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MiR-335 regulates the chemo-radioresistance of small cell lung cancer cells by targeting PARP-1

The role of miR-335 in the regulation of chemosensitivity and radiosensitivity of small cell lung cancer (SCLC) was investigated. miR-335 was significantly downregulated in multi-drug-resistant SCLC H69AR and H446DDP cells compared with parental cells as detected by qRT-PCR. Then, we demonstrated the negative correlation between miR-335 expression and the chemo-radiosensitivity of SCLC cells, including cell proliferation, cell clonality and cell apoptosis. In addition, miR-335 overexpression inhibited cell migration in vitro and tumor growth in vivo, whereas inhibition of miR-335 promoted cell migration and tumor growth. The underlying mechanism was further studied. Poly [ADP-ribose] polymerase 1 (PARP-1) was identified as a direct target gene of miR-335 in SCLC by bioinformatics analysis and validated via luciferase reporter assay. Overexpression of miR-335 decreased the expression of PARP-1 mRNA and protein, and NF-κB protein levels were correspondingly downregulated, thus regulating the chemo-radiosensitivity of SCLC. Taken together, these findings indicate that miR-335 may serve as a critical regulator of chemo-radiotherapy resistance in SCLC and a new potential therapeutic target.

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