Direct Conjugation of NEDD8 to the N-Terminus of a Model Protein Can Induce Degradation

While the role of ubiquitin in protein degradation is well established, the role of other ubiquitin-like proteins (UBLs) in protein degradation is less clear. Neural precursor cell expressed developmentally down-regulated protein 8 (NEDD8) is the UBL with the highest level of amino acids identified when compared to ubiquitin. Here we tested if the N-terminal addition of NEDD8 to a protein of interest could lead to degradation. Mutation of critical glycine residues required for normal NEDD8 processing resulted in a non-cleavable fusion protein that was rapidly degraded within the cells by both the proteasome and autophagy. Both degradation pathways were dependent on a functional ubiquitin-conjugation system as treatment with MLN7243 increased levels of non-cleavable NEDD8-GFP. The degradation of non-cleavable, N-terminal NEDD8-GFP was not due to a failure of GFP folding as different NEDD8-GFP constructs with differing abilities to fold and fluoresce were similarly degraded. Though the fusion of NEDD8 to a protein resulted in degradation, treatment of cells with MLN4924, an inhibitor of the E1 activating enzyme for NEDD8, failed to prevent degradation of other destabilized substrates. Taken together these data suggest that under certain conditions, such as the model system described here, the covalent linkage of NEDD8 to a protein substrate may result in the target proteins degradation.

Related Products

Cat.No. Product Name Information
S8341 TAK-243 (MLN7243) TAK-243 (MLN7243) is a potent, mechanism-based small-molecule inhibitor of the ubiquitin activating enzyme (UAE) with an IC50 of 1 ± 0.2 nM in the UBCH10 E2 thioester assay. It has minimal inhibitory activity in a panel of kinase and receptor assays, as well as on human carbonic anhydrase type I and type II. TAK-243 (MLN7243) induces ER stress, abrogates NFκB pathway activation and promotes apoptosis.

Related Targets

E1 Activating NF-κB Apoptosis related