Osthole Exerts Inhibitory Effects on Hypoxic Colon Cancer Cells via EIF2[Formula: see text] Phosphorylation-mediated Apoptosis and Regulation of HIF-1[Formula: see text]

Hypoxic microenvironment and dysregulated endoplasmic reticulum stress/unfolded protein response (UPR) system are considered important factors that promote cancer progression. Although osthole extracted from Cnidium monnieri(Fructus Cnidii) has been confirmed to exhibit an anticancer activity in various cancers, the effects of osthole in hypoxic colon cancer cells have not been explored. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine whether osthole has an inhibitory effect on hypoxic colon cancer HCT116 cells and further investigate the underlying molecular mechanisms. Treatment with osthole significantly attenuated the cell viability, proliferation, and migration in hypoxic HCT116 cells. Osthole also activated UPR signaling such as phospho-eukaryotic initiation factor 2 alpha (EIF2[Formula: see text]/ATF4/CHOP/DR5 cascade accompanied by upregulation of pro-apoptotic proteins. Moreover, the tubule-like formation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells, the secretion of vascular endothelial growth factor A, and the expression and activity of hypoxia-inducible factor-1[Formula: see text] (HIF-1[Formula: see text] in hypoxic HCT116 cells were markedly suppressed by osthole. However, suppressing EIF2[Formula: see text] phosphorylation with salubrinal or ISRIB markedly reversed the effects of osthole on the expressions of pro-apoptotic proteins and HIF-1[Formula: see text]. Co-treatment of hypoxic HCT116 cells with osthole greatly increased the sensitivity to cisplatin and the expressions of phospho-EIF2[Formula: see text] and cleaved caspase 3. Collectively, the inhibitory effect of osthole in hypoxic HCT116 cells may be associated with EIF2[Formula: see text] phosphorylation-mediated apoptosis and translational repression of HIF-1[Formula: see text]. Taken together, osthole may be a potential agent in the treatment of colon cancer.

Related Products

Cat.No. Product Name Information
S7400 ISRIB (trans-isomer) ISRIB (trans-isomer), the trans-isomer of ISRIB, is a potent and selective PERK inhibitor with IC50 of 5 nM and does not have global effects on translation, transcription, or mRNA stability in non-stressed cells.

Related Targets