Selonsertib, a potential drug for liver failure therapy by rescuing the mitochondrial dysfunction of macrophage via ASK1-JNK-DRP1 pathway

Background: Acute liver failure (ALF) is associated with a high mortality rate, and there are still no effective treatments except liver transplantation and artificial liver therapies. This study aimed to determine the effects, therapeutic window and mechanisms of selonsertib, a selective inhibitor of ASK1, for ALF therapy.

Results: Lipopolysaccharide and D-galactosamine (LPS/GalN) were used to simulate ALF. We found that selonsertib pretreatment significantly ameliorated ALF, as determined by reduced hepatic necrosis and serum alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase and inflammatory cytokine levels. However, selonsertib is only effective early after LPS/GalN administration, and the limited therapeutic window is related to the activation and mitochondrial translocation of JNK and DRP1. Further experiments revealed that selonsertib could alleviate LPS-induced mitochondrial damage in macrophages by evaluating the mitochondrial membrane potential and mitochondrial permeability transition pore opening in macrophages. Selonsertib also suppressed the release of inflammatory cytokines from macrophages by reducing DRP1-mediated mitochondrial dysfunction, which was confirmed by using mdivi, a specific DRP1 inhibitor.

Conclusions: Selonsertib protected against LPS/GalN-induced ALF by attenuating JNK-mediated DRP1 mitochondrial translocation and then rescuing mitochondrial damage in macrophages and may have therapeutic potential for early ALF patients.

Related Products

Cat.No. Product Name Information
S8292 Selonsertib (GS-4997) Selonsertib (GS-4997) is a highly selective and potent once-daily oral ASK1 inhibitor with potential anti-inflammatory, antineoplastic and anti-fibrotic activities.

Related Targets