Ginkgolide B

Catalog No.S1343 Synonyms: BN52021

For research use only.

Ginkgolide B (BN52021) is a PAFR antagonist with IC50 of 3.6 μM.

Ginkgolide B Chemical Structure

CAS No. 15291-77-7

Selleck's Ginkgolide B has been cited by 3 Publications

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Purity & Quality Control

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Biological Activity

Description Ginkgolide B (BN52021) is a PAFR antagonist with IC50 of 3.6 μM.
PAFR [1]
3.6 μM
In vitro

Ginkgolide B potently inhibits a platelet-activating factor (PAF) receptor. [1] Treatment of PMN with ginkgolide B (0.5 μM -12 μM) stimulates a rapid and weak production of reactive oxygen species determined by chemiluminescence. Ginkgolide B potentiates the CL response induced by fMet-Leu-Phe and zymosan. [2] Ginkgolide B induces cyst cell differentiation and alteres the Ras/MAPK signaling pathway. [3] Ginkgolide B promotes the proliferation and endothelial gene expression, and markedly enhances vascular endothelial growth factor-induced migration response and the capability to incorporate into the vascular networks in EPCs. Ginkgolide B protects EPCs from H2O2-induced cell death. Ginkgolide B induces the phosphorylation of eNOS, Akt and p38, which in turn promotes cell proliferation and function. [4]

In vivo Ginkgolide B (2 μM) significantly inhibits MDCK cyst formation dose dependently, with up to 69% reduction. Ginkgolide B also significantly inhibits cyst enlargement in the MDCK cyst model, embryonic kidney cyst model, and PKD mouse model.[3] Preischemic application of Ginkgolide B (50 mg/kg p.o.) significantly reduces neuronal damage.[5] 30 minutes of pretreatment with Ginkgolide B (100 mg/kg, s. c.) reduces the infarct area in the mouse model of focal ischemia. In primary cultures of hippocampal neurons and astrocytes from neonatal rats, Ginkgolide B (1 μM) protects the neurons against damage caused by glutamate. Ginkgolide B (100 μM) reduces apoptotic damage induced by staurosporine. [6] In pentobarbitone or ethyl carbamate-anaesthetized animals, Ginkgolide B (1 mg/kg i.v. or 10 mg/kg p.o.) inhibits bronchoconstriction, the hematocrit increase and the accompanying thrombopenia and leukopenia induced by PAF-acether (33 ng/kg–100 ng/kg). Ginkgolide B at a dose of 3 mg/kg reduces the bronchoconstriction induced by aerosolized PAF-acether. Ginkgolide B at a dose of 300 μM also inhibits the superoxide production by PAF-acether-stimulated alveolar macrophages. Ginkgolide B blocks the formation of thromboxane-triggered by PAF-acether (100 ng) injected into perfused lung.Pretreatment of parenchyma lung strips with Ginkgolide B (100 μM) partially inhibits the contraction induced by PAF-acether (0.1 μM) and suppresses the accompanying release of thromboxane. [7] Ginkgolide B inhibits the maturation of ischemic injury. [8] Ginkgolide B treatment reveals marked reduction in infarction volume, brain edema and neurological deficits. Ginkgolide B also inhibitsischemia/reperfusion (I/R) induced NF-κB, microglia activation and production of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Ginkgolide B reducesBax protein levels and increases Bcl-2 protein levels in the post-ischemic brains. [9] Ginkgolide B attenuates platelet aggregation and inhibits phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase (PI3K) activation and Akt phosphorylation in thrombin- and collagen-activated platelets.Ginkgolide B decreases plasma PF4 and RANTES levels in ApoE−/− mice.Ginkgolide B diminishes P-selectin, PF4, RANTES, and CD40L expression in aortic plaque in ApoE−/− mice.Moreover, ginkgolide B suppresses macrophage and vascular cell adhesion protein 1 (VCAM-1) expression in aorta lesions in ApoE−/− mice.[10]

Protocol (from reference)

Animal Research:[10]
  • Animal Models: Eight-week-old male ApoE−/− mice
  • Dosages: 0.6 mg/day
  • Administration: Intragastric administration

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro

DMSO 85 mg/mL
(200.28 mM)
Water Insoluble
Ethanol Insoluble

In vivo

Add solvents to the product individually and in order
(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
30% propylene glycol, 5% Tween 80, 65% D5W
For best results, use promptly after mixing.

10 mg/mL

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 424.4


CAS No. 15291-77-7
Storage 3 years -20°C powder
2 years -80°C in solvent
Smiles CC1C(=O)OC2C1(C34C(=O)OC5C3(C2O)C6(C(C5)C(C)(C)C)C(C(=O)OC6O4)O)O

In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)

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Method for preparing in vivo formulation: Take μL DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300, mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80, mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O, mix and clarify.

Method for preparing in vivo formulation: Take μL DMSO master liquid, next add μL Corn oil, mix and clarify.

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Tech Support

Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.

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