Poly (ADP-Ribose) Polymerase Inhibitor, ABT888, Improved Cisplatin Effect in Human Oral Cell Carcinoma

Cisplatin is one of the chemotherapeutic drugs used for the management of oral carcinoma, in which combined therapies are estimated to exert superior therapeutic efficacy compared with monotherapy. It is known that poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation is implicated in a multiplicity of cellular activities, such as DNA repair and cell death. Based on these, PARP inhibitors are used for the treatment of cancers; however, the capacity of PARP inhibitors associated to anti-cancer drugs have not been completely assessed in oral carcinoma. Here, we evaluated the effects of PARPi veliparib (ABT888) in combination with cisplatin on the survival of three human oral cancer cell lines HSC-2, Ca9-22 and CAL27 and we observed the effects of ABT888 alone or in combination with cisplatin on apoptosis and DNA damage repair mechanism. The results obtained showed that ABT888 induces a cytotoxicity effect on cell viability increasing the apoptotic pathway as well as DNA strand break; moreover, our results displayed the effects with cisplatin in a dose-dependent manner. Therefore, our results indicate PARP inhibitors as adjuvants for therapeutic strategy of oral cancer.

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S1004 Veliparib (ABT-888) Veliparib (ABT-888, NSC 737664) is a potent inhibitor of PARP1 and PARP2 with Ki of 5.2 nM and 2.9 nM in cell-free assays, respectively. It is inactive to SIRT2. Veliparib increases autophagy and apoptosis. Phase 3.

Related Targets

Autophagy PARP Apoptosis related