Ethionamide

Catalog No.S1777 Synonyms: Bayer 5312

Ethionamide Chemical Structure

Molecular Weight(MW): 166.24

Ethionamide is an antibiotic used in the treatment of tuberculosis.

Size Price Stock Quantity  
In DMSO USD 130 In stock
USD 97 In stock
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Biological Activity

Description Ethionamide is an antibiotic used in the treatment of tuberculosis.
In vitro

Ethionamide is a structural analogue of isoniazid (INH), both are pro-drugs that need to be activated by mycobacterial enzymes to exert their antimicrobial activity. Ethionamide mechanism of action is thought to be identical to INH although the pathway of activation is distinct from that of INH. Ethionamide is activated by an EthA enzyme, leading to the formation of a Soxide metabolite that has considerably better activity than the parent drug. [1] Ethionamide inhibits both biofilm formation and viability of mature biofilms. Ethionamide reduces the content of ergosterol in Cryptococcus spp. planktonic cells and destabilized or permeabilized the fungal cell membrane, leading to leakage of macromolecules. [2] Ethionamide is in general toxic at concentrations above 0.50 mM to HepG2, Caco-2, and RAW macrophage cells, but the toxicity is drastically reduced when Ethionamide is loaded into the microparticles. Ethionamide shows a fast metabolization process in the presence of the thermally carbonized- Porous silicon (TCPSi) particles. [3] Ethionamide is activated in Mycobacterium tuberculosis by the protein encoded by the gene Rv3854c. Ethionamide appear to disrupt cell wall biosynthesis and have at least one common cellular target, the enoyl-acyl carrier protein reductase InhA. [4]

Protocol

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro DMSO 33 mg/mL (198.5 mM)
Ethanol 17 mg/mL (102.26 mM)
Water Insoluble

* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 166.24
Formula

C8H10N2S

CAS No. 536-33-4
Storage powder
in solvent
Synonyms Bayer 5312

Bio Calculators

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Tech Support

Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.

Handling Instructions

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Cell Lines Assay Type Concentration Incubation Time Formulation Activity Description PMID