Ganoderic acid A
Molecular Weight(MW): 516.67
Ganoderic acid A (GAA), a representative active triterpenoid from Ganoderma lucidum, has been reported to exhibit antinociceptive, antioxidative, cytotoxic, hepatoprotective and anticancer activities.
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|Description||Ganoderic acid A (GAA), a representative active triterpenoid from Ganoderma lucidum, has been reported to exhibit antinociceptive, antioxidative, cytotoxic, hepatoprotective and anticancer activities.|
GAA exhibits antitumor activity on human osteosarcoma, lymphoma, meningioma and breast cancer cells through suppressing growth and invasive behavior and/or inducing apoptosis of cancer cells. GAA could also enhance chemosensitivity of HepG2 cells to Cisplatin. GA-A treatment induces caspase-dependent apoptotic cell death characterized by a dose-dependent increase in active caspases 9 and 3, up-regulation of pro-apoptotic BIM and BAX proteins, and a subsequent loss of mitochondrial membrane potential with release of cytochrome c. Lower doses of GA-A enhance HLA class II-mediated antigen presentation and CD4+ T cell recognition of lymphoma in vitro.
|In vivo||GAA can significantly prolong the survival of EL4 syngeneic mice and decrease tumor metastasis to the liver, and enhance cell-mediated immune responses by attenuating myeloid-derived suppressor cells. GAA could undergo extensive metabolism, including reduction, oxidation, and hydroxylation phase I metabolism, and glucuronidation and sulfation phase II metabolism.|
|In vitro||DMSO||100 mg/mL (193.54 mM)|
|Ethanol||100 mg/mL warmed (193.54 mM)|
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