Cooperativity Between Orthosteric Inhibitors and Allosteric Inhibitor 8-Anilino-1-Naphthalene Sulfonic Acid (ANS) in Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 2

While kinases have been attractive targets to combat many diseases, including cancer, selective kinase inhibition has been challenging, because of the high degree of structural homology in the active site, where many kinase inhibitors bind. We have previously discovered that 8-anilino-1-naphthalene sulfonic acid (ANS) binds an allosteric pocket in cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (Cdk2). Here, we detail the positive cooperativity between ANS and orthosteric Cdk2 inhibitors dinaciclib and roscovitine, which increase the affinity of ANS toward Cdk2 5-fold to 10-fold, and the relatively noncooperative effects of ATP. We observe these effects using a fluorescent binding assay and heteronuclear single quantum correlation nuclear magnetic resonance (HSQC NMR), where we noticed a shift from fast exchange to slow exchange upon ANS titration in the presence of roscovitine but not with an ATP mimic. The discovery of cooperative relationships between orthosteric and allosteric kinase inhibitors could further the development of selective kinase inhibitors in general.

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S2768 Dinaciclib (SCH727965) Dinaciclib (SCH727965, PS-095760) is a novel and potent CDK inhibitor for CDK2, CDK5, CDK1 and CDK9 with IC50 of 1 nM, 1 nM, 3 nM and 4 nM in cell-free assays, respectively. It also blocks thymidine (dThd) DNA incorporation. Dinaciclib induces apoptosis through the activation of caspases 8 and 9. Phase 3. (96) (5)

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