Spiramycin

For research use only.

Catalog No.S4082 Synonyms: Formacidine

1 publication

Spiramycin Chemical Structure

CAS No. 8025-81-8

Spiramycin (Formacidine) is a 16-membered ring macrolide (antibiotic).

Selleck's Spiramycin has been cited by 1 publication

Purity & Quality Control

Choose Selective Antibiotics Inhibitors

Biological Activity

Description Spiramycin (Formacidine) is a 16-membered ring macrolide (antibiotic).
In vitro

Spiramycin reduces the hygromycin A protections of nucleotides in 23 S rRNA. [1] Spiramycin, a 16-membered macrolide, inhibits translocation by binding to bacterial 50S ribosomal subunits with an apparent 1:1 stoichiometry. Spiramycin acts primarily by stimulating the dissociation of peptidyl-tRNA from ribosomes during translocation. [2] Spiramycin at doses sufficient to inhibit protein synthesis in wild-type cells but not sufficient to kill either mutant or wild-type cells at the permissive temperature (30 degrees C). Spiramycin inhibits protein synthesis by stimulating the dissociation of peptidyl-tRNA from ribosomes. [3] Spiramycin shows dose-related inhibition of the proliferative response of PHA and PWM stimulated human mononuclear leucocytes (MNL). Spiramycin also induces a decrease in tritiated uridine (3H-UdR) uptake, which suggests that Spiramycin interferes with an early event in the cell cycle. [4] Spiramycin and, to a lesser extent, erythromycin increases total IL-6 production without affecting IL-1 alpha, IL-1 beta, or tumor necrosis factor alpha production in human monocytes stimulated with lipopolysaccharide. [5] Spiramycin shows good antimicrobial activity against species of Prevotella, Eubacterium, Peptostreptococcus, Bacteroides and Porphyromonas, and the effect is enhanced by the addition of Metronidazole. [6]

Protocol

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro DMSO 100 mg/mL (118.61 mM)
Water Insoluble
Ethanol '100 mg/mL

* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 843.05
Formula

C43H74N2O14

CAS No. 8025-81-8
Storage powder
in solvent
Synonyms Formacidine
Smiles CC1CC=CC=CC(C(CC(C(C(C(CC(=O)O1)O)OC)OC2C(C(C(C(O2)C)OC3CC(C(C(O3)C)O)(C)O)N(C)C)O)CC=O)C)OC4CCC(C(O4)C)N(C)C

In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)

Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)
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Step 2: Enter the in vivo formulation ()
% DMSO % % Tween 80 % ddH2O
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Bio Calculators

Molarity Calculator

Molarity Calculator

Calculate the mass, volume or concentration required for a solution. The Selleck molarity calculator is based on the following equation:

Mass (mg) = Concentration (mM) × Volume (mL) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)

  • Mass
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*When preparing stock solutions, please always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the via label and SDS / COA (available on product pages).

Dilution Calculator

Dilution Calculator

Calculate the dilution required to prepare a stock solution. The Selleck dilution calculator is based on the following equation:

Concentration (start) x Volume (start) = Concentration (final) x Volume (final)

This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )

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    C2
    V2

* When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and SDS / COA (available online).

The Serial Dilution Calculator Equation

  • Serial Dilutions

  • Computed Result

  • C1=C0/X C1: LOG(C1):
    C2=C1/X C2: LOG(C2):
    C3=C2/X C3: LOG(C3):
    C4=C3/X C4: LOG(C4):
    C5=C4/X C5: LOG(C5):
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    C8=C7/X C8: LOG(C8):
Molecular Weight Calculator

Molecular Weight Calculator

Enter the chemical formula of a compound to calculate its molar mass and elemental composition:

Total Molecular Weight: g/mol

Tip: Chemical formula is case sensitive. C10H16N2O2 c10h16n2o2

Instructions to calculate molar mass (molecular weight) of a chemical compound:

To calculate molar mass of a chemical compound, please enter its chemical formula and click 'Calculate'.

Definitions of molecular mass, molecular weight, molar mass and molar weight:

Molecular mass (molecular weight) is the mass of one molecule of a substance and is expressed in the unified atomic mass units (u). (1 u is equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12)
Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol.

Molarity Calculator

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Tech Support

Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.

Handling Instructions

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Cell Lines Assay Type Concentration Incubation Time Formulation Activity Description PMID