Outcome of COVID-19 infection in 50 multiple myeloma patients treated with novel drugs: single-center experience

Infections are the primary cause of morbidity and mortality in multiple myeloma (MM) patients (pts). The aim of our retrospective analysis was to evaluate incidence and course of COVID-19 infection in a cohort of 351 MM outpatients treated with novel drugs. COVID-19 disease was detected in 50/351 pts (14%); median age was 68 years. Gender, ISS stage, and last treatment lines were as follows: male 32, female 18; ISS-I 19, ISS-II 20, ISS-III 11; daratumumab-based 15, lenalidomide-based 12, bortezomib-based 17, other 6. Positive PCR test at COVID-19 diagnosis was present in all pts; anti-myeloma treatment was interrupted. Hospitalizations for COVID-19 pneumonia were necessary for 28/50 pts (56%), 18/50 pts (36%) in standard unit (SU) 10/50 pts (20%) in intensive care unit (ICU), and 9/50 pts (18%) died. The statistically significant parameters for COVID-19 hospitalization were as follows: responsive versus non-responsive disease (p = 0.027), ECOG performance status 0-2 versus ≥ 3 (p = 0.014), presence of comorbidities (0-1 versus ≥ 2, p = 0.043). The statistically significant factors for COVID-19 death were as follows: ECOG 0-2 versus ≥ 3 (p = 0.001), presence of comorbidities (0-1 versus ≥ 2, p = 0.007), serious course of COVID-19 disease with ICU hospitalization (SU versus ICU, p = 0.001). None of the other studied risk factors was associated with poor outcome (age, gender, ISS stage, immunoparesis, type of anti-myeloma treatment). Full recovery from COVID-19 infection was observed in 41/50 pts (82%) in median of 32 days. The course of COVID-19 disease in MM pts was mostly moderate or serious with 56% of hospitalizations and 18% of deaths.

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