Antibiotics

Inhibitory Selectivity

Antibiotics Products

Catalog No. Information Product Use Citations Product Validations
S1228

Idarubicin HCl

Idarubicin HCl (4-demethoxydaunorubicin, NSC256439, 4-DMDR) is a hydrochloride salt form of Idarubicin which is an anthracycline antibiotic and a DNA topoisomerase II (topo II) inhibitor for MCF-7 cells with IC50 of 3.3 ng/mL in a cell-free assay. Idarubicin induces mTOR-dependent cytotoxic autophagy.

S7046

Brefeldin A

Brefeldin A is a lactone antibiotic and ATPase inhibitor for protein transport with IC50 of 0.2 μM in HCT 116 cells, induces cancer cell differentiation and apoptosis. It could also improve the HDR(homology-directed repair) efficiency and be an enhancer of CRISPR-mediated HDR. Brefeldin A is also an inhibitor of autophagy and mitophagy.

S4974New

Oxacillin sodium

Oxacillin sodium (salt) is a narrow-spectrum β-lactam antibiotic that can be used for treatment of methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) bacteremia.

S4979New

Procaine penicillin G

Penicillin G Procaine (PGP, Penicillin G Procaine, Bicillin C-R), a crystalline complex combining penicillin G with procaine, is a β-lactam antibiotic.

S4490New

Tetracycline

Tetracycline (TC) is a broad-spectrum antibiotic that exhibits activity against a wide range of microorganisms including gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, chlamydiae, mycoplasmas, rickettsiae, and protozoan parasites.

S5199New

Oxytetracycline hydrochloride

Oxytetracycline (OTC, Oxycycin, Stevacin, Terramycin) hydrochloride is a prescription antibiotic, interfering with the ability of bacteria to produce essential proteins.

S5008New

Ciprofloxacin hydrochloride

Ciprofloxacin (CPX, Cetraxal, Ciloxan, Cipro, Bay-09867) hydrochloride, a fluorinated quinolone, is a β-diketone antibiotic with a broad spectrum antibacterial activity. Ciprofloxacin is an inhibitor of bacterial DNA gyrase (a subclass of Type II topoisomerases).

S4488New

Delafloxacin Meglumine

Delafloxacin (ABT-492, RX-3341, WQ-3034, Baxdela) meglumine is a broad-spectrum fluoroquinolone antibiotic against multiple pathogens.

S6584New

Amdinocillin

Amdinocillin (Mecillinam, Coactin, FL 1060) is a β-lactam antibiotic with a broad spectrum of antibacterial activity. Amdinocillin is active alone against many gram-negative organisms.

S4425New

Rifamycin S

Rifamycin S, a quinone and an antibiotic against Gram-positive bacteria (including MRSA), is a clinical drug used to treat tuberculosis and leprosy. Rifamycin S generates reactive oxygen species (ROS) and inhibits microsomal lipid peroxidation.

S4436New

Pleuromutilin

Pleuromutilin (Drosophilin B, Mutilin 14-glycolate), the lead compound for novel antibiotics, inhibits bacterial protein synthesis by binding to the 50S ribosomal subunit of bacteria.

S3496New

Lefamulin acetate (Xenleta)

Lefamulin acetate (Xenleta, BC-3781 acetate) is a pleuromutilin antibiotic for community-acquired bacterial pneumonia (CABP) treatment. Lefamulin acetate inhibits protein synthesis by binding to the peptidyl transferase center of the 50S bacterial ribosome, thus preventing the binding of transfer RNA for peptide transfer.

S2527

Methacycline HCl

Methacycline HCl (Rondomycin) is a tetracycline antibiotic, and also an inhibitor of epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT) with IC50 of roughly 5 μM, used to treat various infections.

S1611

Cefoperazone

Cefoperazone is a cephalosporin antibiotic for inhibition of rMrp2-mediated [3H]E217βG uptake with IC50 of 199 μM.

S2908

Hygromycin B

Hygromycin B (Hygrovetine), a selective antibiotic that is effective on most bacteria, fungi and higher eukaryotes, inhibits protein synthesis by interfering with translocation and causing mistranslation at the 70S ribosome.

S1791

Bacitracin Zinc

Bacitracin is an antibiotic that interferes with the dephosphorylation of C55-isoprenyl pyrophosphate, a membrane carrier molecule that transports the building-blocks of the peptidoglycan bacterial cell wall outside of the inner membrane. It inhibits cleavage of Tyr from Met-enkephalin with IC50 of 10 μM.

S4941

Farnesol

Farnesol is a natural sesquiterpene alcohol that is potent in treating antimetabolic disorders, anti-inflammation, showing antioxidant, anticancer, and antibiotic effects.

S7784

Fumagillin

Fumagillin is a selective and potent irreversible inhibitor of Methionine aminopeptidase 2 (MetAP2), used as an antibiotic to treat microsporidiosis.

S4647

Cefmenoxime hydrochloride

Cefmenoxime (SCE-1365), a potent inhibitor of Enterobacteriaceae, is a cephalosporin antibiotic that is administered intravenously or intramuscularly.

S6549

PBTZ169

PBTZ169 (macozinone), an antibiotic with antimycobacterial activity, is an irreversible inhibitor of DprE1.

S3028

Geneticin (G418 Sulfate)

Geneticin (G418 Sulfate), an aminoglycoside antibiotic, is an elongation inhibitor of 80 S ribosomes that blocks polypeptide synthesis by inhibiting the elongation step in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.

S7417

Puromycin (CL13900) 2HCl

Puromycin 2HCl (CL13900) is an aminonucleoside antibiotic, which acts as a protein synthesis inhibitor.

S4783

Benzyl isothiocyanate

Benzyl isothiocyanate (BITC, Benzoylthiocarbimide, Isothiocyanic Acid Benzoyl Ester) is an isothiocyanate originally found in cruciferous vegetables that exhibits immunomodulatory, anti-parasitic, antibiotic, antioxidative, anti-atherosclerotic, anti-angiogenic, anti-metastatic, anticancer chemotherapeutic, and chemopreventive activities.

S7419

Blasticidin S HCl

Blasticidin S HCl is a nucleoside antibiotic isolated from Stretomyces girseochromogenes, and acts as a DNA and protein synthesis inhibitor, used to select transfected cells carrying bsr or BSD resistance genes.

S1208

Doxorubicin (Adriamycin) HCl

Doxorubicin (Adriamycin, NSC 123127, DOX, Hydroxydaunorubicin) HCl is an antibiotic agent that inhibits DNA topoisomerase II and induces DNA damage, mitophagy and apoptosis in tumor cells. Doxorubicin reduces basal phosphorylation of AMPK. Doxorubicin is used in the concomitant treatment of HIV-infected patients but is found to be at high risk of HBV reactivation.

S1373

Daptomycin (LY146032)

Daptomycin (LY146032) is a novel antibiotic with rapid in vitro bactericidal activity against gram-positive organisms.

S1408

Linezolid (PNU-100766)

Linezolid (PNU-100766) is a synthetic antibiotic used for the treatment of serious infections.

S5417New

Spectinomycin dihydrochloride pentahydrate

Spectinomycin dihydrochloride pentahydrate (Trobicin) is a widely used antibiotic that inhibits bacterial protein synthesis by blocking translocation of messenger RNA and transfer RNAs on the ribosome.

S5330New

Amikacin Sulfate Salt

Amikacin (BAY 41-6551) sulfate, a semisynthetic analog of kanamycin, is an aminoglycoside antibiotic which is very active against most gram-negative bacteria including gentamicin- and tobramycin-resistant strains.

S5968New

Kasugamycin hydrochloride hydrate

Kasugamycin (Ksg) hydrochloride hydrate, an antibiotic which binds both the 30S and 70S ribosome, specifically inhibits translation initiation of canonical but not of leaderless messenger RNAs.

S1374

Doripenem Hydrate

Doripenem Hydrate (S-4661) is an ultra-broad-spectrum injectable antibiotic, used to treat complicated intra-abdominal infections and complicated urinary tract infections.

S1381

Meropenem

Meropenem (SM 7338) is an ultra-broad spectrum injectable antibiotic.

S1741

Rifabutin (LM427)

Rifabutin (LM427, Ansamycin) is a semisynthetic ansamycin antibiotic, used in the treatment of Mycobacterium avium intracellulare (MAI) and tuberculosis.

S1370

Biapenem

Biapenem (L-627, LJC10627) is a carbapenem antibiotic with activity against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacterial strains.

S1371

Cefoselis Sulfate

Cefoselis (FK 037) is a widely used beta-lactam antibiotic.

S2159

Tebipenem Pivoxil

Tebipenem pivoxil (L-084, ME1211) is an oral carbapenem antibiotic, use to treat otolaryngologic and respiratory infections.

S1636

Amphotericin B

Amphotericin B (AMB, NSC 527017) is an amphipathic polyene antibiotic which permeabilizes ergosterol-containing membranes.

S1399

Teicoplanin

Teicoplanin (Teichomycin) is a glycopeptide antibiotic, used to treat serious infections caused by Gram-positive bacteria.

S1505

Aztreonam

Aztreonam (SQ 26776) is a synthetic monocyclic beta-lactam antibiotic, used to treat Gram-negative aerobic bacteria infection.

S2510

Spectinomycin 2HCl

Spectinomycin 2HCl (Actinospectacin) is a new parenteral antibiotic prepared from Streptomyces spectabilis.

S1768

Cefditoren Pivoxil

Cefditoren Pivoxil (ME-1207) is a broad-spectrum antibiotic against Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria.

S1998

D-Cycloserine

D-cycloserine (RO-1-9213) is an analog of the amino acid D-alanine, used as an antibiotic in the treatment of tuberculosis.

S1605

Cefdinir

Cefdinir (FK 482, PD 134393, CI-983) is an oral cephalosporin antibiotic, used to treat bacterial infections in many different parts of the body.

S2152

Sitafloxacin Hydrate

Sitafloxacin Hydrate (DU-6859a) is a new-generation, broad-spectrum oral fluoroquinolone antibiotic.

S1502

Cephalexin

Cephalexin (Cefalexin) is an antibiotic that can treat a number of bacterial infections.

S1835

Azithromycin (CP-62993)

Azithromycin (CP-62993, XZ-450) is an antibiotic by inhibiting protein synthesis, used for the treatment of bacterial infections.

S1773

Oxytetracycline (Terramycin)

Oxytetracycline is a broad-spectrum tetracycline antibiotic, used to treat infections with bacteria.

S2568

Neomycin sulfate

Neomycin sulfate is an aminoglycoside antibiotic, used to treat bacteria infections.

S1777

Ethionamide

Ethionamide (Bayer 5312) is an antibiotic used in the treatment of tuberculosis.

S1635

Erythromycin

Erythromycin (E-Mycin) is a macrolide antibiotic that has an antimicrobial spectrum similar to or slightly wider than that of penicillin (IC50=1.5 μg/ml).

S4226

Minocycline (CL 59806) HCl

Minocycline (CL 59806) HCl is the most lipid soluble and most active tetracycline antibiotic, binds to the 30S ribosomal subunit, preventing the binding of tRNA to the mRNA-ribosome complex and interfering with protein synthesis.

S4052

Netilmicin Sulfate

Netilmicin Sulfate is a member of the aminoglycoside family of antibiotics.

S4082

Spiramycin

Spiramycin (Formacidine) is a 16-membered ring macrolide (antibiotic).

S2565

Amoxicillin Sodium

Amoxicillin Sodium (Clavulanate) is a moderate- spectrum, bacteriolytic, β-lactam antibiotic.

S2544

Cefprozil hydrate

Cefprozil hydrate is a semi-synthetic broad-spectrum cephalosporin antibiotic, used to treat certain infections caused by bacteria, such as bronchitis and infections of the ears, throat, sinuses, and skin.

S2563

Oxacillin sodium monohydrate

Oxacillin sodium monohydrate (Methicillin) is an antibacterial agent and is a narrow spectrum beta-lactam antibiotic of the penicillin class.

S3129

Trimethoprim

Trimethoprim (BW 56-72, NIH 204, NSC-106568) is a bacteriostatic antibiotic mainly used in the prophylaxis and treatment of urinary tract infections.

S1499

Cefaclor

Cefaclor (Cefachlor, Cefaclorum) is a cephalosporin antibiotic.

S1915

Sulfamethoxazole

Sulfamethoxazole is a sulfonamide bacteriostatic antibiotic with an IC50 of 2.7 μM.

S2574

Tetracycline HCl

Tetracycline HCl (NCI-c55561) is a hydrochloride salt of tetracycline that is a broad-spectrum polyketide antibiotic.

S4030

Gentamicin Sulfate

Gentamycin Sulfate (NSC-82261, SCH9724) is a broad-spectrum, aminoglycoside antibiotic used for cell culture which inhibits protein synthesis in sensitive organisms.

S2514

Tobramycin

Tobramycin (NSC 180514) is an aminoglycoside antibiotic with an IC50 of 9.7 μM.

S2530

7-Aminocephalosporanic acid

7-Aminocephalosporanic acid is used for synthesis of cephalosporin antibiotics and intermediates.

S2543

Ceftiofur HCl

Ceftiofur HCl (U-67279A) is a cephalosporin antibiotic, used to treat both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria infection.

S3162

Tylosin tartrate

Tylosin tartrate is a macrolide antibiotic approved for the control of mycoplasmosis in poultry.

S1770

Sulfadiazine

Sulfadiazine is a sulfonamide antibiotic.

S2506

Roxithromycin

Roxithromycin (Roxl-150) is a semi-synthetic macrolide antibiotic. It is used to treat respiratory tract, urinary and soft tissue infections.

S2048

Clindamycin Phosphate

Clindamycin Phosphate (NSC 618653) is a lincosamide antibiotic for Plasmodium falciparum with IC50 of 12 nM.

S3055

Besifloxacin HCl

Besifloxacin HCl is a fourth-generation fluoroquinolone antibiotic.

S3059

Enrofloxacin

Enrofloxacin (BAY-Vp2674, PD160788) is a fluoroquinolone antibiotic.

S1977

Sarafloxacin HCl

Sarafloxacin HCl (A-56620) is a hydrochloride salt form of sarafloxacin which is a quinolone antibiotic drug with IC50 of 0.96 μg/L.

S4254

Apramycin Sulfate

Apramycin Sulfate (Ai3-29795) is an aminoglycoside antibiotic, which binds to the deep groove of the RNA.

S4056

Retapamulin

Retapamulin (SB-275833) is a topical antibiotic, which binds to both E. coli and S. aureus ribosomes with similar potencies with Kd of 3 nM.

S3015

Amoxicillin

Amoxicillin (Amoxycillin) is a moderate-spectrum, bacteriolytic, β-lactam antibiotic used to treat bacterial infections caused by susceptible microorganisms.

S4093

Bismuth Subcitrate Potassium

Bismuth Subcitrate is an antibiotic used to treat stomach ulcers associated with Helicobacter pylori, a bacterial infection.

S2539

Lomefloxacin HCl

Lomefloxacin HCl is a hydrochloride salt of lomefloxacin and is a fluoroquinolone antibiotic.

S3122

Amikacin hydrate

Amikacin is an aminoglycoside antibiotic used to treat different types of bacterial infections.

S3105

Nadifloxacin

Nadifloxacin (OPC-7251) is a topical fluoroquinolone antibiotic for the treatment of acne vulgaris.

S4234

Capreomycin Sulfate

Capreomycin Sulfate is a cyclic peptide antibiotic and thought to inhibit protein synthesis by binding to the 70S ribosomal unit.

S3179

Carbenicillin disodium

Carbenicillin (BRL-2064) is a semi-synthetic penicillin antibiotic which interferes with cell wall synthesis of gram-negative bacteria while displaying low toxicity.

S3193

Ticarcillin sodium

Ticarcillin (AB 2288, BRL 2288) is a semisynthetic antibiotic with a broad spectrum of bactericidal activity against many gram-positive and gram-negative aerobic and anaerobic bacteria.

S5227

Erythromycin thiocyanate

Erythromycin is a macrolide antibiotic that inhibits bacterial protein synthesis by binding to bacterial 50S ribosomal subunits and inhibits peptidyl transferase activity and interferes with translocation of amino acids during translation and assembly of proteins.

S5560

Midecamycin

Midecamycin (Espinomycin A, Medecamycin A1, Platenomycin B1, Rubimycin, Turimycin P3) is a naturally occuring macrolide antibiotic that acts by inhibiting bacterial protein synthesis.

S5048

Fosfomycin Disodium

Fosfomycin (Phosphonemycin) is a bactericidal, low-molecular weight, broad-spectrum antibiotic, with putative activity against several bacteria, including multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria, by irreversibly inhibiting an early stage in cell wall synthesis.

S5051

Pipemidic acid

Pipemidic acid (Acido pipemidico) is a pyridopyrimidine antibiotic derivative of piromidic acid with activity against gram-negative and some gram-positive bacteria.

S5328

Gamithromycin

Gamithromycin (ML-1709460) is a new macrolide antibiotic that is only registered for use in cattle to treat respiratory disorders such as bovine respiratory disease.

S5353

Cefpiramide sodium

Cefpiramide sodium (CPMS, SM-1652,wy-44635) is an anionic β-lactam antibiotic. It exhibits antibacterial activity against gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, in particular, to Pseudomonas aeruginosa, which can result in achronic life-threatening infection in the lungs of cystic fibrosis patients.

S4848

Dalbavancin

Dalbavancin (Zeven, BI 397, MDL 63397) is a lipoglycopeptide antibiotic that has bactericidal activity against Gram-positive bacteria including various staphylococci.

S5951

Cefoxitin

Cefoxitin is a beta-lactam, second-generation cephalosporin antibiotic with bactericidal activity.

S5035

6-Aminopenicillanic acid

6-Aminopenicillanic acid (6-APA) is the central component of penicillin β-lactam antibiotics which are generated by Penicillium. It is used as precursor for antibiotic compounds ampicillin and amoxicillin.

S2583

Thiamphenicol

Thiamphenicol (Thiophenicol) is an antimicrobial antibiotic and a methyl-sulfonyl analogue of chloramphenicol.

S4850

Flucloxacillin sodium

Flucloxacillin sodium (Floxacillin sodium) is the sodium salt of flucloxacillin, a penicillin antibiotic used to treat bacterial infections.

S5533

Tobramycin sulfate

Tobramycin sulfate is the sulfate salt of tobramycin, an aminoglycoside antibiotic derived from the bacterium Streptomyces tenebrarius with bactericidal activity.

S4594

Cephalothin sodium

Cephalothin (Cefalotin, Cephalotin) sodium is a semisynthetic, beta-lactam, first-generation cephalosporin antibiotic with bactericidal activity. Cephalothin binds to and inactivates penicillin-binding proteins (PBP) located on the inner membrane of the bacterial cell wall.

S4865

Cefetamet pivoxil hydrochloride

Cefetamet pivoxil hydrochloride is the hydrochloride salt form of cefetamet pivoxil, which is an oral third-generation cephalosporin antibiotic.

S5941

Besifloxacin

Besifloxacin is a fourth generation fluoroquinolone-type opthalmic antibiotic for the treatment of bacterial conjunctivitis.

S5531

Doripenem

Doripenem is a new parenteral carbapenem antibiotic with broad-spectrum activity against gram-negative and gram-positive pathogens.

S3971

Fusidine

Fusidine (Fusidic Acid), isolated from Fusidium coccineum, is a steroidal antibiotic that inhibits protein synthesis.

S5268

Solithromycin

Solithromycin (CEM-101, OP-1068), belonging to the well-known class of macrolide antibiotics that also includes azithromycin, is a potent bacterial protein synthesis inhibitor.

S5278

Tedizolid (TR-700)

Tedizolid is an oxazolidinone-class antibiotic prodrug used for the treatment of acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections caused by susceptible isolates of several Gram-positive bacteria.

S4122

Tilmicosin

Tilmicosin (EL 870) is a macrolide antibiotic.

S2052

Oxytetracycline Dihydrate

Oxytetracycline Dihydrate is a prescription antibiotic, interfering with the ability of bacteria to produce essential proteins.

S5535

Moxifloxacin

Moxifloxacin is an antibiotic used to treat a number of bacterial infections, active against Mycobacterium tuberculosis in vitro.

S4869

Sulfamethoxazole sodium

Sulfamethoxazole sodium is an antibiotic used for bacterial infections.

S5719

Ceftizoxime sodium

Ceftizoxime sodium is a semisynthetic cephalosporin antibiotic that is highly resistant to a broad spectrum of beta-lactamases and is active against a wide range of both aerobic and anaerobic gram-positive and gram-negative organisms.

S5207

Cephalexin Monohydrate

Cephalexin is a semisynthetic cephalosporin antibiotic with antimicrobial activity.

S4585

Succinylsulfathiazole

Succinylsulfathiazole (Succinylsulphathiazole), a sulfonamide, is an antibiotic.

S5491

Lomefloxacin

Lomefloxacin is a fluoroquinolone antibiotic used to treat bacterial infections.

S4595

Cefazolin Sodium

Cefazolin Sodium (cefazoline, cephazolin, Ancef) is a semisynthetic cephalosporin analog with broad-spectrum antibiotic action due to inhibition of bacterial cell wall synthesis. It attains high serum levels and is excreted quickly via the urine.

S5333

Sulbenicillin Sodium

Sulbenicillin Sodium (Sulfocillin, Sulfobenzylpenicillin) is the sodium salt of sulbenicillin, which is a penicillin antibiotic.

S5936

Cefazolin

Cefazolin is a semisynthetic cephalosporin analog with broad-spectrum antibiotic action due to inhibition of bacterial cell wall synthesis. It attains high serum levels and is excreted quickly via the urine.

S4596

Cefixime

Cefixime (Cefixima, Cefiximum, Cephoral, Cefspan, FR-17027, FK-027, CL-284635) is an antibiotic useful for the treatment of a number of bacterial infections. It is a third generation cephalosporin.

S4148

Ampicillin Trihydrate

Ampicillin Trihydrate (NCI-C56086) is a β-lactam antibiotic, which inhibits bacterial cell-wall synthesis (peptidoglycan cross-linking) by inactivating transpeptidases on the inner surface of the bacterial cell membrane.

S4150

Orbifloxacin

Orbifloxacin is a synthetic broad-spectrum fluoroquinolone antibiotic.

S4421

Josamycin

Josamycin (EN-141, Kitasamycin A3, Leucomycin A3, Turimycin A5) is a macrolide antibiotic from Streptomyces narbonensis. The drug has antimicrobial activity against a wide spectrum of pathogens.

S4885

Taurolidine

Taurolidine (Taurolin, Tauroline, Tauroflex) is a synthetic broad-spectrum antibiotic with antibacterial, anticoagulant and potential antiangiogenic activities.

S4156

Chlortetracycline HCl (NSC 13252)

Chlortetracycline HCl (NSC 13252, 7-Chlorotetracycline, Aureomycin monohydrochloride) is the first identified tetracycline antibiotic.

S4158

Ceftriaxone disodium salt hemi (heptahydrate)

Ceftriaxone disodium salt hemi (heptahydrate) is a third-generation cephalosporin antibiotic.

S4160

Penicillin G Sodium

Penicillin G Sodium (Benzylpenicillin) is a β-lactam antibiotic produced by Penicillin spp.

S5296

Cephradine monohydrate

Cefradine is a beta-lactam, first-generation cephalosporin antibiotic with bactericidal activity.

S5290

Ormetoprim

Ormetoprim (OMP) is an antibiotic to prevent the spread of disease in freshwater aquaculture.

S5487

Cefoperazone sodium

Cefoperazone Sodium is the sodium salt form of cefoperazone, which is a semi-synthetic, broad-spectrum, beta-lactamase resistant antibiotic with bactericidal activity.

S5294

Cephalotin acid

Cephalotin acid (Cephalothin, Cefalotin, Cephalothinum) is a cephalosporin antibiotic.

S5736

Benzathine penicilline

Benzathine penicilline (Benzathine penicillin G) is an antibiotic useful for the treatment of a number of bacterial infections.

S4612

Dapson

Dapson (Dapsone, 4,4′-Diaminodiphenyl sulfone, 4,4′-Sulfonyldianiline, 4-Aminophenyl sulfone, Bis(4-aminophenyl) sulfone, DDS), also known as diaminodiphenyl sulfone (DDS), is an antibiotic commonly used in combination with rifampicin and clofazimine for the treatment of leprosy.

S1884

Sparfloxacin

Sparfloxacin (AT-4140, CI-978, PD 131501) is a fluoroquinolone antibiotic, shows broad and potent antibacterial activity.

S1395

Polymyxin B sulphate

Polymyxin B (Aerosporin, PMB, Poly-RX) is an antibiotic primarily used for resistant gram-negative infections.

S2385

Hordenine

Hordenine (N,N-dimethyl-4-hydroxyphenylethylamine) is a phenylethylamine alkaloid with antibacterial and antibiotic properties.

S5601

Balofloxacin Dihydrate

Balofloxacin Dihydrate is an orally active fluoroquinolone antibiotic.

S4641

Tedizolid Phosphate

Tedizolid (TR-701FA) is an oxazolidinone-class antibiotic. Tedizolid phosphate is a phosphate ester prodrug of the active compound tedizolid.

S3645

Kitasamycin

Kitasamycin (Leucomycin) is a macrolide antibiotic. It has antimicrobial activity against a wide spectrum of pathogens.

S6562

KKL-35

KKL-35 inhibits the trans-translation tagging reaction with an IC50 of 0.9 µM. It has broad-spectrum antibiotic activity.

S5298

Amoxicillin trihydrate

Amoxicillin (Amoxil, Amoxipen, Moxaline) is a broad-spectrum, semisynthetic aminopenicillin antibiotic with bactericidal activity.

S4179

Mezlocillin Sodium

Mezlocillin sodium is a penicillin beta-lactam antibiotic used in the treatment of bacterial infections caused by susceptible, usually gram-positive, organisms.

S4060

Erythromycin Ethylsuccinate

Erythromycin Ethylsuccinate, an oral macrolide antibiotic produced by Streptomyces erythreus, reversibly binds to the 50S ribosome of bacteria, and inhibits protein synthesis.

S5515

Penicillin G Procaine

Procaine benzylpenicillin (Procaine benzylpenicillin), also known as Procaine benzylpenicillin, is an antibiotic useful for the treatment of a number of bacterial infections.

S4183

Paromomycin Sulfate

Paromomycin Sulfate is an aminoglycoside antibiotics inhibiting protein synthesis in non-resistant cells by binding to 16S ribosomal RNA.

S5637

Cefotiam Hexetil Hydrochloride

Cefotiam Hexetil Hydrochloride is the hydrochloride salt of cefotiam hexetil. Cefotiam is a semi-synthetic, beta-lactam cephalosporin antibiotic with antibacterial activity.

S5299

Tosufloxacin p-Toluenesulfonate Hydrate

Tosufloxacin (T-3262) is a fluoroquinolone antibiotic that is used to treat susceptible infections.

S5644

Ceftriaxone Sodium

Ceftriaxone Sodium is the sodium salt form of ceftriaxone, a beta-lactam, third-generation cephalosporin antibiotic with bactericidal activity.

S4720

Cefotaxime

Cefotaxime is a third-generation cephalosporin antibiotic and has broad spectrum activity against Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria.

S5295

Lincomycin Hydrochloride Monohydrate

Lincomycin hydrochloride monohydrate is a narrow-spectrum antibiotic used in the treatment of staphylococcal, streptococcal, and Bacteroides fragilis infections.

S8871

Omadacycline tosylate

Omadacycline tosylate is a first-in-class aminomethylcycline antibiotic, demonstrating antimicrobial activity in vitro against a range of Gram-positive and Gram-negative aerobes and some anaerobic bacteria.

S2315

Kanamycin sulfate

Kanamycin sulfate (Kanamycin monosulfate, Ophtalmokalixan) is an aminoglycoside antibiotic, available in oral, intravenous, and intramuscular forms, and used to treat a wide variety of infections.

S5420

Clindamycin alcoholate

Clindamycin alcoholate is a crystallizable compound of Clindamycin with alcohol. Clindamycin is a semisynthetic lincosamide antibiotic that inhibits bacterial protein synthesis by binding to bacterial 50S ribosomal subunits.

S5421

Fluoroquinolonic Acid

Fluoroquinolonic Acid (Ciprofloxacin Impurity A, Q-Acid) is an antibiotic and antimicrobial agent.

S6423

Tildipirosin

Tildipirosin is a 16-membered ring, tribasic and semi-synthetic macrolide antibiotic.

S4750

Sulfacetamide sodium salt hydrate

Sulfacetamide is a sulfonamide antibiotic that blocks the synthesis of dihydrofolic acid by inhibiting the enzyme dihydropteroate synthase(DHPS) with IC50 of 9.5 μM. Sulfacetamide is a competitive inhibitor of bacterial para-aminobenzoic acid (PABA), which is required for bacterial synthesis of folic acid.

S6582

Ozenoxacin

Ozenoxacin is a quinolone antibiotic used for the treatment of impetigo.

S4870

Cefodizime Sodium

Cefodizime Sodium, a third generation cephalosporin antibiotic, has broad-spectrum activity and is stable to most beta-lactamases.

S3636

Cefadroxil hydrate

Cefadroxil is a broad-spectrum antibiotic of the cephalosporin type, effective in Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacterial infections.

S4978

Azathramycin

Azathramycin (Azaerythromycin A, Azaerythromycin) is a macrolide antibiotic containing cladinose.

S1450

Nanchangmycin

Nanchangmycin is a polyether antibiotic with similar structure to dianemycin and is very active against a broad spectrum of harmful nematodes and insects but not for mammals and plants.

S5784

Vancomycin

Vancomycin is an antibiotic used to treat serious bacterial infections. It works by stopping the growth of bacteria.

S3708

Sulfachloropyridazine

Sulfachloropyridazine is an antibiotic used to treat a variety of bacterial infections.

S4663

Fusidate Sodium

Fusidate Sodium (Fucidin, SQ-16360) is a sodium salt form of fusidic acid, a bacteriostatic antibiotic derived from the fungus Fusidium coccineum and used as a topical medication to treat skin infections.

S5041

Difloxacin hydrochloride

Difloxacin is a second-generation, synthetic fluoroquinolone antimicrobial antibiotic used in veterinary medicine.

S5657

Ertapenem sodium

Ertapenem Sodium (MK826) is the sodium salt of ertapenem, a long-acting, broad-spectrum antibiotic of β-lactam subclass.

S4986

Latamoxef sodium

Latamoxef sodium (Moxalactam Disodium, FestamoxinLy, Shiomarin, Ly 127935, 6059 S) is an antibiotic and has anti-bacterial and anti-inflammation effects.

S4271

Isepamicin Sulphate

Isepamicin Sulphate (Isepamicine, Isepamycin, sch21420) is an aminoglycoside antibiotic, which inhibits bacterial protein synthesis by targeting the bacterial 30S ribosomal subunit.

S3672

Cefonicid sodium

Cefonicid sodium (Monocid) is a cephalosporin antibiotic. It interferes with cell wall biosynthesis in bacteria, leading to lysis of the infectious organism.

S4213

Dirithromycin

Dirithromycin (LY-237216, ASE 136) is a macrolide glycopeptide antibiotic by binding to the 50S subunit of the 70S bacterial ribosome to inhibit the translocation of peptides.

S4215

Ribostamycin Sulfate

Ribostamycin (Vistamycin) is an aminoglycoside antibiotic, containing a neutral sugar moiety, and is produced by Streptomyces ribosidificus.

S4671

Cefradine

Cefradine (Cephradine, Sefril, Anspor, Velosef) is a semi-synthetic cephalosporin antibiotic.

S5070

Mupirocin calcium

Mupirocin Calcium (Pseudomonic acid A) is the calcium salt form of mupirocin, a natural crotonic acid derivative extracted from Pseudomonas fluorescens,which inhibits bacterial protein synthesis and is used as an antibiotic.

S6068

Doxycycline monohydrate

Doxycycline is a synthetic, broad-spectrum tetracycline antibiotic exhibiting antimicrobial activity.

S4222

Piperacillin Sodium

Piperacillin (CL227193) is a semisynthetic, broad-spectrum, ampicillin derived ureidopenicillin antibiotic proposed for pseudomonas infections.

S3650

Penicillin V potassium salt

Phenoxymethylpenicillin, also known as penicillin V, is an antibiotic useful for the treatment of a number of bacterial infections. It acts by inhibiting the biosynthesis of cell-wall peptidoglycan.

S5410

Chloramphenicol sodium succinate

Chloramphenicol Sodium Succinate is the sodium succinate salt form of chloramphenicol, a nitrobenzene derivate and broad-spectrum antibiotic with antibacterial activity.

S4517

Cefotaxime sodium

Cefotaxime sodium salt is a third-generation cephalosporin antibiotic; broad-spectrum antibiotic with activity against numerous Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria.

S5208

Ciprofloxacin hydrochloride hydrate

Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride (Ciloxan, Ceprimax, Oftacilox) is the hydrochloride salt form of ciprofloxacin, which is an antibiotic used to treat a number of bacterial infections.

S5573

Tilmicosin phosphate

Tilmicosin phosphate is a macrolide antibiotic that is used to treat cattle for pathogens that cause Bovine Respiratory Disease.

S4523

Dihydrostreptomycin sulfate

Dihydrostreptomycin sulfate is an aminoglycoside antibiotic, used to treat bacterial diseases in cattle, pigs and sheep. Dihydrostreptomycin is a derivative of streptomycin.

S5473

Pivmecillinam hydrochloride

Pivmecillinam is a β-lactam antibiotic and a prodrug of mecillinam. It has selective activity against Gram-negative bacteria and is used primarily in the treatment of lower urinary tract infections.

S5206

Benzylpenicillin potassium

Benzylpenicillin potassium (Penicillin G potassium) is the potassium salt form of penicillin G, a broad-spectrum penicillin antibiotic.

S4833

Cefoxitin sodium

Cefoxitin Sodium is the sodium salt form of cefoxitin, a beta-lactam, second-generation cephalosporin antibiotic with bactericidal activity.

S4536

Nitrofurantoin

Nitrofurantoin (Macrodantin, Furadantine, Furadonine) is an antibiotic used to treat bladder infections.It inhibits bacterial DNA, RNA, and cell wall protein synthesis.

S3170

Ampicillin sodium

Ampicillin is a beta-lactam antibiotic that is part of the aminopenicillin family.

S5350

Cefpodoxime proxetil

Cefpodoxime Proxetil is a third generation semi-synthetic cephalosporin and a beta-lactam antibiotic with bactericidal activity.

S4540

Sisomicin sulfate

Sisomicin sulfate is an aminoglycoside antibiotic, isolated from the fermentation broth of a new species of the genus Micromonospora.

S5159

Doxycycline

Doxycycline (Vibramycin, Doxytetracycline, Doxiciclina, Doxycyclinum) is an antibiotic that is used in the treatment of a number of types of infections caused by bacteria and protozoa. Doxycycline is also a nonspecific matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) inhibitor.

S4279

Demeclocycline HCl

Demeclocycline HCl is a tetracycline antibiotic via inhibition of protein synthesis by bacteria, used for the treatment of bacterial infections.

S5744

Spiramycin I

Spiramycin I (Foromacidin A) is a main component of spiramycin, which is a macrolide antimicrobial agent with broad spectrum antibiotic activity.

S4813

Cefuroxime axetil

Cefuroxime axetil, a prodrug of the cephalosporin cefuroxime, is a second generation oral cephalosporin antibiotic with in vitro antibacterial activity against several gram-positive and gram-negative organisms.

S4393

Cephapirin Sodium

Cephapirin Sodium (Cefapirin) is the sodium salt form of cephapirin, a semi-synthetic, first-generation cephalosporin antibiotic with bactericidal activity.Cephapirin Sodium is effective against gram-negative and gram-positive organisms.

S5351

Cefmetazole sodium

Cefmetazole sodium is a semisynthetic cephamycin antibiotic with a broad spectrum of activity against both gram-positive and gram-negative microorganisms.

S5859

Sancycline

Sancycline (Bonomycin, Norcycline, GS 2147) is a semi-synthetic tetracycline antibiotic.

S4812

Ceftizoxime

Ceftizoxime is a semisynthetic cephalosporin antibiotic which can be administered intravenously or by suppository. It is highly resistant to a broad spectrum of beta-lactamases and is active against a wide range of both aerobic and anaerobic gram-positive and gram-negative organisms.

S5108

Tylosin

Tylosin (Fradizine, Tylocine, Tylosine, Tylosin A) is a macrolide-class broad spectrum antibiotic that's used in veterinary medicine to treat felines, canines and livestock.

S4847

Faropenem Sodium

Faropenem sodium is an orally active beta-lactam antibiotic that has been used in trials studying the treatment of Tuberculosis, Pulmonary Tuberculosis, and Community Acquired Pneumonia.

Catalog No. Information Product Use Citations Product Validations
S1228

Idarubicin HCl

Idarubicin HCl (4-demethoxydaunorubicin, NSC256439, 4-DMDR) is a hydrochloride salt form of Idarubicin which is an anthracycline antibiotic and a DNA topoisomerase II (topo II) inhibitor for MCF-7 cells with IC50 of 3.3 ng/mL in a cell-free assay. Idarubicin induces mTOR-dependent cytotoxic autophagy.

S7046

Brefeldin A

Brefeldin A is a lactone antibiotic and ATPase inhibitor for protein transport with IC50 of 0.2 μM in HCT 116 cells, induces cancer cell differentiation and apoptosis. It could also improve the HDR(homology-directed repair) efficiency and be an enhancer of CRISPR-mediated HDR. Brefeldin A is also an inhibitor of autophagy and mitophagy.

S4974New

Oxacillin sodium

Oxacillin sodium (salt) is a narrow-spectrum β-lactam antibiotic that can be used for treatment of methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) bacteremia.

S4979New

Procaine penicillin G

Penicillin G Procaine (PGP, Penicillin G Procaine, Bicillin C-R), a crystalline complex combining penicillin G with procaine, is a β-lactam antibiotic.

S4490New

Tetracycline

Tetracycline (TC) is a broad-spectrum antibiotic that exhibits activity against a wide range of microorganisms including gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, chlamydiae, mycoplasmas, rickettsiae, and protozoan parasites.

S5199New

Oxytetracycline hydrochloride

Oxytetracycline (OTC, Oxycycin, Stevacin, Terramycin) hydrochloride is a prescription antibiotic, interfering with the ability of bacteria to produce essential proteins.

S5008New

Ciprofloxacin hydrochloride

Ciprofloxacin (CPX, Cetraxal, Ciloxan, Cipro, Bay-09867) hydrochloride, a fluorinated quinolone, is a β-diketone antibiotic with a broad spectrum antibacterial activity. Ciprofloxacin is an inhibitor of bacterial DNA gyrase (a subclass of Type II topoisomerases).

S4488New

Delafloxacin Meglumine

Delafloxacin (ABT-492, RX-3341, WQ-3034, Baxdela) meglumine is a broad-spectrum fluoroquinolone antibiotic against multiple pathogens.

S6584New

Amdinocillin

Amdinocillin (Mecillinam, Coactin, FL 1060) is a β-lactam antibiotic with a broad spectrum of antibacterial activity. Amdinocillin is active alone against many gram-negative organisms.

S4425New

Rifamycin S

Rifamycin S, a quinone and an antibiotic against Gram-positive bacteria (including MRSA), is a clinical drug used to treat tuberculosis and leprosy. Rifamycin S generates reactive oxygen species (ROS) and inhibits microsomal lipid peroxidation.

S4436New

Pleuromutilin

Pleuromutilin (Drosophilin B, Mutilin 14-glycolate), the lead compound for novel antibiotics, inhibits bacterial protein synthesis by binding to the 50S ribosomal subunit of bacteria.

S3496New

Lefamulin acetate (Xenleta)

Lefamulin acetate (Xenleta, BC-3781 acetate) is a pleuromutilin antibiotic for community-acquired bacterial pneumonia (CABP) treatment. Lefamulin acetate inhibits protein synthesis by binding to the peptidyl transferase center of the 50S bacterial ribosome, thus preventing the binding of transfer RNA for peptide transfer.

S2527

Methacycline HCl

Methacycline HCl (Rondomycin) is a tetracycline antibiotic, and also an inhibitor of epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT) with IC50 of roughly 5 μM, used to treat various infections.

S1611

Cefoperazone

Cefoperazone is a cephalosporin antibiotic for inhibition of rMrp2-mediated [3H]E217βG uptake with IC50 of 199 μM.

S2908

Hygromycin B

Hygromycin B (Hygrovetine), a selective antibiotic that is effective on most bacteria, fungi and higher eukaryotes, inhibits protein synthesis by interfering with translocation and causing mistranslation at the 70S ribosome.

S1791

Bacitracin Zinc

Bacitracin is an antibiotic that interferes with the dephosphorylation of C55-isoprenyl pyrophosphate, a membrane carrier molecule that transports the building-blocks of the peptidoglycan bacterial cell wall outside of the inner membrane. It inhibits cleavage of Tyr from Met-enkephalin with IC50 of 10 μM.

S4941

Farnesol

Farnesol is a natural sesquiterpene alcohol that is potent in treating antimetabolic disorders, anti-inflammation, showing antioxidant, anticancer, and antibiotic effects.

S7784

Fumagillin

Fumagillin is a selective and potent irreversible inhibitor of Methionine aminopeptidase 2 (MetAP2), used as an antibiotic to treat microsporidiosis.

S4647

Cefmenoxime hydrochloride

Cefmenoxime (SCE-1365), a potent inhibitor of Enterobacteriaceae, is a cephalosporin antibiotic that is administered intravenously or intramuscularly.

S6549

PBTZ169

PBTZ169 (macozinone), an antibiotic with antimycobacterial activity, is an irreversible inhibitor of DprE1.

S3028

Geneticin (G418 Sulfate)

Geneticin (G418 Sulfate), an aminoglycoside antibiotic, is an elongation inhibitor of 80 S ribosomes that blocks polypeptide synthesis by inhibiting the elongation step in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.

S7417

Puromycin (CL13900) 2HCl

Puromycin 2HCl (CL13900) is an aminonucleoside antibiotic, which acts as a protein synthesis inhibitor.

S4783

Benzyl isothiocyanate

Benzyl isothiocyanate (BITC, Benzoylthiocarbimide, Isothiocyanic Acid Benzoyl Ester) is an isothiocyanate originally found in cruciferous vegetables that exhibits immunomodulatory, anti-parasitic, antibiotic, antioxidative, anti-atherosclerotic, anti-angiogenic, anti-metastatic, anticancer chemotherapeutic, and chemopreventive activities.

S7419

Blasticidin S HCl

Blasticidin S HCl is a nucleoside antibiotic isolated from Stretomyces girseochromogenes, and acts as a DNA and protein synthesis inhibitor, used to select transfected cells carrying bsr or BSD resistance genes.

Catalog No. Information Product Use Citations Product Validations
S1208

Doxorubicin (Adriamycin) HCl

Doxorubicin (Adriamycin, NSC 123127, DOX, Hydroxydaunorubicin) HCl is an antibiotic agent that inhibits DNA topoisomerase II and induces DNA damage, mitophagy and apoptosis in tumor cells. Doxorubicin reduces basal phosphorylation of AMPK. Doxorubicin is used in the concomitant treatment of HIV-infected patients but is found to be at high risk of HBV reactivation.

S1373

Daptomycin (LY146032)

Daptomycin (LY146032) is a novel antibiotic with rapid in vitro bactericidal activity against gram-positive organisms.

S1408

Linezolid (PNU-100766)

Linezolid (PNU-100766) is a synthetic antibiotic used for the treatment of serious infections.

S5417New

Spectinomycin dihydrochloride pentahydrate

Spectinomycin dihydrochloride pentahydrate (Trobicin) is a widely used antibiotic that inhibits bacterial protein synthesis by blocking translocation of messenger RNA and transfer RNAs on the ribosome.

S5330New

Amikacin Sulfate Salt

Amikacin (BAY 41-6551) sulfate, a semisynthetic analog of kanamycin, is an aminoglycoside antibiotic which is very active against most gram-negative bacteria including gentamicin- and tobramycin-resistant strains.

S5968New

Kasugamycin hydrochloride hydrate

Kasugamycin (Ksg) hydrochloride hydrate, an antibiotic which binds both the 30S and 70S ribosome, specifically inhibits translation initiation of canonical but not of leaderless messenger RNAs.

S1374

Doripenem Hydrate

Doripenem Hydrate (S-4661) is an ultra-broad-spectrum injectable antibiotic, used to treat complicated intra-abdominal infections and complicated urinary tract infections.

S1381

Meropenem

Meropenem (SM 7338) is an ultra-broad spectrum injectable antibiotic.

S1741

Rifabutin (LM427)

Rifabutin (LM427, Ansamycin) is a semisynthetic ansamycin antibiotic, used in the treatment of Mycobacterium avium intracellulare (MAI) and tuberculosis.

S1370

Biapenem

Biapenem (L-627, LJC10627) is a carbapenem antibiotic with activity against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacterial strains.

S1371

Cefoselis Sulfate

Cefoselis (FK 037) is a widely used beta-lactam antibiotic.

S2159

Tebipenem Pivoxil

Tebipenem pivoxil (L-084, ME1211) is an oral carbapenem antibiotic, use to treat otolaryngologic and respiratory infections.

S1636

Amphotericin B

Amphotericin B (AMB, NSC 527017) is an amphipathic polyene antibiotic which permeabilizes ergosterol-containing membranes.

S1399

Teicoplanin

Teicoplanin (Teichomycin) is a glycopeptide antibiotic, used to treat serious infections caused by Gram-positive bacteria.

S1505

Aztreonam

Aztreonam (SQ 26776) is a synthetic monocyclic beta-lactam antibiotic, used to treat Gram-negative aerobic bacteria infection.

S2510

Spectinomycin 2HCl

Spectinomycin 2HCl (Actinospectacin) is a new parenteral antibiotic prepared from Streptomyces spectabilis.

S1768

Cefditoren Pivoxil

Cefditoren Pivoxil (ME-1207) is a broad-spectrum antibiotic against Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria.

S1998

D-Cycloserine

D-cycloserine (RO-1-9213) is an analog of the amino acid D-alanine, used as an antibiotic in the treatment of tuberculosis.

S1605

Cefdinir

Cefdinir (FK 482, PD 134393, CI-983) is an oral cephalosporin antibiotic, used to treat bacterial infections in many different parts of the body.

S2152

Sitafloxacin Hydrate

Sitafloxacin Hydrate (DU-6859a) is a new-generation, broad-spectrum oral fluoroquinolone antibiotic.

S1502

Cephalexin

Cephalexin (Cefalexin) is an antibiotic that can treat a number of bacterial infections.

S1835

Azithromycin (CP-62993)

Azithromycin (CP-62993, XZ-450) is an antibiotic by inhibiting protein synthesis, used for the treatment of bacterial infections.

S1773

Oxytetracycline (Terramycin)

Oxytetracycline is a broad-spectrum tetracycline antibiotic, used to treat infections with bacteria.

S2568

Neomycin sulfate

Neomycin sulfate is an aminoglycoside antibiotic, used to treat bacteria infections.

S1777

Ethionamide

Ethionamide (Bayer 5312) is an antibiotic used in the treatment of tuberculosis.

S1635

Erythromycin

Erythromycin (E-Mycin) is a macrolide antibiotic that has an antimicrobial spectrum similar to or slightly wider than that of penicillin (IC50=1.5 μg/ml).

S4226

Minocycline (CL 59806) HCl

Minocycline (CL 59806) HCl is the most lipid soluble and most active tetracycline antibiotic, binds to the 30S ribosomal subunit, preventing the binding of tRNA to the mRNA-ribosome complex and interfering with protein synthesis.

S4052

Netilmicin Sulfate

Netilmicin Sulfate is a member of the aminoglycoside family of antibiotics.

S4082

Spiramycin

Spiramycin (Formacidine) is a 16-membered ring macrolide (antibiotic).

S2565

Amoxicillin Sodium

Amoxicillin Sodium (Clavulanate) is a moderate- spectrum, bacteriolytic, β-lactam antibiotic.

S2544

Cefprozil hydrate

Cefprozil hydrate is a semi-synthetic broad-spectrum cephalosporin antibiotic, used to treat certain infections caused by bacteria, such as bronchitis and infections of the ears, throat, sinuses, and skin.

S2563

Oxacillin sodium monohydrate

Oxacillin sodium monohydrate (Methicillin) is an antibacterial agent and is a narrow spectrum beta-lactam antibiotic of the penicillin class.

S3129

Trimethoprim

Trimethoprim (BW 56-72, NIH 204, NSC-106568) is a bacteriostatic antibiotic mainly used in the prophylaxis and treatment of urinary tract infections.

S1499

Cefaclor

Cefaclor (Cefachlor, Cefaclorum) is a cephalosporin antibiotic.

S1915

Sulfamethoxazole

Sulfamethoxazole is a sulfonamide bacteriostatic antibiotic with an IC50 of 2.7 μM.

S2574

Tetracycline HCl

Tetracycline HCl (NCI-c55561) is a hydrochloride salt of tetracycline that is a broad-spectrum polyketide antibiotic.

S4030

Gentamicin Sulfate

Gentamycin Sulfate (NSC-82261, SCH9724) is a broad-spectrum, aminoglycoside antibiotic used for cell culture which inhibits protein synthesis in sensitive organisms.

S2514

Tobramycin

Tobramycin (NSC 180514) is an aminoglycoside antibiotic with an IC50 of 9.7 μM.

S2530

7-Aminocephalosporanic acid

7-Aminocephalosporanic acid is used for synthesis of cephalosporin antibiotics and intermediates.

S2543

Ceftiofur HCl

Ceftiofur HCl (U-67279A) is a cephalosporin antibiotic, used to treat both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria infection.

S3162

Tylosin tartrate

Tylosin tartrate is a macrolide antibiotic approved for the control of mycoplasmosis in poultry.

S1770

Sulfadiazine

Sulfadiazine is a sulfonamide antibiotic.

S2506

Roxithromycin

Roxithromycin (Roxl-150) is a semi-synthetic macrolide antibiotic. It is used to treat respiratory tract, urinary and soft tissue infections.

S2048

Clindamycin Phosphate

Clindamycin Phosphate (NSC 618653) is a lincosamide antibiotic for Plasmodium falciparum with IC50 of 12 nM.

S3055

Besifloxacin HCl

Besifloxacin HCl is a fourth-generation fluoroquinolone antibiotic.

S3059

Enrofloxacin

Enrofloxacin (BAY-Vp2674, PD160788) is a fluoroquinolone antibiotic.

S1977

Sarafloxacin HCl

Sarafloxacin HCl (A-56620) is a hydrochloride salt form of sarafloxacin which is a quinolone antibiotic drug with IC50 of 0.96 μg/L.

S4254

Apramycin Sulfate

Apramycin Sulfate (Ai3-29795) is an aminoglycoside antibiotic, which binds to the deep groove of the RNA.

S4056

Retapamulin

Retapamulin (SB-275833) is a topical antibiotic, which binds to both E. coli and S. aureus ribosomes with similar potencies with Kd of 3 nM.

S3015

Amoxicillin

Amoxicillin (Amoxycillin) is a moderate-spectrum, bacteriolytic, β-lactam antibiotic used to treat bacterial infections caused by susceptible microorganisms.

S4093

Bismuth Subcitrate Potassium

Bismuth Subcitrate is an antibiotic used to treat stomach ulcers associated with Helicobacter pylori, a bacterial infection.

S2539

Lomefloxacin HCl

Lomefloxacin HCl is a hydrochloride salt of lomefloxacin and is a fluoroquinolone antibiotic.

S3122

Amikacin hydrate

Amikacin is an aminoglycoside antibiotic used to treat different types of bacterial infections.

S3105

Nadifloxacin

Nadifloxacin (OPC-7251) is a topical fluoroquinolone antibiotic for the treatment of acne vulgaris.

S4234

Capreomycin Sulfate

Capreomycin Sulfate is a cyclic peptide antibiotic and thought to inhibit protein synthesis by binding to the 70S ribosomal unit.

S3179

Carbenicillin disodium

Carbenicillin (BRL-2064) is a semi-synthetic penicillin antibiotic which interferes with cell wall synthesis of gram-negative bacteria while displaying low toxicity.

S3193

Ticarcillin sodium

Ticarcillin (AB 2288, BRL 2288) is a semisynthetic antibiotic with a broad spectrum of bactericidal activity against many gram-positive and gram-negative aerobic and anaerobic bacteria.

S5227

Erythromycin thiocyanate

Erythromycin is a macrolide antibiotic that inhibits bacterial protein synthesis by binding to bacterial 50S ribosomal subunits and inhibits peptidyl transferase activity and interferes with translocation of amino acids during translation and assembly of proteins.

S5560

Midecamycin

Midecamycin (Espinomycin A, Medecamycin A1, Platenomycin B1, Rubimycin, Turimycin P3) is a naturally occuring macrolide antibiotic that acts by inhibiting bacterial protein synthesis.

S5048

Fosfomycin Disodium

Fosfomycin (Phosphonemycin) is a bactericidal, low-molecular weight, broad-spectrum antibiotic, with putative activity against several bacteria, including multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria, by irreversibly inhibiting an early stage in cell wall synthesis.

S5051

Pipemidic acid

Pipemidic acid (Acido pipemidico) is a pyridopyrimidine antibiotic derivative of piromidic acid with activity against gram-negative and some gram-positive bacteria.

S5328

Gamithromycin

Gamithromycin (ML-1709460) is a new macrolide antibiotic that is only registered for use in cattle to treat respiratory disorders such as bovine respiratory disease.

S5353

Cefpiramide sodium

Cefpiramide sodium (CPMS, SM-1652,wy-44635) is an anionic β-lactam antibiotic. It exhibits antibacterial activity against gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, in particular, to Pseudomonas aeruginosa, which can result in achronic life-threatening infection in the lungs of cystic fibrosis patients.

S4848

Dalbavancin

Dalbavancin (Zeven, BI 397, MDL 63397) is a lipoglycopeptide antibiotic that has bactericidal activity against Gram-positive bacteria including various staphylococci.

S5951

Cefoxitin

Cefoxitin is a beta-lactam, second-generation cephalosporin antibiotic with bactericidal activity.

S5035

6-Aminopenicillanic acid

6-Aminopenicillanic acid (6-APA) is the central component of penicillin β-lactam antibiotics which are generated by Penicillium. It is used as precursor for antibiotic compounds ampicillin and amoxicillin.

S2583

Thiamphenicol

Thiamphenicol (Thiophenicol) is an antimicrobial antibiotic and a methyl-sulfonyl analogue of chloramphenicol.

S4850

Flucloxacillin sodium

Flucloxacillin sodium (Floxacillin sodium) is the sodium salt of flucloxacillin, a penicillin antibiotic used to treat bacterial infections.

S5533

Tobramycin sulfate

Tobramycin sulfate is the sulfate salt of tobramycin, an aminoglycoside antibiotic derived from the bacterium Streptomyces tenebrarius with bactericidal activity.

S4594

Cephalothin sodium

Cephalothin (Cefalotin, Cephalotin) sodium is a semisynthetic, beta-lactam, first-generation cephalosporin antibiotic with bactericidal activity. Cephalothin binds to and inactivates penicillin-binding proteins (PBP) located on the inner membrane of the bacterial cell wall.

S4865

Cefetamet pivoxil hydrochloride

Cefetamet pivoxil hydrochloride is the hydrochloride salt form of cefetamet pivoxil, which is an oral third-generation cephalosporin antibiotic.

S5941

Besifloxacin

Besifloxacin is a fourth generation fluoroquinolone-type opthalmic antibiotic for the treatment of bacterial conjunctivitis.

S5531

Doripenem

Doripenem is a new parenteral carbapenem antibiotic with broad-spectrum activity against gram-negative and gram-positive pathogens.

S3971

Fusidine

Fusidine (Fusidic Acid), isolated from Fusidium coccineum, is a steroidal antibiotic that inhibits protein synthesis.

S5268

Solithromycin

Solithromycin (CEM-101, OP-1068), belonging to the well-known class of macrolide antibiotics that also includes azithromycin, is a potent bacterial protein synthesis inhibitor.

S5278

Tedizolid (TR-700)

Tedizolid is an oxazolidinone-class antibiotic prodrug used for the treatment of acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections caused by susceptible isolates of several Gram-positive bacteria.

S4122

Tilmicosin

Tilmicosin (EL 870) is a macrolide antibiotic.

S2052

Oxytetracycline Dihydrate

Oxytetracycline Dihydrate is a prescription antibiotic, interfering with the ability of bacteria to produce essential proteins.

S5535

Moxifloxacin

Moxifloxacin is an antibiotic used to treat a number of bacterial infections, active against Mycobacterium tuberculosis in vitro.

S4869

Sulfamethoxazole sodium

Sulfamethoxazole sodium is an antibiotic used for bacterial infections.

S5719

Ceftizoxime sodium

Ceftizoxime sodium is a semisynthetic cephalosporin antibiotic that is highly resistant to a broad spectrum of beta-lactamases and is active against a wide range of both aerobic and anaerobic gram-positive and gram-negative organisms.

S5207

Cephalexin Monohydrate

Cephalexin is a semisynthetic cephalosporin antibiotic with antimicrobial activity.

S4585

Succinylsulfathiazole

Succinylsulfathiazole (Succinylsulphathiazole), a sulfonamide, is an antibiotic.

S5491

Lomefloxacin

Lomefloxacin is a fluoroquinolone antibiotic used to treat bacterial infections.

S4595

Cefazolin Sodium

Cefazolin Sodium (cefazoline, cephazolin, Ancef) is a semisynthetic cephalosporin analog with broad-spectrum antibiotic action due to inhibition of bacterial cell wall synthesis. It attains high serum levels and is excreted quickly via the urine.

S5333

Sulbenicillin Sodium

Sulbenicillin Sodium (Sulfocillin, Sulfobenzylpenicillin) is the sodium salt of sulbenicillin, which is a penicillin antibiotic.

S5936

Cefazolin

Cefazolin is a semisynthetic cephalosporin analog with broad-spectrum antibiotic action due to inhibition of bacterial cell wall synthesis. It attains high serum levels and is excreted quickly via the urine.

S4596

Cefixime

Cefixime (Cefixima, Cefiximum, Cephoral, Cefspan, FR-17027, FK-027, CL-284635) is an antibiotic useful for the treatment of a number of bacterial infections. It is a third generation cephalosporin.

S4148

Ampicillin Trihydrate

Ampicillin Trihydrate (NCI-C56086) is a β-lactam antibiotic, which inhibits bacterial cell-wall synthesis (peptidoglycan cross-linking) by inactivating transpeptidases on the inner surface of the bacterial cell membrane.

S4150

Orbifloxacin

Orbifloxacin is a synthetic broad-spectrum fluoroquinolone antibiotic.

S4421

Josamycin

Josamycin (EN-141, Kitasamycin A3, Leucomycin A3, Turimycin A5) is a macrolide antibiotic from Streptomyces narbonensis. The drug has antimicrobial activity against a wide spectrum of pathogens.

S4885

Taurolidine

Taurolidine (Taurolin, Tauroline, Tauroflex) is a synthetic broad-spectrum antibiotic with antibacterial, anticoagulant and potential antiangiogenic activities.

S4156

Chlortetracycline HCl (NSC 13252)

Chlortetracycline HCl (NSC 13252, 7-Chlorotetracycline, Aureomycin monohydrochloride) is the first identified tetracycline antibiotic.

S4158

Ceftriaxone disodium salt hemi (heptahydrate)

Ceftriaxone disodium salt hemi (heptahydrate) is a third-generation cephalosporin antibiotic.

S4160

Penicillin G Sodium

Penicillin G Sodium (Benzylpenicillin) is a β-lactam antibiotic produced by Penicillin spp.

S5296

Cephradine monohydrate

Cefradine is a beta-lactam, first-generation cephalosporin antibiotic with bactericidal activity.

S5290

Ormetoprim

Ormetoprim (OMP) is an antibiotic to prevent the spread of disease in freshwater aquaculture.

S5487

Cefoperazone sodium

Cefoperazone Sodium is the sodium salt form of cefoperazone, which is a semi-synthetic, broad-spectrum, beta-lactamase resistant antibiotic with bactericidal activity.

S5294

Cephalotin acid

Cephalotin acid (Cephalothin, Cefalotin, Cephalothinum) is a cephalosporin antibiotic.

S5736

Benzathine penicilline

Benzathine penicilline (Benzathine penicillin G) is an antibiotic useful for the treatment of a number of bacterial infections.

S4612

Dapson

Dapson (Dapsone, 4,4′-Diaminodiphenyl sulfone, 4,4′-Sulfonyldianiline, 4-Aminophenyl sulfone, Bis(4-aminophenyl) sulfone, DDS), also known as diaminodiphenyl sulfone (DDS), is an antibiotic commonly used in combination with rifampicin and clofazimine for the treatment of leprosy.

S1884

Sparfloxacin

Sparfloxacin (AT-4140, CI-978, PD 131501) is a fluoroquinolone antibiotic, shows broad and potent antibacterial activity.

S1395

Polymyxin B sulphate

Polymyxin B (Aerosporin, PMB, Poly-RX) is an antibiotic primarily used for resistant gram-negative infections.

S2385

Hordenine

Hordenine (N,N-dimethyl-4-hydroxyphenylethylamine) is a phenylethylamine alkaloid with antibacterial and antibiotic properties.

S5601

Balofloxacin Dihydrate

Balofloxacin Dihydrate is an orally active fluoroquinolone antibiotic.

S4641

Tedizolid Phosphate

Tedizolid (TR-701FA) is an oxazolidinone-class antibiotic. Tedizolid phosphate is a phosphate ester prodrug of the active compound tedizolid.

S3645

Kitasamycin

Kitasamycin (Leucomycin) is a macrolide antibiotic. It has antimicrobial activity against a wide spectrum of pathogens.

S6562

KKL-35

KKL-35 inhibits the trans-translation tagging reaction with an IC50 of 0.9 µM. It has broad-spectrum antibiotic activity.

S5298

Amoxicillin trihydrate

Amoxicillin (Amoxil, Amoxipen, Moxaline) is a broad-spectrum, semisynthetic aminopenicillin antibiotic with bactericidal activity.

S4179

Mezlocillin Sodium

Mezlocillin sodium is a penicillin beta-lactam antibiotic used in the treatment of bacterial infections caused by susceptible, usually gram-positive, organisms.

S4060

Erythromycin Ethylsuccinate

Erythromycin Ethylsuccinate, an oral macrolide antibiotic produced by Streptomyces erythreus, reversibly binds to the 50S ribosome of bacteria, and inhibits protein synthesis.

S5515

Penicillin G Procaine

Procaine benzylpenicillin (Procaine benzylpenicillin), also known as Procaine benzylpenicillin, is an antibiotic useful for the treatment of a number of bacterial infections.

S4183

Paromomycin Sulfate

Paromomycin Sulfate is an aminoglycoside antibiotics inhibiting protein synthesis in non-resistant cells by binding to 16S ribosomal RNA.

S5637

Cefotiam Hexetil Hydrochloride

Cefotiam Hexetil Hydrochloride is the hydrochloride salt of cefotiam hexetil. Cefotiam is a semi-synthetic, beta-lactam cephalosporin antibiotic with antibacterial activity.

S5299

Tosufloxacin p-Toluenesulfonate Hydrate

Tosufloxacin (T-3262) is a fluoroquinolone antibiotic that is used to treat susceptible infections.

S5644

Ceftriaxone Sodium

Ceftriaxone Sodium is the sodium salt form of ceftriaxone, a beta-lactam, third-generation cephalosporin antibiotic with bactericidal activity.

S4720

Cefotaxime

Cefotaxime is a third-generation cephalosporin antibiotic and has broad spectrum activity against Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria.

S5295

Lincomycin Hydrochloride Monohydrate

Lincomycin hydrochloride monohydrate is a narrow-spectrum antibiotic used in the treatment of staphylococcal, streptococcal, and Bacteroides fragilis infections.

S8871

Omadacycline tosylate

Omadacycline tosylate is a first-in-class aminomethylcycline antibiotic, demonstrating antimicrobial activity in vitro against a range of Gram-positive and Gram-negative aerobes and some anaerobic bacteria.

S2315

Kanamycin sulfate

Kanamycin sulfate (Kanamycin monosulfate, Ophtalmokalixan) is an aminoglycoside antibiotic, available in oral, intravenous, and intramuscular forms, and used to treat a wide variety of infections.

S5420

Clindamycin alcoholate

Clindamycin alcoholate is a crystallizable compound of Clindamycin with alcohol. Clindamycin is a semisynthetic lincosamide antibiotic that inhibits bacterial protein synthesis by binding to bacterial 50S ribosomal subunits.

S5421

Fluoroquinolonic Acid

Fluoroquinolonic Acid (Ciprofloxacin Impurity A, Q-Acid) is an antibiotic and antimicrobial agent.

S6423

Tildipirosin

Tildipirosin is a 16-membered ring, tribasic and semi-synthetic macrolide antibiotic.

S4750

Sulfacetamide sodium salt hydrate

Sulfacetamide is a sulfonamide antibiotic that blocks the synthesis of dihydrofolic acid by inhibiting the enzyme dihydropteroate synthase(DHPS) with IC50 of 9.5 μM. Sulfacetamide is a competitive inhibitor of bacterial para-aminobenzoic acid (PABA), which is required for bacterial synthesis of folic acid.

S6582

Ozenoxacin

Ozenoxacin is a quinolone antibiotic used for the treatment of impetigo.

S4870

Cefodizime Sodium

Cefodizime Sodium, a third generation cephalosporin antibiotic, has broad-spectrum activity and is stable to most beta-lactamases.

S3636

Cefadroxil hydrate

Cefadroxil is a broad-spectrum antibiotic of the cephalosporin type, effective in Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacterial infections.

S4978

Azathramycin

Azathramycin (Azaerythromycin A, Azaerythromycin) is a macrolide antibiotic containing cladinose.

S1450

Nanchangmycin

Nanchangmycin is a polyether antibiotic with similar structure to dianemycin and is very active against a broad spectrum of harmful nematodes and insects but not for mammals and plants.

S5784

Vancomycin

Vancomycin is an antibiotic used to treat serious bacterial infections. It works by stopping the growth of bacteria.

S3708

Sulfachloropyridazine

Sulfachloropyridazine is an antibiotic used to treat a variety of bacterial infections.

S4663

Fusidate Sodium

Fusidate Sodium (Fucidin, SQ-16360) is a sodium salt form of fusidic acid, a bacteriostatic antibiotic derived from the fungus Fusidium coccineum and used as a topical medication to treat skin infections.

S5041

Difloxacin hydrochloride

Difloxacin is a second-generation, synthetic fluoroquinolone antimicrobial antibiotic used in veterinary medicine.

S5657

Ertapenem sodium

Ertapenem Sodium (MK826) is the sodium salt of ertapenem, a long-acting, broad-spectrum antibiotic of β-lactam subclass.

S4986

Latamoxef sodium

Latamoxef sodium (Moxalactam Disodium, FestamoxinLy, Shiomarin, Ly 127935, 6059 S) is an antibiotic and has anti-bacterial and anti-inflammation effects.

S4271

Isepamicin Sulphate

Isepamicin Sulphate (Isepamicine, Isepamycin, sch21420) is an aminoglycoside antibiotic, which inhibits bacterial protein synthesis by targeting the bacterial 30S ribosomal subunit.

S3672

Cefonicid sodium

Cefonicid sodium (Monocid) is a cephalosporin antibiotic. It interferes with cell wall biosynthesis in bacteria, leading to lysis of the infectious organism.

S4213

Dirithromycin

Dirithromycin (LY-237216, ASE 136) is a macrolide glycopeptide antibiotic by binding to the 50S subunit of the 70S bacterial ribosome to inhibit the translocation of peptides.

S4215

Ribostamycin Sulfate

Ribostamycin (Vistamycin) is an aminoglycoside antibiotic, containing a neutral sugar moiety, and is produced by Streptomyces ribosidificus.

S4671

Cefradine

Cefradine (Cephradine, Sefril, Anspor, Velosef) is a semi-synthetic cephalosporin antibiotic.

S5070

Mupirocin calcium

Mupirocin Calcium (Pseudomonic acid A) is the calcium salt form of mupirocin, a natural crotonic acid derivative extracted from Pseudomonas fluorescens,which inhibits bacterial protein synthesis and is used as an antibiotic.

S6068

Doxycycline monohydrate

Doxycycline is a synthetic, broad-spectrum tetracycline antibiotic exhibiting antimicrobial activity.

S4222

Piperacillin Sodium

Piperacillin (CL227193) is a semisynthetic, broad-spectrum, ampicillin derived ureidopenicillin antibiotic proposed for pseudomonas infections.

S3650

Penicillin V potassium salt

Phenoxymethylpenicillin, also known as penicillin V, is an antibiotic useful for the treatment of a number of bacterial infections. It acts by inhibiting the biosynthesis of cell-wall peptidoglycan.

S5410

Chloramphenicol sodium succinate

Chloramphenicol Sodium Succinate is the sodium succinate salt form of chloramphenicol, a nitrobenzene derivate and broad-spectrum antibiotic with antibacterial activity.

S4517

Cefotaxime sodium

Cefotaxime sodium salt is a third-generation cephalosporin antibiotic; broad-spectrum antibiotic with activity against numerous Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria.

S5208

Ciprofloxacin hydrochloride hydrate

Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride (Ciloxan, Ceprimax, Oftacilox) is the hydrochloride salt form of ciprofloxacin, which is an antibiotic used to treat a number of bacterial infections.

S5573

Tilmicosin phosphate

Tilmicosin phosphate is a macrolide antibiotic that is used to treat cattle for pathogens that cause Bovine Respiratory Disease.

S4523

Dihydrostreptomycin sulfate

Dihydrostreptomycin sulfate is an aminoglycoside antibiotic, used to treat bacterial diseases in cattle, pigs and sheep. Dihydrostreptomycin is a derivative of streptomycin.

S5473

Pivmecillinam hydrochloride

Pivmecillinam is a β-lactam antibiotic and a prodrug of mecillinam. It has selective activity against Gram-negative bacteria and is used primarily in the treatment of lower urinary tract infections.

S5206

Benzylpenicillin potassium

Benzylpenicillin potassium (Penicillin G potassium) is the potassium salt form of penicillin G, a broad-spectrum penicillin antibiotic.

S4833

Cefoxitin sodium

Cefoxitin Sodium is the sodium salt form of cefoxitin, a beta-lactam, second-generation cephalosporin antibiotic with bactericidal activity.

S4536

Nitrofurantoin

Nitrofurantoin (Macrodantin, Furadantine, Furadonine) is an antibiotic used to treat bladder infections.It inhibits bacterial DNA, RNA, and cell wall protein synthesis.

S3170

Ampicillin sodium

Ampicillin is a beta-lactam antibiotic that is part of the aminopenicillin family.

S5350

Cefpodoxime proxetil

Cefpodoxime Proxetil is a third generation semi-synthetic cephalosporin and a beta-lactam antibiotic with bactericidal activity.

S4540

Sisomicin sulfate

Sisomicin sulfate is an aminoglycoside antibiotic, isolated from the fermentation broth of a new species of the genus Micromonospora.

S5159

Doxycycline

Doxycycline (Vibramycin, Doxytetracycline, Doxiciclina, Doxycyclinum) is an antibiotic that is used in the treatment of a number of types of infections caused by bacteria and protozoa. Doxycycline is also a nonspecific matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) inhibitor.

S4279

Demeclocycline HCl

Demeclocycline HCl is a tetracycline antibiotic via inhibition of protein synthesis by bacteria, used for the treatment of bacterial infections.

S5744

Spiramycin I

Spiramycin I (Foromacidin A) is a main component of spiramycin, which is a macrolide antimicrobial agent with broad spectrum antibiotic activity.

S4813

Cefuroxime axetil

Cefuroxime axetil, a prodrug of the cephalosporin cefuroxime, is a second generation oral cephalosporin antibiotic with in vitro antibacterial activity against several gram-positive and gram-negative organisms.

S4393

Cephapirin Sodium

Cephapirin Sodium (Cefapirin) is the sodium salt form of cephapirin, a semi-synthetic, first-generation cephalosporin antibiotic with bactericidal activity.Cephapirin Sodium is effective against gram-negative and gram-positive organisms.

S5351

Cefmetazole sodium

Cefmetazole sodium is a semisynthetic cephamycin antibiotic with a broad spectrum of activity against both gram-positive and gram-negative microorganisms.

S5859

Sancycline

Sancycline (Bonomycin, Norcycline, GS 2147) is a semi-synthetic tetracycline antibiotic.

S4812

Ceftizoxime

Ceftizoxime is a semisynthetic cephalosporin antibiotic which can be administered intravenously or by suppository. It is highly resistant to a broad spectrum of beta-lactamases and is active against a wide range of both aerobic and anaerobic gram-positive and gram-negative organisms.

S5108

Tylosin

Tylosin (Fradizine, Tylocine, Tylosine, Tylosin A) is a macrolide-class broad spectrum antibiotic that's used in veterinary medicine to treat felines, canines and livestock.

S4847

Faropenem Sodium

Faropenem sodium is an orally active beta-lactam antibiotic that has been used in trials studying the treatment of Tuberculosis, Pulmonary Tuberculosis, and Community Acquired Pneumonia.