Amoxicillin

Catalog No.S3015 Synonyms: Amoxycillin

Amoxicillin Chemical Structure

Molecular Weight(MW): 365.4

Amoxicillin is a moderate-spectrum, bacteriolytic, β-lactam antibiotic used to treat bacterial infections caused by susceptible microorganisms.

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Biological Activity

Description Amoxicillin is a moderate-spectrum, bacteriolytic, β-lactam antibiotic used to treat bacterial infections caused by susceptible microorganisms.
In vitro

Amoxicillin treated cells secrete high amounts of interleukin-5 and mostly lower or no amounts of tumor necrosis factor alpha, interleukin-4, and interferon-gamma. Amoxicillin-specific T cell clones fails to show drug-specific cytotoxicity, but killed target cells in the presence of concanavalin A, indicating a principal ability to be cytolytic. [1] Amoxicillin releases faster in pH 1.0 hydrochloric acid (HCl) than in pH 7.8 phosphate buffer. Amoxicillin would be degraded to some extent in a pH 1.0 HCl medium at 37 degrees C, which indicated that amoxicillin is not stable in an acidic surrounding. [2] Amoxicillin inhibits 4 of 15 isolates at 8 mg/mL or less but is not bactericidal against any of the isolates at that concentration. Amoxicillin in combination with clavulanic acid is bactericidal for 14 of 15 isolates tested at an amoxicillin concentration of 4 mg/mL or less and a clavulanic acid concentration of 2 mg/mL or less. [3] Amoxicillin inhibits 50% of isolates tested decreased from 0.5 mg/mL (range, 0.25 to 1 mg/mL) to 0.06 mg/mL (range, 0.01 to 0.25 mg/mL) in the presence of only 4 mg of cefotaxime per mL. [4]

Protocol

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro DMSO 73 mg/mL (199.78 mM)
Water Insoluble
Ethanol Insoluble

* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 365.4
Formula

C16H19N3O5S

CAS No. 26787-78-0
Storage powder
in solvent
Synonyms Amoxycillin

Bio Calculators

Molarity Calculator

Molarity Calculator

Calculate the mass, volume or concentration required for a solution. The Selleck molarity calculator is based on the following equation:

Mass (g) = Concentration (mol/L) × Volume (L) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)

  • Mass
    Concentration
    Volume
    Molecular Weight

*When preparing stock solutions, please always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the via label and MSDS / COA (available on product pages).

Dilution Calculator

Dilution Calculator

Calculate the dilution required to prepare a stock solution. The Selleck dilution calculator is based on the following equation:

Concentration (start) x Volume (start) = Concentration (final) x Volume (final)

This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )

  • C1
    V1
    C2
    V2

* When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and MSDS / COA (available online).

The Serial Dilution Calculator Equation

  • Serial Dilutions

  • Computed Result

  • C1=C0/X C1: LOG(C1):
    C2=C1/X C2: LOG(C2):
    C3=C2/X C3: LOG(C3):
    C4=C3/X C4: LOG(C4):
    C5=C4/X C5: LOG(C5):
    C6=C5/X C6: LOG(C6):
    C7=C6/X C7: LOG(C7):
    C8=C7/X C8: LOG(C8):
Molecular Weight Calculator

Molecular Weight Calculator

Enter the chemical formula of a compound to calculate its molar mass and elemental composition:

Total Molecular Weight: g/mol

Tip: Chemical formula is case sensitive. C10H16N2O2 c10h16n2o2

Instructions to calculate molar mass (molecular weight) of a chemical compound:

To calculate molar mass of a chemical compound, please enter its chemical formula and click 'Calculate'.

Definitions of molecular mass, molecular weight, molar mass and molar weight:

Molecular mass (molecular weight) is the mass of one molecule of a substance and is expressed in the unified atomic mass units (u). (1 u is equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12)
Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol.

Molarity Calculator

Mass Concentration Volume Molecular Weight

Clinical Trial Information

NCT Number Recruitment Conditions Sponsor/Collaborators Start Date Phases
NCT03568643 Not yet recruiting Uncomplicated Severe Acute Malnutrition University of California San Francisco|Centre de Recherche et Interventions en Sante Publique (CRISP)|Francis I. Proctor Foundation University of California San Francisco June 2019 Phase 4
NCT03568643 Not yet recruiting Uncomplicated Severe Acute Malnutrition University of California San Francisco|Centre de Recherche et Interventions en Sante Publique (CRISP)|Francis I. Proctor Foundation University of California San Francisco June 2019 Phase 4
NCT03616405 Not yet recruiting Helicobacter Pylori Infection Shandong University April 1 2019 Phase 4
NCT03616405 Not yet recruiting Helicobacter Pylori Infection Shandong University April 1 2019 Phase 4
NCT03844776 Not yet recruiting Infection Taibah University March 2 2019 Not Applicable
NCT03726099 Not yet recruiting Helicobacter Pylori Infection Shandong University March 15 2019 Phase 4

Tech Support

Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.

Handling Instructions

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Cell Lines Assay Type Concentration Incubation Time Formulation Activity Description PMID