Nullifying epigenetic writer DOT1L attenuates neointimal hyperplasia

Background and aims: Histone methyltransferases are emerging targets for epigenetic therapy. DOT1L (disruptor of telomeric silencing 1-like) is the only known methylation writer at histone 3 lysine 79 (H3K79). It is little explored for intervention of cardiovascular disease. We investigated the role of DOT1L in neointimal hyperplasia (IH), a basic etiology of occlusive vascular diseases.

Methods and results: IH was induced via balloon angioplasty in rat carotid arteries. DOT1L and its catalytic products H3K79me2 and H3K79me3 (immunostaining) increased by 4.69 ± 0.34, 2.38 ± 0.052, and 3.07 ± 0.27 fold, respectively, in injured (versus uninjured) carotid arteries at post-injury day 7. Dot1l silencing via shRNA-lentivirus infusion in injured arteries reduced DOT1L, H3K79me2, and IH at day 14 by 54.5%, 37.1%, and 76.5%, respectively. Moreover, perivascular administration of a DOT1L-selective inhibitor (EPZ5676) reduced H3K79me2, H3K79me3, and IH by 56.1%, 58.6%, and 39.9%, respectively. In addition, Dot1l silencing and its inhibition (with EPZ5676) in vivo in injured arteries boosted smooth muscle α-actin immunostaining; pretreatment of smooth muscle cells with EPZ5676 in vitro reduced pro-proliferative marker proteins, including proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and cyclin-D1.

Conclusions: While DOT1L is upregulated in angioplasty-injured rat carotid arteries, either its genetic silencing or pharmacological inhibition diminishes injury-induced IH. As such, this study presents a strong rationale for continued mechanistic and translational investigation into DOT1L targeting for treatment of (re)stenotic vascular conditions.

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Cat.No. Product Name Information Publications Customer Product Validation
S7062 Pinometostat (EPZ5676) Pinometostat (EPZ5676) is an S-adenosyl methionine (SAM) competitive inhibitor of protein methyltransferase DOT1L with Ki of 80 pM in a cell-free assay, demonstrating >37,000-fold selectivity against all other PMTs tested, inhibits H3K79 methylation in tumor. Phase 1. (36) (5)

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