Two mTOR inhibitors, rapamycin and Torin 1, differentially regulate iron-induced generation of mitochondrial ROS

It is generally believed that gene-environment interaction may contribute to neurodegeneration. Of particular note is that iron overload may be one of the risk factors for neurodegeneration. However, the mechanisms underlying iron-associated neurotoxicity are not fully understood. Here we explored the effects of mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibition in iron-stressed human neuroblastoma cells. Two mTOR inhibitors, rapamycin and Torin 1, had similar effects in cells exposed to a relatively low concentration of iron. At a higher concentration of iron, Torin 1, instead of rapamycin, could further aggravate iron-induced cytotoxicity, and mitochondrial ROS levels were significantly higher in Torin 1-treated cells. These results suggest that mTOR inhibition may not be able to alleviate iron-induced neurotoxicity.

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S2827 Torin 1 Torin 1 is a potent inhibitor of mTORC1/2 with IC50 of 2 nM/10 nM in cell-free assays; exhibits 1000-fold selectivity for mTOR than PI3K. (21) (5)

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