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GSK3ß-dependent dysregulation of neurodevelopment in SPG11-patient iPSC model

OBJECTIVE:
Mutations in the Spastic Paraplegia Gene11 (SPG11), encoding spatacsin, cause the most frequent form of autosomal recessive (AR) complex hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP) and juvenile onset amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS5). When SPG11 is mutated, patients frequently present with spastic paraparesis, a thin corpus callosum, and cognitive impairment. We previously delineated a neurodegenerative phenotype in neurons of these patients. In the current study, we recapitulated early developmental phenotypes of SPG11 and outlined their cellular and molecular mechanisms in patient-specific induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) derived cortical neural progenitor cells (NPCs).
 
METHODS:
We generated and characterized iPSC derived NPCs and neurons from three SPG11 patients and two age-matched controls.
 
RESULTS:
Gene expression profiling of SPG11-NPCs revealed widespread transcriptional alterations in neurodevelopmental pathways. These include changes in cell cycle, neurogenesis, cortical development pathways, in addition to autophagic deficits. More importantly, the GSK3ß signaling pathway was found to be dysregulated in SPG11-NPCs. Impaired proliferation of SPG11-NPCs resulted in a significant diminution in the number of neural cells. The decrease in mitotically active SPG11-NPCs was rescued by GSK3 modulation.
 
INTERPRETATION:
This iPSC-derived NPC model provides the first evidence for an early neurodevelopmental phenotype in SPG11, with GSK3ß as a potential novel target to reverse the disease phenotype. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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S2823 Tideglusib Tideglusib (NP031112, NP-12) is an irreversible, non ATP-competitive GSK-3β inhibitor with IC50 of 60 nM in a cell-free assay; fails to inhibit kinases with a Cys homologous to Cys-199 located in the active site. Phase 2. (19) (5)

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