Successful treatment of hepatosplenic T-cell lymphoma with fludarabine, high-dose cytarabine and subsequent unrelated umbilical cord blood transplantation

Hepatosplenic T-cell lymphoma (HSTCL) is a rare subtype of peripheral T-cell lymphoma that occurs most often in adolescents and young adults and is rare in children. Because of the aggressive clinical course, resistance to conventional chemotherapy and poor prognosis of HSTCL, an effective treatment has not been established. We report the case of a 3-year-old girl with HSTCL presenting with trilineage myelodysplasia. Although the HSTCL was refractory to conventional chemotherapy, remission was achieved with salvage chemotherapy that included fludarabine and cytarabine, which were shown to be effective in the drug sensitivity assay. After undergoing umbilical cord blood transplantation with a conditioning regimen consisting of etoposide, cyclophosphamide and total body irradiation, the patient has remained in complete remission for 8 years. Single-nucleotide polymorphism array analysis revealed heterozygous deletions of PAX5 (9p), ETV6 (12p) and homozygous deletions of CDKN2A (9p). Exome analysis showed a heterozygous nonsense c.2961C>G (p.Tyr987Ter) variant of the KMT2C gene. To improve the poor prognosis of HSTCL, the chemotherapeutic regimen can be selected for each patient on the basis of drug sensitivity and molecular genetic characteristics.

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S1491 Fludarabine (NSC 118218) Fludarabine (NSC 118218, FaraA, Fludarabinum) is a STAT1 activation inhibitor which causes a specific depletion of STAT1 protein (and mRNA) but not of other STATs. Also a DNA synthesis inhibitor in vascular smooth muscle cells. Fludarabine induces apoptosis.

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STAT Apoptosis related DNA/RNA Synthesis Nucleoside Analog/Antimetabolite