Molecular Weight(MW): 1202.61
Cyclosporine is a calcineurin phosphatase pathway inhibitor, used as an immunosuppressant drug to prevent rejection in organ transplantation.
Purity & Quality Control
Choose Selective phosphatase Inhibitors
|Description||Cyclosporine is a calcineurin phosphatase pathway inhibitor, used as an immunosuppressant drug to prevent rejection in organ transplantation.|
Cyclosporine induces phenotypic changes, including invasiveness of non-transformed cells, by a cell-autonomous mechanism. Cyclosporine treatment of adenocarcinoma cells results in striking morphological alterations, including membrane ruffling and numerous pseudopodial protrusions, increased cell motility, and anchorage-independent (invasive) growth.  Cyclosporine (cyclosporin A, CsA) has potent immunosuppressive properties, reflecting its ability to block the transcription of cytokine genes in activated T cells. Cyclosporine through formation of a complex with cyclophilin inhibits the phosphatase activity of calcineurin, which regulates nuclear translocation and subsequent activation of NFAT transcription factors. Cyclosporine also blocks the activation of JNK and p38 signaling pathways triggered by antigen recognition, making CsA a highly specific inhibitor of T cell activation.  Cyclosporine-mediated inhibition of the biliary excretion of MPAG by the Mrp2 transporter is the mechanism responsible for the interaction between Cyclosporine and mycophenolate mofetil (MMF).  Cyclosporine inhibits biochemical and morphological differentiation of skeletal muscle cells while having a minimal effect on proliferation. 
|In vivo||Cyclosporine enhances tumour growth in immunodeficient SCID-beige mice.  Cyclosporine inhibits muscle regeneration after induced trauma in mice.  Cyclosporine peaks at 1 hour in blood, spleen, and kidney, with higher concentrations in spleen and kidney than in blood. |
-  Hojo M, et al. Nature, 1999, 397(6719), 530-534.
-  Matsuda S, et al. Immunopharmacology, 2000, 47(2-3), 119-125.
-  Hesselink DA, et al. Am J Transplant, 2005, 5(5), 987-994.
|In vitro||DMSO||100 mg/mL warmed (83.15 mM)|
|Ethanol||100 mg/mL (83.15 mM)|
|In vivo||Add solvents to the product individually and in order(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
2% DMSO+40% PEG 300+2% Tween 80+ddH2O
For best results, use promptly after mixing.
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
Calculate the mass, volume or concentration required for a solution. The Selleck molarity calculator is based on the following equation:
Mass (mg) = Concentration (mM) × Volume (mL) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)
*When preparing stock solutions, please always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the via label and MSDS / COA (available on product pages).
Calculate the dilution required to prepare a stock solution. The Selleck dilution calculator is based on the following equation:
Concentration (start) x Volume (start) = Concentration (final) x Volume (final)
This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )
* When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and MSDS / COA (available online).
Molecular Weight Calculator
Enter the chemical formula of a compound to calculate its molar mass and elemental composition:
Tip: Chemical formula is case sensitive. C10H16N2O2 c10h16n2o2
Instructions to calculate molar mass (molecular weight) of a chemical compound:
To calculate molar mass of a chemical compound, please enter its chemical formula and click 'Calculate'.
Definitions of molecular mass, molecular weight, molar mass and molar weight:
Molecular mass (molecular weight) is the mass of one molecule of a substance and is expressed in the unified atomic mass units (u). (1 u is equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12)
Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol.
Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||interventions||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT04023760||Recruiting||Drug: Apixaban||Pharmacokinetics|Kidney Transplant|Lung Transplant||University of Saskatchewan|Saskatchewan Health Research Foundation|Lung Association of Saskatchewan||June 26 2019||Phase 4|
|NCT03750383||Completed||Drug: EDP-938|Drug: Cyclosporine|Drug: Prednisone||RSV Infection||Enanta Pharmaceuticals|Pharmaceutical Research Associates||November 2 2018||Phase 1|
|NCT03865888||Completed||Drug: Cyclosporins|Drug: Tacrolimus||Dry Eye|Sjogren Syndrome||Pavly Moawd|Cairo University||October 30 2018||Phase 3|
|NCT02998645||Recruiting||Drug: eltrombopag|Drug: Cyclosporine||Severe Aplastic Anemia||Novartis Pharmaceuticals|Novartis||May 11 2017||Phase 2|
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
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Frequently Asked Questions
What is the difference between S2286 (cyclosporin A) and S1514 (cyclosporin)?
Cyclosporine is a mixture of Cyclosporine A, derivatives of Cyclosporine A, salts of Cyclosporine A. Cyclosporine A is an especially useful Cyclosporine component.