Safety, pharmacokinetics, and preliminary efficacy of the PARP inhibitor talazoparib in Japanese patients with advanced solid tumors: phase 1 study

Background: Talazoparib is a poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase enzyme inhibitor. This open-label, non-randomized, phase 1 study of talazoparib investigated the safety, pharmacokinetics, and preliminary antitumor activity in Japanese patients with locally advanced or metastatic solid tumors, regardless of mutations in DNA damage repair-related genes, who are resistant to/ineligible for standard therapies.

Methods: Patients received talazoparib dosed orally at 0.75 or 1 mg once daily using a modified 3 + 3 dose-escalation scheme. Primary endpoint was dose-limiting toxicities during the first cycle of talazoparib.

Results: Nine patients (median age 62.0 years) were included: 3 and 6 patients at the 0.75 and 1.0 mg once-daily dose levels, respectively. No dose-limiting toxicities were reported. The most commonly reported treatment-emergent adverse events (≥2 patients) were anemia, stomatitis, maculopapular rash, platelet count decreased, neutrophil count decreased, and alanine aminotransferase increased. Three patients had grade ≥ 3 treatment-emergent adverse events (anemia, brain metastases [1 patient each], and neutrophil and white blood cell count decreased [same patient]). Two patients temporarily discontinued treatment due to a treatment-emergent adverse event, and 1 patient required a dose reduction for neutrophil count decreased (all at 1 mg once daily). Talazoparib exposure (Cmax and AUC) after single and multiple dosing was slightly higher proportionally with talazoparib 1 mg than talazoparib 0.75 mg. The overall disease control rate was 44.4%, including 2 patients with stable disease. The recommended phase 2 dose of talazoparib was established as 1 mg once daily.

Conclusions: Single-agent talazoparib was well tolerated and had preliminary antitumor activity in Japanese patients with advanced solid tumors.

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S7048 Talazoparib (BMN 673) Talazoparib (BMN 673, LT-673) is a novel PARP inhibitor with IC50 of 0.57 nM for PARP1 in a cell-free assay. It is also a potent inhibitor of PARP-2, but does not inhibit PARG and is highly sensitive to PTEN mutation. Phase 3.

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