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Oxidative stress induces mitotic arrest by inhibiting Aurora A-involved mitotic spindle formation

Oxidative stress contributes to the oxidative modification of cellular components, including lipids, proteins and DNA, and results in DNA damage, cell cycle arrest, cellular dysfunction and apoptosis. However, the mechanism underlying oxidative stress-induced mitotic abnormalities is not fully understood. In this study, we demonstrated that exogenous and endogenous reactive oxygen species (ROS) promoted mitotic arrest. Delayed formation and abnormal function of the mitotic spindle, which directly impeded mitosis and promoted abnormal chromosome separation, was responsible for ROS-induced mitotic arrest. As a key regulator of mitotic spindle assembly, Aurora A kinase was hyperphosphorylated in early mitosis under oxidative stress, which may disturb the function of Aurora A in mitotic spindle formation. Our findings identified a mechanism by which ROS regulate mitotic progression and indicated a potential molecular target for the treatment of oxidative stress-related diseases.

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S2770 MK-5108 (VX-689) MK-5108 (VX-689) is a highly selective Aurora A inhibitor with IC50 of 0.064 nM in a cell-free assay and is 220- and 190-fold more selective for Aurora A than Aurora B/C, while it inhibits TrkA with less than 100-fold selectivity. MK-5108 (VX-689) induces autophagy. Phase 1. (24) (5)

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