Apramycin Sulfate

Catalog No.S4254 Synonyms: Ai3-29795

For research use only.

Apramycin Sulfate (Ai3-29795) is an aminoglycoside antibiotic, which binds to the deep groove of the RNA.

Apramycin Sulfate Chemical Structure

CAS No. 65710-07-8

Purity & Quality Control

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Biological Activity

Description Apramycin Sulfate (Ai3-29795) is an aminoglycoside antibiotic, which binds to the deep groove of the RNA.
In vitro

Apramycin consumption at farm level is most probably driving the increasing occurrence of apramycin/gentamicin cross-resistant [aac(3)-IV positive] E. coli in diseased pigs and healthy finishers at slaughter. [1] Apramycin inhibits A. pleuropneumoniae FMV 87-682 with MIC50 of 8 mg/L. Apramycin (1/4 MIC) in the medium decreases the rate of growth of the bacterial strains tested, and causes the postantibiotic effect (PAE) up to 5 hours. Apramycin significantly reduces the haemolytic activity of A. pleuropneumoniae and affects the capsular material production of this isolate and of one isolate of P. multocida (type A). [2] Apramycin induces translation errors, as assayed by incorporation of leucine, isoleucine and serine, although this effect occurs only to a limited extent, in cell-free systems from Escherichia coli programmed with poly(U). Apramycin inhibits the translocation step of protein synthesis both in vivo, in protoplasts of Bacillus megaterium, and in vitro, in cell-free systems from E. coli. [3]

In vivo Apramycin (225 mg/L) totally suppresses mortality and significantly reduces Salmonella excretion in comparison with non-treated chicks. [4]

Protocol (from reference)

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 637.66
Formula

C21H41N5O11.xH2SO4

CAS No. 65710-07-8
Storage 3 years -20°C powder
2 years -80°C in solvent
Smiles CNC1C(C2C(CC(C(O2)OC3C(CC(C(C3O)O)N)N)N)OC1OC4C(C(C(C(O4)CO)N)O)O)O.OS(=O)(=O)O

In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)

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Method for preparing in vivo formulation: Take μL DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300, mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80, mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O, mix and clarify.

Method for preparing in vivo formulation: Take μL DMSO master liquid, next add μL Corn oil, mix and clarify.

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Tech Support

Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.

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