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Clinicopathologic, Genomic, and Protein Expression Characterization of 356 ROS1 Fusion Driven Solid Tumors Cases

Based on the approvals of crizotinib and entrectinib by the Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of ROS1 positive non-small lung cancer (NSCLC), we sought to examine the mutational profile of a variety of solid tumors (excluding sarcomas) with ROS1 fusions that underwent comprehensive genomic profiling. A review of our database was performed to extract all non-sarcoma patients with ROS1 fusions that were discovered by the hybrid capture-based DNA only sequencing assays. We examined the co-alterations representing potentially targetable biomarkers, resistance alterations, and other alterations in these cases. In addition, we examined the histologic characteristics and protein expression with immunohistochemistry (IHC). From a series of clinically advanced non-sarcoma solid tumors, 356 unique cases with ROS1 fusions included 275 (77.2%) NSCLC and 81 (22.8%) non-NSCLC. Ten novel ROS1 fusions were discovered. Importantly, the NSCLC ROS1 fusionpos tumors had a higher PD-L1 IHC expression positivity when compared to the NSCLC ROS1 fusionneg population (P = 0.012, Chi-squared). The frequency of known and likely anti-ROS1 targeted therapy resistance genomic alterations in NSCLC was 7.3% (20/275) and in non-NSCLC was 4.9% (4/81). Overall, the co-alteration profile of ROS1 fusionpos NSCLC and non-NSCLC was similar with only 3 genes altered significantly more frequently in non-NSCLC vs NSCLC: TERT, PTEN, APC. In this study, we characterized a large cohort of ROS1 fusionpos NSCLC and non-NSCLC solid tumors and discovered 10 novel ROS1 fusions. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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