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Heat Shock Protein 90 Inhibitors AUY922, BIIB021 and SNX5422 Induce Bim-mediated Death of Thyroid Carcinoma Cells

Background/aim: Heat shock protein 90 (HSP90) controls maturation of oncogenic client proteins of cancer cells, and thus we studied the effect of HSP 90 inhibitors on cell survival and survival-related mediators in thyroid carcinoma cells.

Materials and methods: Human TPC-1 and SW1736 thyroid carcinoma cells were utilized. Cell viability, cytotoxic activity and apoptosis were estimated using CCK-8 assay, cytotoxicity assay and FACS analysis, respectively.

Results: AUY922, BIIB021 and SNX5422 decreased cell viability, and increased cytotoxic activity and the proportion of apoptotic cells. The protein levels of cleaved PARP, cleaved caspase-3, Bax and Bim were elevated, and Bcl2 protein levels were reduced. Knockdown of Bax did not change cell viability, cytotoxic activity, the proportion of apoptotic cells and cleaved caspase-3 protein levels. Meanwhile, knockdown of Bim enhanced cell viability, and diminished cytotoxic activity, the proportion of apoptotic cells and cleaved caspase-3 protein levels. AUY922, BIIB021 and SNX5422 increased the protein levels of phospho-AMPK, and decreased those of phospho-ERK1/2, and total and phospho-AKT.

Conclusion: AUY922, BIIB021 and SNX5422 induce cytotoxicity by modulating Bim and ERK1/2, AKT and AMPK signaling in thyroid carcinoma cells.

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Cat.No. Product Name Information Publications Customer Product Validation
S2656 PF-04929113 (SNX-5422) PF-04929113 (SNX-5422) is a potent and selective HSP90 inhibitor with Kd of 41 nM and induces Her-2 degradation with IC50 of 37 nM. Phase 1/2. (4) (3)

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