The DOT1L inhibitor Pinometostat decreases the host-response against infections: Considerations about its use in human therapy

Patients with acute myeloid leukemia frequently present translocations of MLL gene. Rearrangements of MLL protein (MLL-r) in complexes that contain the histone methyltransferase DOT1L are common, which elicit abnormal methylation of lysine 79 of histone H3 at MLL target genes. Phase 1 clinical studies with pinometostat (EPZ-5676), an inhibitor of DOT1L activity, demonstrated the therapeutic potential for targeting DOT1L in MLL-r leukemia patients. We previously reported that down-regulation of DOT1L increases influenza and vesicular stomatitis virus replication and decreases the antiviral response. Here we show that DOT1L inhibition also reduces Sendai virus-induced innate response and its overexpression decreases influenza virus multiplication, reinforcing the notion of DOT1L controlling viral replication. Accordingly, genes involved in the host innate response against pathogens (RUBICON, TRIM25, BCL3) are deregulated in human lung epithelial cells treated with pinometostat. Concomitantly, deregulation of some of these genes together with that of the MicroRNA let-7B, may account for the beneficial effects of pinometostat treatment in patients with MLL-r involving DOT1L. These results support a possible increased vulnerability to infection in MLL-r leukemia patients undergoing pinometostat treatment. Close follow up of infection should be considered in pinometostat therapy to reduce some severe side effects during the treatment.

Related Products

Cat.No. Product Name Information
S7062 Pinometostat (EPZ5676) Pinometostat (EPZ5676) is an S-adenosyl methionine (SAM) competitive inhibitor of protein methyltransferase DOT1L with Ki of 80 pM in a cell-free assay, demonstrating >37,000-fold selectivity against all other PMTs tested, inhibits H3K79 methylation in tumor. Phase 1.

Related Targets

DOT1 Histone Methyltransferase