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The-cyclic-GMP-protein-kinase-G-pathway-as-a-therapeutic-target-in-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma

Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is an aggressive disease with high mortality. Treatments, which can result in significant morbidity, have not substantially changed in three decades. The second messenger cyclic GMP (cGMP), which targets protein kinase G (PKG), is generated by guanylate cyclases (GCs), and is rapidly hydrolyzed by phosphodiesterases (PDEs). Activation of the cGMP/PKG pathway is antineoplastic in several cancer types, but its impact on HNSCC has not been fully exploited. We found differential expression of critical components of this pathway in four HNSCC cell lines. Several activators of soluble GC (sGC), as well as inhibitors of PDE5, increased intracellular cGMP, reduced cell viability, and induced apoptosis in HNSCC cells. The apoptotic effects of the sGC activator BAY 41-2272 and the PDE5 inhibitor Tadalafil (Cialis) were mediated by PKG. Furthermore, Tadalafil substantially reduced the growth of CAL27-derived tumors in athymic mice. Several drugs which either activate sGC or inhibit PDE5 are approved for treatment of nonmalignant conditions. These drugs could be repurposed as novel and effective therapeutics in patients with head and neck cancer.

Related Products

Cat.No. Product Name Information Publications Customer Product Validation
S1512 Tadalafil (IC351) Tadalafil (IC351) is a PDE-5 inhibitor with IC50 of 1.8 nM in a cell-free assay. Tadalafil is at least 9000 times more selective for PDE5 than most of the other families of PDEs, with the exception of PDE11. It can partial inhibits PDE11 (17) (2)
S1431 Sildenafil Citrate Sildenafil Citrate, a selective inhibitor of cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP)-specific phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5), is a well-tolerated and highly effective treatment for erectile dysfunction. (17) (3)

Related Targets

PDE