Inhibition of TGF-β signaling promotes expansion of human epidermal keratinocytes in feeder cell co-culture

Cultured epidermal autografts have been used worldwide since 1981 for patients with extensive third-degree burn wounds and limited skin donor sites. Despite significant progress in techniques toward improving clinical outcome of skin grafts, the long in vitro preparation time of cultured autografts has remained a major factor limiting its widespread use. Here, we show that pharmacological inhibition of TGF-β signaling promotes the expansion of human epidermal keratinocytes (HEKs) with high proliferative potential in co-cultures with both murine 3T3-J2 cells and human feeder cells, including dermal fibroblasts and preadipocytes. In contrast, TGF-β signaling inhibition does not enhance the growth of HEKs in a serum- and feeder-free condition, an alternative approach to propagate HEKs for subsequent autograft production. Our results have important implications for the use of TGF-β signaling inhibition as a viable therapeutic strategy for improving Green's methodology and for more efficient production of customized skin autografts with human feeder cells.

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S2805 LY364947 LY364947 (HTS 466284) is a potent ATP-competitive inhibitor of TGFβR-I with IC50 of 59 nM in a cell-free assay, shows 7-fold selectivity over TGFβR-II. (35) (5)

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