Hdac8 Inhibitor Alleviates Transverse Aortic Constriction-Induced Heart Failure in Mice by Downregulating Ace1

Background: Heart failure is characterized by activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, which is involved in the regulation of cardiac hypertrophy and hypertension. Recently, we reported that Hdac8 inhibition alleviates isoproterenol-induced and angiotensin II-induced cardiac hypertrophy or hypertension in mice. Here, the effect and regulatory mechanisms of the Hdac8 selective inhibitor PCI34051 on pressure overload-induced heart failure were examined.

Methods and results: At week 6 posttransverse aortic constriction (TAC), mice were administered with PCI34051 (3, 10, or 30 mg/kg bodyweight/day) for 2 weeks. The therapeutic effects of PCI34051 on TAC-induced cardiac and lung hypertrophy were determined by examining the heart weight-to-bodyweight and lung weight-to-bodyweight ratios and the cross-sectional cardiomyocyte area. Echocardiography analysis revealed that PCI34051 mitigated TAC-induced decreased ejection fraction and fractional shortening. Additionally, the expression of Hdac8 was upregulated in the cardiac and pulmonary tissues of TAC mice. The expression levels of Ace1 and Agtr1 were upregulated, whereas those of Ace2 and Agtr2 were downregulated in TAC mice. PCI34051 treatment or Hdac8 knockdown alleviated inflammation as evidenced by Rela downregulation and Nfkbia upregulation in mice, as well as in cardiomyocytes, but not in cardiac fibroblasts. Hdac8 overexpression-induced Rela pathway activation was downregulated in Ace1 knockdown cells. Picrosirius red staining, real-time polymerase chain reaction, and western blotting analyses revealed that PCI34051 alleviated fibrosis and downregulated fibrosis-related genes. Moreover, PCI34051 or Hdac8 knockdown in rat cardiac fibroblasts alleviated cardiac fibrosis through the Tgfb1-Smad2/3 pathway. The results of overexpression and knockdown experiments revealed that Hdac8 and Ace1 promote inflammation and fibrosis.

Conclusions: Treatment with PCI34051 enhanced cardiac and lung functions in the TAC-induced heart failure mouse model. These data suggest that HDAC8 is a potential novel therapeutic target for heart failure accompanied by pathological lung diseases.

Related Products

Cat.No. Product Name Information
S2012 PCI-34051 PCI-34051 is a potent and specific HDAC8 inhibitor with IC50 of 10 nM in a cell-free assay. It has greater than 200-fold selectivity over HDAC1 and 6, more than 1000-fold selectivity over HDAC2, 3, and 10. PCI-34051 induces caspase-dependent apoptosis.

Related Targets

HDAC Apoptosis related