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Rigosertib as a selective anti-tumor agent can ameliorate multiple dysregulated signaling transduction pathways in high-grade myelodysplastic syndrome

Rigosertib has demonstrated therapeutic activity for patients with high-risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) in clinical trials. However, the role of rigosertib in MDS has not been thoroughly characterized. In this study, we found out that rigosertib induced apoptosis, blocked the cell cycle at the G2/M phase and subsequently inhibited the proliferation of CD34+ cells from MDS, while it minimally affected the normal CD34+ cells. Further studies showed that rigosertib acted via the activation of the P53 signaling pathway. Bioinformatics analysis based on gene expression profile and flow cytometry analysis revealed the abnormal activation of the Akt-PI3K, Jak-STAT and Wnt pathways in high-grade MDS, while the p38 MAPK, SAPK/JNK and P53 pathways were abnormally activated in low-grade MDS. Rigosertib could markedly inhibit the activation of the Akt-PI3K and Wnt pathways, whereas it activated the SAPK/JNK and P53 pathways in high-grade MDS. A receptor tyrosine kinase phosphorylation array demonstrated that rigosertib could increase the activation of RET and PDGFR-β while reducing the activation of Tie2 and VEGFR2 in MDS cells. Taken together, these data indicate that rigosertib is a selective and promising anti-tumor agent that could ameliorate multiple dysregulated signaling transduction pathways in high-grade MDS.

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S1362 Rigosertib (ON-01910) Rigosertib (ON-01910) is a non-ATP-competitive inhibitor of PLK1 with IC50 of 9 nM in a cell-free assay. It shows 30-fold greater selectivity against Plk2 and no activity to Plk3. Rigosertib inhibits PI3K/Akt pathway and activates oxidative stress signals. Rigosertib induces apoptosis in various cancer cells. Phase 3. (27) (4)

Related Targets

PLK