PAFR selectively mediates radioresistance and irradiation-induced autophagy suppression in prostate cancer cells

Platelet-activating factor receptor (PAFR) promotes tumorigenesis, angiogenesis and metastasis. Here, we defined the PAFR as a yielding new inhibiting target to selectively enhance the sensitivity of prostate cancer (PCa) cells to radiation. The selective responding to PAFR inhibiter may be caused by the differential expression pattern of PAFR in PCa cells. In this study, we also determined PAFR as a molecular basis by which the radiation induces autophagy suppression independent of activating mTOR pathway. PAFR can bind to the autophagy-indispensable protein Beclin 1, leading to the disability in its serine phosphorylation. The PAFR antagonist Ginkgolide B (GB) can sensitize radiotherapy by disrupting the formation of PAFR/Beclin 1 complex in PC3 and LNCaP cells, which have elevated PAFR expression after radiation exposure. Most importantly, GB efficiently radiosensitized PC3 and LNCaP tumor xenografts in vivo, and significantly reduced tumor burden. Overall, our results elucidated a significant role of GB in selectively improving the outcomes of PCa receiving radiation therapy.

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Cat.No. Product Name Information Publications Customer Product Validation
S1343 Ginkgolide B Ginkgolide B (BN52021) is a PAFR antagonist with IC50 of 3.6 μM. (3) (2)

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