and others. It is an inhibitor of TNF-α.
S9106 Eleutheroside E Eleutheroside E, a principal component of Eleutherococcus senticosus (ES), has anti-inflammatory effects by inhibiting NF-κB and protecting against myocardial infarction.
S9148 Peiminine Peiminine (Verticinone, Zhebeinone, Raddeanine), a biologically active component extracted from Fritillaria walujewii Regel, has been reported to have potent anti-inflammatory, antitussive, and expectorant effects. It induces autophagic cell death thus represses colorectal carcinoma tumor growth.
S9920New GYY4137 GYY4137 is a novel, water-soluble hydrogen sulfide (H2S)–releasing molecule with vasodilator and antihypertensive activity. GYY4137 shows potent anti-hepatocellular carcinoma activity through blocking the STAT3 pathway. GYY4137 also shows anti-inflammatory activity.
A2001 Ipilimumab (anti-CTLA-4) Ipilimumab (anti-CTLA-4) is an immunomodulatory monoclonal antibody directed against the cell surface antigen CTLA-4 and also a type of immune checkpoint inhibitor. MW : 148 kD.
Clin Cancer Res, 2021, clincanres.0982.2021
Cancer Immunol Immunother, 2021, 10.1007/s00262-021-03036-w
Front Immunol, 2020, 11:598556
A2009 Rituximab (anti-CD20) Rituximab (anti-CD20) is a chimeric anti-CD20 mAb that binds the CD20 antigen on B cells with a binding affinity of 5 nM, MW: 143.86 KD.
Biophys Chem, 2021, 275:106609
Blood Adv, 2021, 5(10):2467-2480
Biomacromolecules, 2020, 22(2):723-731
A5093 NFAT1 Rabbit Recombinant mAb NFAT1 Rabbit Recombinant mAb detects endogenous levels of total NFAT1.
A5158 CD33 Rabbit Recombinant mAb CD33 Rabbit Recombinant mAb detects endogenous level of CD33.
A5160 CD23 Rabbit Recombinant mAb CD23 Rabbit Recombinant mAb detects endogenous level of CD23.
A5170 Phospho-LAT (Y191) Rabbit Recombinant mAb Phospho-LAT (Y191) Rabbit Recombinant mAb detects endogenous level of total Phospho-LAT (Y191).
A5212 CD79a Rabbit Recombinant mAb CD79a Rabbit Recombinant mAb detects endogenous level of total CD79a.
A5289 L1CAM Rabbit Recombinant mAb L1CAM Rabbit Recombinant mAb detects endogenous level of total L1CAM.
S0474 Avacopan (CCX168) Avacopan (CCX168) is an orally administered and selective C5a receptor (C5aR) antagonist.
S1829 Pranlukast Pranlukast (ONO-1078) is an orally administered, and selective antagonist of the cysteinyl leukotrienes (LT) C(4), LTD(4) and LTE(4), used in the prophylactic treatment of chronic bronchial asthma.
Cancer Immunol Immunother, 2021, 70(1):203-213
S4529 Idramantone Idramantone (Kemantane, 5-Hydroxy-2-adamantanone) is an immune agonist.
S4709 Latanoprost Latanoprost (Xalatan, PhXA41) is a prostaglandin F2alpha analogue and a prostanoid selective FP receptor agonist with an ocular hypertensive effect. Latanoprost increases uveoscleral outflow and thereby reduces intraocular pressure.
S5973New Methylprednisolone Acetate Methylprednisolone (NSC-19987, Medrol) acetate is a synthetic glucocorticoid receptor agonist, used to achieve prompt suppression of inflammation. Methylprednisolone activates ACE2 and reduces IL-6 levels, thus improves severe or critical COVID-19. Methylprednisolone markedly reduces autophagy and apoptosis.
S1733 Methylprednisolone (NSC-19987) Methylprednisolone (NSC-19987) is a synthetic glucocorticoid receptor agonist, used to achieve prompt suppression of inflammation. Methylprednisolone activates ACE2 and reduces IL-6 levels, thus improves severe or critical COVID-19. Methylprednisolone markedly reduces autophagy and apoptosis.
Drug Test Anal, 2020, 10.1002/dta.2917
Nat Med, 2017, 23(4):424-428
Trop J Pharm Res, 2014, 13 (1): 53-59
S1737 Prednisolone (NSC-9900) Prednisolone (NSC-9900) is a synthetic glucocorticoid with anti-inflammatory and immunomodulating properties.
J Immunotoxicol, 2021, 18(1):154-162
Eur J Rheumatol, 2021, 10.5152/eurjrheum.2021.20054
Ther Adv Hematol, 2020, 11:2040620719898373
S2307 Roquinimex Roquinimex (FCF 89, Linomide, LS 2616) is a novel immunomodulator augmenting natural killer (NK) cell activity and T-lymphocyte related effector functions. Roquinimex is a potent oral active tumor antiangiogenic agent. Roquinimex inhibits the secretion of TNF-α.
S2787 Laquinimod Laquinimod (ABR-215062, LAQ) is a potent immunomodulator. Phase 3.
Int Immunopharmacol, 2020, 88:106989
J Neuroinflammation, 2018, 15(1):183
S3648 Amlexanox (AA-673) Amlexanox (AA-673, CHX-3673, Amoxanox) is an anti-inflammatory antiallergic immunomodulator and also an inhibitor of the protein kinases TBK1 and IKK-ε.
Gut, 2021, 70(5):890-899
Biochem Biophys Res Commun, 2021, 560:1-6
ACS Omega, 2021, 6(6):4289-4299
S3668 Thymopentin Thymopentin (TP5) has immuno-regulatory activities. The immuno-regulatory actions of thymopentin on peripheral T cells are mediated by intracellular cyclic GMP elevations in contrast to the intracellular cyclic AMP elevations induced in precursor T cells that trigger their further differentiation to T cells.
S4842New Balsalazide Balsalazide (Colazal, Giazo), an aminosalicylate and oral prodrug, is enzymatically cleaved in the colon to produce the anti-inflammatory agent mesalazine. Balsalazide suppress colitis-associated carcinogenesis through modulation of IL-6/STAT3 pathway.
S5039 Actarit Actarit (4-acetylaminophenylacetic acid) is an orally active immunomodulator used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.
S5083 Lentinan Lentinan (A823605, Bromoduline), isolated and purified from a hot water extract of Lentinula edodes fruit bodies, is a fungal polysaccharide immunomodulator with anti-tumor effects.
S5969New Dicloxacillin Sodium hydrate Dicloxacillin Sodium hydrate (DLX, Dycill, Dynapen, Pathocil), a narrow-spectrum β-Lactam antibiotic of the penicillin class, induces drug-metabolizing CYP enzymes to a clinically relevant extent.
S7515 VGX-1027 VGX-1027 (GIT 27) is an orally active immunomodulator. Phase 1.
Eur J Pharmacol, 2019, 842:373-383
S7516 Y-320 Y-320 is an orally active immunomodulator, and inhibits IL-17 production by CD4 T cells stimulated with IL-15 with IC50 of 20 to 60 nM.
J Virol, 2021, JVI0111921
Research Square, 2021, 10.21203/rs.3.rs-742937/v1
Am J Pathol, 2018, 188(7):1693-1702
S7892 Avadomide (CC-122) Avadomide (CC-122), a new chemical entity termed pleiotropic pathway modifier, is a novel agent for Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma(DLBCL) with antitumor and immunomodulatory activity. Its molecular target is the protein cereblon (CRBN), a substrate receptor of the cullin ring E3 ubiquitin ligase complex CRL4CRBN.
Leukemia, 2021, 35(5):1330-1343
Mol Ther Oncolytics, 2020, 18:215-225
Blood Adv, 2019, 3(14):2105-2117
S8301 AS101 AS101, a potent in vitro and in vivo immunomodulator, is a novel inhibitor of IL-1beta converting enzyme.
Front Immunol, 2021, 12:645653
World J Stem Cells, 2021, 13(2):177-192
J Immunol, 2020, 205(10):2694-2706
S8760 Iberdomide (CC220) Iberdomide (CC-220) is a novel oral immunomodulatory compound that targets cereblon, part of the CRL4CRBN E3 ubiquitin ligase complex, with an IC50 of 60 nM in a competitive TR-FRET assay. Iberdomide (CC-220) induces apoptosis with antitumor and immunostimulatory activities.
Mol Cancer Ther, 2021, 10.1158/1535-7163.MCT-20-0831
Hemasphere, 2021, 5(7):e602
A2028New Tiragolumab (anti-TIGIT) Tiragolumab (anti-TIGIT) (RG6058, MTIG7192A) is a humanized IgG1/kappa monoclonal antibody that binds TIGIT to prevent its interaction with its ligand PVR (CD155).
A2033New Vibostolimab (anti-TIGIT) Vibostolimab (anti-TIGIT, MK-7684) is a humanized monoclonal antibody that binds to the T-cell immunoreceptor with immunoglobulin and ITIM domains (TIGIT), blocking the interaction between TIGIT and its ligands, CD112 and CD155, thereby activating T lymphocytes which help to destroy tumor cells.
E0020New Lupenone Lupenone (Lup-20(29)-en-3-one, lupeone) is an isolated compound exhibiting anti-oxidative, anti-inflammation, and anti-diabetic activities. Lupenone can protect SH-SY5y cells against METH-induced neuronal apoptosis through the PI3K/Akt pathway.
E0022New Ophiopogonin D Ophiopogonin D (OJV-VI, Deacetylophiopogonin C) is a steroidal glycoside isolated from Chinese herb Radix ophiopogonis and shows anti-tumor property. Ophiopogonin D could suppress TGF-β1-mediated metastatic behavior of MDA-MB-231 cells by regulating ITGB1/FAK/Src/AKT/β-catenin/MMP-9 signaling axis. Ophiopogonin D attenuates PM2.5-induced inflammation via suppressing the AMPK/NF-κB pathway in mouse pulmonary epithelial cells.
E0119New Iptacopan (LNP023) Hydrochloride Iptacopan (LNP023) Hydrochloride is a first-in-class, orally administered, potent and highly selective factor B inhibitor with an IC50 of 12 nM and a Kd value of 7.9 nM. Iptacopan exhibits excellent selectivity over other proteases affording IC50s of >30 μM across a panel of 41 human proteases.
E0129New Oxysophocarpine Oxysophocarpine (OSC) is an alkaloid extracted from Sophora alopecuroides. Oxysophocarpine inhibits the growth and metastasis of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) by targeting the Nrf2/HO-1 axis. OSC protects cells against apoptosis and inflammatory responses and compromised miR-155 activity by attenuating MAPK and NF-κB pathways.
E0131New Luteolin-7-O-glucuronide

Luteolin-7-O-glucuronide (Luteolin 7-glucuronide) is a flavone glycoside found in plants. Luteolin-7-O-glucuronide possesses anti-microbial, antioxidant, anti-mutagenic, anti-genotoxic, anti-inflammatory, and anti-arthritic activities.

E0148New Linalyl Acetate

Linalyl Acetate (Bergamiol, Bergamol, Linalool acetate) is a naturally occurring phytochemical found in many flowers and spice plants. Linalyl Acetate is a potentially anti-inflammatory agent.

E0150New Carrageenan

Carrageenan (kappa-Carrageenan) is a natural carbohydrate (polysaccharide) obtained from edible red seaweeds. Carrageenan shows anticoagulant activity, antithrombotic activity, antiviral activity, anti-tumour activity and immunomodulatory activity.

E0365New Fucoidan

Fucoidan is an anionic sulfated polysaccharide extracted from marine brown algae with a large range of biological activities, including anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, anti-viral, anti-oxidation, anticoagulant, antithrombotic, anti-angiogenic and anti-Helicobacter pylori, etc.

S3500New Pentosan Polysulfate Sodium Pentosan Polysulfate Sodium (PPS, Elmiron) is an orally bioavailable, semi-synthetic medication with anti-inflammatory and pro-chondrogenic properties. Pentosan Polysulfate Sodium also exhibits anti-HIV-1 activity.
S3501New Perflubron Perflubron (1-Bromoperfluorooctane, Perfluorooctyl bromide, Oxygent, PFOB) exhibits anti-inflammatory activity thus decreases cytokine production in human alveolar macrophages. Perflubron also attenuates oxidative damage to both biological and nonbiological systems which is independent of its anti-inflammatory properties.
S3761New Eucalyptol Eucalyptol (NSC 6171, 1,8-Cineol, 1,8-cineole, 1,8-Epoxy-p-menthane, 1,8-Oxido-p-menthane, Cineol, Cineole) is a monoterpenoid oil present in many plants, principally the Eucalyptus species, and has been reported to have anti-inflammatory and antioxidative effects. Eucalyptol controls airway mucus hypersecretion and asthma via anti-inflammatory cytokine inhibition.
S6239New PMX-53 PMX-53 is a potent CD88 (C5aR) antagonist and inhibits C5a-induced neutrophil myeloperoxidase release and chemotaxis with IC50 values of 22 nM and 75 nM, respectively. PMX-53 is also an agonist of Mas-related gene 2 (MrgX2).
S6812New Z-Guggulsterone Z-Guggulsterone, a constituent of Ayurvedic medicinal plant Commiphora mukul, inhibits angiogenesis in vitro and in vivo. Z-Guggulsterone exhibits anti-inflammatory effects in microglia. Z-Guggulsterone induces apoptosis in gastric cancer cells through the intrinsic mitochondria-dependent pathway.
S9920New GYY4137 GYY4137 is a novel, water-soluble hydrogen sulfide (H2S)–releasing molecule with vasodilator and antihypertensive activity. GYY4137 shows potent anti-hepatocellular carcinoma activity through blocking the STAT3 pathway. GYY4137 also shows anti-inflammatory activity.
S5973New Methylprednisolone Acetate Methylprednisolone (NSC-19987, Medrol) acetate is a synthetic glucocorticoid receptor agonist, used to achieve prompt suppression of inflammation. Methylprednisolone activates ACE2 and reduces IL-6 levels, thus improves severe or critical COVID-19. Methylprednisolone markedly reduces autophagy and apoptosis.
S4842New Balsalazide Balsalazide (Colazal, Giazo), an aminosalicylate and oral prodrug, is enzymatically cleaved in the colon to produce the anti-inflammatory agent mesalazine. Balsalazide suppress colitis-associated carcinogenesis through modulation of IL-6/STAT3 pathway.
S5969New Dicloxacillin Sodium hydrate Dicloxacillin Sodium hydrate (DLX, Dycill, Dynapen, Pathocil), a narrow-spectrum β-Lactam antibiotic of the penicillin class, induces drug-metabolizing CYP enzymes to a clinically relevant extent.
E0025New 2-Hydroxybenzylamine 2-Hydroxybenzylamine (2-(Aminomethyl)phenol, 2-HOBA, NSC 127870) is a naturally occurring compound found in buckwheat and is a selective scavenger of dicarbonyl electrophiles that protects proteins and lipids from being modified by these electrophiles. 2-HOBA reduces inflammation and plaque apoptotic cells and promotes efferocytosis and features of stable plaques. 2-HOBA has potential for use as a nutrition supplement due to its ability to protect against the damaging effects of oxidative stress.
E0174New Betamethasone sodium phosphate

Betamethasone sodium phosphate (Betamethasone 21-Phosphate Disodium Salt) is a potent glucocorticoid with anti-inflammatory activity.

E0202New Benzoylmesaconine Benzoylmesaconine (Mesaconine 14-benzoate) is a main Aconitum alkaloid isolated from several Aconitum species with potent pharmacological activities, such as analgesia and anti-inflammation.
E0205New Strictosamide Strictosamide is the main representative constituent of Nauclea officinalis Pierre ex Pitard (Rubiaceae) with anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities.
P1104New Glatiramer acetate

Glatiramer acetate is a synthetic copolymer composed of a random mixture of four amino acids that modifies the immune response.

S5260New ATP ATP (Adenosine-Triphosphate, Adenosine 5'-triphosphate) is a multifunctional nucleoside triphosphate and an important endogenous signaling molecule in immunity and inflammation.
Cell Rep, 2021, 36(6):109516
J Inflamm Res, 2021, 14:3969-3983