Synthesis and evaluation of FAK inhibitors with a 5-fluoro-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidine scaffold as anti-hepatocellular carcinoma agents

Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is a ubiquitous intracellular non-receptor tyrosine kinase, which is involved in multiple cellular functions, including cell adhesion, migration, invasion, survival, and angiogenesis. In this study, a series of 7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidines were designed and synthesized according to the E-pharmacophores generated by docking a library of 667 fragments into the ATP pocket of the co-crystal complex of FAK and PF-562271 (PDB ID: 3BZ3). The 5-fluoro-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidine derivatives demonstrated excellent activity against FAK and the cell lines SMMC7721 and YY8103. 2-((2-((3-(Acetamidomethyl)phenyl)amino)-5-fluoro-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl)amino)-N-methylbenzamide (16c) was selected for further bioactivity evaluations in vivo, including preliminary pharmacokinetic profiling in rats and toxicity assays in mice, and tumor growth inhibition studies in a xenograft tumor model. The results showed that 16c did not affect the body weight gain of the animals up to a dose of 200 mg/kg, and significantly inhibited tumor growth with a tumor growth inhibition rate of 78.6% compared with the negative control group. Furthermore, phosphoantibody array analyses of a sample of the tumor suggested that 16c inhibited the malignant proliferation of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells through decreasing the phosphorylation in the FAK cascade.

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Cat.No. Product Name Information Publications Customer Product Validation
S2890 PF-562271 PF-562271 (PF-00562271) is a potent, ATP-competitive, reversible inhibitor of FAK with IC50 of 1.5 nM in cell-free assays, ~10-fold less potent for Pyk2 than FAK and >100-fold selectivity against other protein kinases, except for some CDKs. (101) (6)

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