Effect of bucladesine, pentoxifylline, and H-89 as cyclic adenosine monophosphate analog, phosphodiesterase, and protein kinase A inhibitor on acute pain

The aim of this study was to determine the effects of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) and its dependent pathway on thermal nociception in a mouse model of acute pain. Here, we studied the effect of H-89 (protein kinase A inhibitor), bucladesine (Db-cAMP) (membrane-permeable analog of cAMP), and pentoxifylline (PTX; nonspecific phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitor) on pain sensation. Different doses of H-89 (0.05, 0.1, and 0.5 mg/100 g), PTX (5, 10, and 20 mg/100 g), and Db-cAMP (50, 100, and 300 nm/mouse) were administered intraperitoneally (I.p.) 15 min before a tail-flick test. In combination groups, we injected the first and the second compounds 30 and 15 min before the tail-flick test, respectively. I.p. administration of H-89 and PTX significantly decreased the thermal-induced pain sensation in their low applied doses. Db-cAMP, however, decreased the pain sensation in a dose-dependent manner. The highest applied dose of H-89 (0.5 mg/100 g) attenuated the antinociceptive effect of Db-cAMP in doses of 50 and 100 nm/mouse. Surprisingly, Db-cAMP decreased the antinociceptive effect of the lowest dose of H-89 (0.05 mg/100 g). All applied doses of PTX reduced the effect of 0.05 mg/100 g H-89 on pain sensation; however, the highest dose of H-89 compromised the antinociceptive effect of 20 mg/100 g dose of PTX. Co-administration of Db-cAMP and PTX increased the antinociceptive effect of each compound on thermal-induced pain. In conclusion, PTX, H-89, and Db-cAMP affect the thermal-induced pain by probably interacting with intracellular cAMP and cGMP signaling pathways and cyclic nucleotide-dependent protein kinases.

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