Kinase activity-independent role of EphA2 in the regulation of M-phase progression

Cell division is a tightly regulated, essential process for cell proliferation. Very recently, we reported that EphA2 is phosphorylated at Ser897, via the Cdk1/MEK/ERK/RSK pathway, during M phase and contributes to proper M-phase progression by maintaining cortical rigidity via the EphA2pSer897/ephexin4/RhoG pathway. Here, we show that EphA2 kinase activity is dispensable for M-phase progression. Although EphA2 knockdown delayed this progression, the delay was rescued by an EphA2 mutant expression with an Asp739 to Asn substitution, as well as by wild-type EphA2. Western blotting analysis confirmed that the Asp739Asn mutant lost its EphA2 kinase activity. Like wild-type EphA2, the Asp739Asn mutant was localized to the plasma membrane irrespective of cell cycle. While RhoG localization to the plasma membrane was decreased in EphA2 knockdown cells, it was rescued by re-expression of wild-type EphA2 but not via the mutant containing the Ser897 to Ala substitution. This confirmed our recent report that phosphorylation at Ser897 is responsible for RhoG localization to the plasma membrane. In agreement with the M-phase progression's rescue effect, the Asp739Asn mutant rescued RhoG localization in EphA2 knockdown cells. These results suggest that EphA2 regulates M-phase progression in a manner independent of its kinase activity.

Related Products

Cat.No. Product Name Information
S7747 Ro-3306 RO-3306 is an ATP-competitive, and selective CDK1 inhibitor with Ki of 20 nM, >15-fold selectivity against a diverse panel of human kinases. RO-3306 enhances p53-mediated Bax activation and mitochondrial apoptosis.

Related Targets

CDK Bcl-2 Apoptosis related