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Wnt-Signaling Inhibitor Wnt-C59 Suppresses the Cytokine Upregulation in Multiple Organs of Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Endotoxemic Mice via Reducing the Interaction between β-Catenin and NF-κB

Sepsis is characterized by multiple-organ dysfunction caused by the dysregulated host response to infection. Until now, however, the role of the Wnt signaling has not been fully characterized in multiple organs during sepsis. This study assessed the suppressive effect of a Wnt signaling inhibitor, Wnt-C59, in the kidney, lung, and liver of lipopolysaccharide-induced endotoxemic mice, serving as an animal model of sepsis. We found that Wnt-C59 elevated the survival rate of these mice and decreased their plasma levels of proinflammatory cytokines and organ-damage biomarkers, such as BUN, ALT, and AST. The Wnt/β-catenin and NF-κB pathways were stimulated and proinflammatory cytokines were upregulated in the kidney, lung, and liver of endotoxemic mice. Wnt-C59, as a Wnt signaling inhibitor, inhibited the Wnt/β-catenin pathway, and its interaction with the NF-κB pathway, which resulted in the inhibition of NF-κB activity and proinflammatory cytokine expression. In multiple organs of endotoxemic mice, Wnt-C59 significantly reduced the β-catenin level and interaction with NF-κB. Our findings suggest that the anti-endotoxemic effect of Wnt-C59 is mediated via reducing the interaction between β-catenin and NF-κB, consequently suppressing the associated cytokine upregulation in multiple organs. Thus, Wnt-C59 may be useful for the suppression of the multiple-organ dysfunction during sepsis.

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S7037 Wnt-C59 (C59) Wnt-C59 (C59) is a PORCN inhibitor for Wnt3A-mediated activation of a multimerized TCF-binding site driving luciferase with IC50 of 74 pM in HEK293 cells. (79) (5)

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