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Glucagon-like peptide 1 reverses myocardial hypertrophy through cAMP/PKA/RhoA/ROCK2 signaling.

Myocardial hypertrophy is a major pathological and physiological process during heart failure. Glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) is a glucagon incretin hormone released from the gut endocrine L-cells that has protective effects on various cardiovascular diseases, including hypertension, atherosclerosis, and myocardial hypertrophy. However, the protective mechanisms of GLP-1 in myocardial hypertrophy remain unclear. Here, we showed that the GLP-1 agonist liraglutide and dipeptidyl peptidase 4 inhibitor alogliptin decreased heart weight and cardiac muscle cell volume in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). In H9C2 cell hypertensive models induced by angiotensin II, GLP-1 treatment reduced myocardial cell volume, inhibited the expressions of atrial natriuretic peptide, brain/B-type natriuretic peptide, β-myosin heavy chain, RhoA, and ROCK2, and decreased MLC and MYPT1 phosphorylation. When H9C2 cells were treated with H89, a PKA inhibitor, the inhibitory effect of GLP-1 disappeared, while the inhibitory role was enhanced under the treatment of Y-27632, a ROCK2 inhibitor. These results suggested that GLP-1 might reverse myocardial hypertrophy through the PKA/RhoA/ROCK2 signaling pathway.

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Cat.No. Product Name Information Publications Customer Product Validation
S1049 Y-27632 2HCl Y-27632 2HCl is a selective ROCK1 (p160ROCK) inhibitor with Ki of 140 nM in a cell-free assay, exhibits >200-fold selectivity over other kinases, including PKC, cAMP-dependent protein kinase, MLCK and PAK. (733) (6)

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