The HSP90 inhibitor, NVP-AUY922, sensitizes KRAS-mutant non-small cell lung cancer with intrinsic resistance to MEK inhibitor, trametinib

RAS-driven tumors are often difficult to treat with conventional therapies and therefore, novel treatment strategies are necessary. The present study describes a promising targeted therapeutic strategy against non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) harboring KRAS mutations, which has intrinsic resistance to MEK inhibition. Results showed that intrinsic resistance to MEK inhibition occurred via high AKT expression by PI3K activation as a bypass pathway. The HSP90 inhibitor AUY922 suppressed PI3K-AKT-mTOR and RAF-MEK-ERK, and rendered cells sensitive to trametinib (GSK1120212). Synergy from the combination of the two drugs was observed in only sub-therapeutic concentrations of either drug. Dual inhibition of the HSP90 and MEK signaling pathways with sub-therapeutic doses may represent a potent therapeutic strategy to treat KRAS-mutant NSCLC with intrinsic resistance to MEK inhibition and to resolve the toxicity observed upon dual inhibition of AKT and MEK at therapeutic doses in clinical trials.

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Cat.No. Product Name Information Publications Customer Product Validation
S2673 Trametinib (GSK1120212) Trametinib (GSK1120212) is a highly specific and potent MEK1/2 inhibitor with IC50 of 0.92 nM/1.8 nM in cell-free assays, no inhibition of the kinase activities of c-Raf, B-Raf, ERK1/2. Trametinib activates autophagy and induces apoptosis. (847) (12)

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